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Layer Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

By: Author Tony Martins Ajaero

Home » Business ideas » Agriculture Industry » Livestock Farming » Poultry » Poultry Business Plan

Are you about starting a layer farming business? If YES, here’s a complete sample layer farming business plan template & feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money .

Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a layer farming business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample layer farming marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for layer farms. So let’s proceed to the business planning section.

There are loads of business opportunities in the poultry industry and layer farming is one of them. Layers are chickens that are specifically raised for the purpose of laying eggs – commercial egg production.

Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are a special species of hen which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age.

Layer poultry farming is a profitable business that has evolved from small scale into a global industry in most countries where it is carried out.

Countries like Nigeria , United Kingdom, Brazil, Greece, Philippines, China, Japan, Thailand, Caribbean countries and even South American Countries have been farming layer chicken on a large scale for a long time. united states isn’t far from the trade as there are lots of people who are making huge fortune from farming layer chicken alone.

It is important to state that starting a layer poultry farming business comes with its own fair share of challenges, but that does not rule out the fact that it is indeed a profitable business venture. An aspiring entrepreneur can either choose to start a layer poultry farm on a small scale or on a large scale depending on their financial status.

Below is a sample layer poultry farming business plan template that can help you to successfully write your own with little or no difficulty.

A Sample Layer Farming Business Plan Template

1. industry overview.

The agricultural industry of which poultry farming and egg production is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces chicken and eggs for the populace.

Because of the significant role the agriculture sector plays, the government of most countries ensures that they go all the way to subsidize seedlings, fertilizers, farm implements and machinery for farmers and also encourage entrepreneurs to go into commercial farming (poultry farming inclusive).

Hens, various birds, quails, guinea fowls, ducks et al are all birds that can be comfortably reared in a poultry. Chicken and birds are widely consumed in all parts of the world hence there is a large market for poultry farmers. If you are looking towards starting a livestock breeding business, then one of your options is to settle for poultry farming. Poultry farming is a highly thriving and profitable business venture.

Asides from the fact that people consume birds and chicken, supply of eggs is also a major source of revenue generation for poultry farmers. Players in the poultry farming and egg production industry basically raise chicken for meat and egg production. The eggs produced may be sold for use as table eggs or hatching eggs.

The Poultry Farm and Egg Production Company Industry that layer poultry farming business is a part of is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all parts of the world especially in developed countries such as United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and Italy et al.

Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 30,000 licensed and registered poultry farm and egg production companies directly responsible for employing about 280,800 employees and indirectly responsible for employing roughly 1,339,900 people.

The industry rakes in a whooping sum of $10 billion annually with an annual growth rate projected at 6.1 percent. It is important to state that establishments with a lion share of the available market in this industry are Cal – Maine, Land O’Lake, Inc., Michael Foods and Rose Acres Farms.

Statistics also has it that an estimate of about 35 companies are involved in the business of raising, processing and marketing chickens on a commercial level; they export chicken and eggs to other countries of the world. It is on record that Americans consume more chicken than anyone else in the world.

So also, in 2015, almost 9 billion layer chickens, weighing 53 billion pounds, live – weight, were produced. More than 40 billion pounds of chicken product was marketed and measured on a ready-to-cook basis. If you are looking towards leveraging on the agriculture industry to generate huge income, then one of your best bet is to start a layer poultry farm and egg production business.

One thing is certain about starting layer poultry farming and egg production business, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies, you are more likely not going to struggle to sell your eggs and chickens because there are always food processing companies and consumers out there who are ready to buy from you.

2. Executive Summary

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a world – class poultry farm company with strong bias for rearing layer chickens. Our poultry farm will be based in the outskirt of Houston, Texas – United States. We have done a detailed market research and feasibility studies and we were able to secure hundred hectares of land to start our layer poultry farm and egg production business.

Our layer poultry farm is going to be a standard commercial poultry farm, so will be involved in raising layers for egg production on a commercial level; we will export live layers – chickens and eggs, to other countries of the world. We are in the commercial layer poultry farming and egg production line of business because we want to leverage on the vast opportunities available in the agriculture industry to contribute our quota in growing the U.S. economy.

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is well positioned to become one of the leading commercial layer poultry farms in the United States of America, which is why we have been able to source for the best hands and machines to run the company.

We have put processes and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to commercial poultry farms and egg production as required by the regulating bodies in the United States of America. At Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC, our customer’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics.

We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living.

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a private registered commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company that is owned by Mrs. Grace Milton and her immediate family members. The layer poultry farm will be fully and singlehandedly financed by the owner – Mrs. Grace and her immediate family members at least for a period of time.

Before starting Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC, Mrs. Grace Milton has gathered robust experience working for some of the top brands in the poultry farms industry in the United States of America. She is of course well experienced and highly qualified to run this type of business.

3. Our Products and Services

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a standard commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company that is committed to raising chicken (layers) for both the United States’ market and the global market. We are in the commercial layer poultry farms and egg production line of business to make profits and we are going to do all we can to achieve our business goals, aim and objectives.

These are the areas we will concentrate on in our commercial layer poultry farms. If need arises we will definitely add more poultry produce to our list;

  • Raising, processing and marketing chickens on a commercial level; we export chickens, processed chickens and eggs to other countries of the world
  • Table eggs produced by battery chickens (white)
  • Table eggs produced by battery chickens (brown)
  • Hatching eggs
  • Specialty eggs
  • Table eggs produced by free-range chickens

4. Our Mission and Vision Statement

  • Our Vision is to become one of the leading commercial layer poultry farm and egg production brands not just in the United States of America but also on a global stage.
  • Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a world class and registered commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company that is committed to raising layers – chickens, and producing eggs for both the United States’ market and the global market. We want our chickens and eggs to flood the nooks and crannies of the United States and other countries of the world.

Our Business Structure

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a privately owned and managed commercial layer poultry farms and egg production business that intends starting small in Houston – Texas, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading commercial poultry farms and egg production companies in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage.

We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of world class business we want to own. This is why we are committed to only hire the best hands within our area of operation.

At Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, result driven, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stakeholders (the owners, workforce and customers).

As a matter of fact, a profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions;

  • Chief Operating Officer

General Poultry Farm Manager

Human Resources and Admin Manager

Accountant/Cashier

  • Sales and Marketing Executive
  • Field Employees
  • Front Desk Officer

5. Job Roles and Responsibilities

Chief Executive Officer – CEO:

  • Increases management’s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities
  • Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization’s vision, mission, and overall direction – i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization’s strategy
  • Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals
  • Responsible for providing direction for the business
  • Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company
  • Evaluates the success of the organization
  • Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on behalf of the organization
  • Supervise other section managers
  • Ensure compliance during project executions
  • Providing advice on the management of farming activities across all section
  • Responsible for carrying out risk assessment
  • Using IT systems and software to keep track of people and progress of the growth of chickens and other birds
  • Responsible for overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of poultry farm produce
  • Represent the organization’s interest at various stakeholders’ meetings
  • Ensures that layer poultry farming goals desired result are achieved, the most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization
  • Updates job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in professional organizations
  • Enhances department and organization reputation by accepting ownership for accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to job accomplishments.
  • Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process
  • Carrying out staff induction for new team members
  • Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees
  • Oversee the smooth running of the daily office
  • Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions
  • Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis
  • Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties
  • Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies
  • Responsible for administering payrolls
  • Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation
  • Handles all financial transactions for Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC
  • Serves as internal auditor for Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC.

Sales and Marketing Manager

  • Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones
  • Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customers
  • Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of development projects
  • Write winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with organizations’ policy
  • Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients
  • Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients
  • Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for increasing sales
  • Create new markets cum businesses for the organization
  • Empower and motivate the sales team to meet and surpass agreed targets

Field Workers/Contract Staff

  • Responsible for daily collection of eggs
  • Responsible for feeding chickens and other birds as instructed by the supervisor
  • Responsible for cleaning poultry and the entire environment
  • Change the water for the birds as instructed by the supervisor on a regular basis
  • Handles poultry farm implements and machines (hatchery) as instructed by the section manager/supervisor
  • Assist in handling the chicken and other birds et al
  • Carries out task in line with the stated job description
  • Assist in transport working tools and equipment from the poultry farm and back to the designated store room
  • Handles any other duties as assigned by the line manager

Front Desk/Customer’s Service Officer

  • Welcomes clients and potential clients by greeting them in person, online or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.
  • Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level
  • Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services
  • Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in an effective and timely manner
  • Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries

6. SWOT Analysis

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis.

We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company that will favorably compete with leading commercial layer poultry farms and egg production companies like Cal – Maine, Land O’Lake, Inc., Michael Foods and Rose Acres Farms in the United States of America and in other parts of the world.

We engaged the services of a core professional in the area of business consulting and structuring to assist our organization in building a well – structured commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company that can favorably compete in the highly competitive commercial poultry farms and egg production industry in the United States and the world at large.

Part of what the team of business consultant did was to work with the management of our organization in conducting a SWOT analysis for Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC. Here is a summary of the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC;

Our strength as a commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in the industry; both suppliers of poultry feeds and medications and buyers of live layers (chickens) and eggs within and outside of the United States of America.

We have some of the latest commercial poultry farming hatchery, tools and equipment that will help us raise and produce eggs in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in Houston – Texas on our payroll.

Our weakness could be that we are a new commercial poultry farm and egg production company in the United States, and perhaps it might take us sometime to attract big time customers in the industry. We are aware of this and from our projection will overcome this weakness with time and turn it to a major advantage for the business.

  • Opportunities:

The opportunities that are available to us as a standard commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company cannot be quantified. We know that there are loads of households and businesses such as grocery stores, hotels and fast food restaurants that can’t do without a daily supply of live chicken and eggs. We are well positioned to take advantage of this opportunity.

Some of the threats and challenges that we are likely going to face when we start our commercial layer poultry farm and egg production company are global economic downturn that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), unfavorable government policies and the arrival of a competitor (a commercial farm that engage in the rearing of chickens and other birds) within same location.

There is hardly anything you can do as regards these threats and challenges other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for your good.

7. MARKET ANALYSIS

  • Market Trends

The Poultry and Chicken Egg Production industry has greatly benefited from campaigns advertising the health benefits of chickens and eggs as a good source of protein. No doubt, the increased demand of chicken and eggs from households and food related businesses and of course the growing popularity of specialty and processed eggs have rapidly improved revenue growth for the industry.

In the face of this growth, profit margin has suffered from rising feed costs and also regulations regarding animal welfare. As a matter of fact, one of the new trends is that with the recent advancement in technology, poultry farmers can now comfortably predict and produce large quantities of chickens/birds and eggs per time.

8. Our Target Market

Indeed, the target market of those who are the end consumer of commercial poultry farm produce and also those who benefits from the business value chain of the poultry farming and egg production industry is all encompassing; it is far–reaching.

Every household consumes produce from commercial poultry farms be it chicken or egg. So also, almost all hotels and fast restaurants sell meals made from chicken and eggs. In essence a commercial poultry farmer cum layer farmer should be able to sell his or her chickens and eggs to as many people as possible.

In view of that, we have positioned our business to attract consumers of chicken and eggs not just in the United States of America alone but in other parts of the world. We have conducted our market research and survey and we will ensure that we meet and surpass the expectations we set for the business. Below is a list of the people and business that we will market our live chickens and eggs to;

  • Individuals
  • Restaurants
  • Fast food eateries
  • Grocery stores
  • Agriculture merchants

Our competitive advantage

It is easier to find entrepreneur flocking towards an industry that is known to generate consistent income which is why there are more commercial poultry farmers in the United States of America and of course in most parts of the world.

Statistics has it that there are 2.2 million farms in the United States of America, covering an area of 922 million acres. These goes to show that there are an appreciable number of farmers in the United States of America but that does not mean that there is stiff competition in the industry.

As a matter of fact, entrepreneurs are encouraged by the government to embrace commercial farming cum poultry farming and egg production. This is because part of the success of any nation is her ability to cultivate her own food and also export food to other nations of the world.

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to selling live layers and eggs all over the globe, which is why we decided to carry out thorough market research so as to know how to take advantage of the available market in the United States and in other parts of the world.

We have done our homework and we have been able to highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and reliable layer poultry farming and egg production processes that can help us sell our produce at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management.

Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the fact that we have healthy relationship with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in the industry; both suppliers of poultry feed, medications, buyers of live chickens and eggs within and outside of the United States of America.

We have some of the latest commercial poultry farming hatchery, tools and equipment that will help us raise layers and produce eggs in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in Houston – Texas in our payroll.

Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups commercial poultry farms and egg production companies in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives.

9. SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY

  • Sources of Income

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is in the poultry farms and egg production line of business for the purpose of maximizing profit hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives. Below are the sources we intend exploring to generate income for Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC;

10. Sales Forecast

From the survey conducted, we were able to discover that the sales generated by a commercial layer poultry farm and egg production business depends on the size of the poultry farm, the types of birds available in the poultry and of course the size of their marketing network.

We have perfected our sales and marketing strategies and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income/profits from the first year of operation, and build the business from survival to sustainability within the shortest period of time.

We have been able to critically examine the layer poultry farms and egg production business, we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.

  • First Fiscal Year-: $250,000
  • Second Fiscal Year-: $600,000
  • Third Fiscal Year-: $900,000

N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.

  • Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy

We are quite aware that the reason why some commercial poultry farms and egg production companies hardly make good profits is their inability to sell off their live chickens and eggs as at when due.

Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the poultry farming and egg production industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall business goal of Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC.

Over and above, we have perfected our sale and marketing strategies first by networking with agriculture merchants and businesses that rely on a daily supply of live chicken and eggs. In summary, Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC will adopt the following strategies in marketing our commercial farm produce;

  • Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stakeholders in the agriculture industry, grocery stores, households, hotels and restaurants and agriculture produce merchants’ et al.
  • Advertise our business in agriculture and food related magazines and websites
  • List our commercial layer poultry farms and egg production business on yellow pages ads
  • Attend related agriculture and food expos, seminars and business fairs et al
  • Leverage on the internet to promote our business
  • Engage in direct marketing
  • Encourage the use of Word of mouth marketing (referrals)

11. Publicity and Advertising Strategy

Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means (conventional and non – conventional) to advertise and promote the business. We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means.

We know that it is important to create strategies that will help us boost our brand awareness and to create a corporate identity for our commercial layer poultry farm and chicken egg production business. Below are the platforms we will leverage on to boost our commercial layer poultry farm brand and to promote and advertise our business;

  • Place adverts on community based newspapers, radio and TV stations
  • Encourage the use of word of mouth publicity from our loyal customers
  • Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Badoo, Google+ and other platforms to promote our business.
  • Ensure that our we position our banners and billboards in strategic positions all around Houston – Texas
  • Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas in and around our neighborhood
  • Contact corporate organizations, households, landlord associations and grocery stores by calling them up and informing them of Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC and the poultry produce we sell
  • Advertise our business in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site
  • Brand all our official cars and trucks and ensure that all our staff members and management staff wears our branded shirt or cap at regular intervals.

12. Our Pricing Strategy

If you want to get the right pricing for your live layer chicken and egg, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for your commercial layer poultry farm and chicken egg production business, choose a good breed of layers that will guarantee bountiful harvest (eggs), cut the cost of running your poultry farm to the barest minimum.

Of course, you should try as much as possible to attract buyers to your poultry farm as against taking your eggs and chickens to the market to source for buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminate the cost of transporting the goods to the market and other logistics.

We are quite aware that one of the easiest means of penetrating the market and acquiring loads of customers is to sell at competitive prices, hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our eggs and layers – chickens are going to be what other commercial layer poultry farmers would look towards beating.

One thing is certain; the nature of commercial layer poultry farming and egg production business makes it possible for layer poultry farmers to place prices for their eggs and live chickens based on their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry. The truth is that it is one of the means of avoiding running into a loss.

  • Payment Options

The payment policy adopted by Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is all inclusive because we are aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America. Here are the payment options that Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC will make available to her clients;

  • Payment via bank transfer
  • Payment with cash
  • Payment via credit cards/Point of Sale Machines (POS Machines)
  • Payment via online bank transfer
  • Payment via check
  • Payment via mobile money transfer
  • Payment via bank draft

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our clients make payments for our live chicken and eggs purchase without any stress on their part. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer for our chickens and eggs.

13. Startup Expenditure (Budget)

When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a commercial poultry farm , there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The different types of birds to be raised in a commercial poultry farm determine the total cost of setting up the business.

Besides, in setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting / leasing a big facility, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive.

This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business.

The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a commercial layer poultry farm and egg production business, it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money.

Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start-up capital in setting up our commercial layer poultry farm and egg production business;

  • The total fee for incorporating the business (commercial layer poultry farm) in United States of America – $750.
  • The amount needed to acquire/lease a farm land – $50,000
  • The amount required for preparing the farm land (poultry fencing et al) – $30,000
  • Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) – $3,300.
  • Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC in the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580
  • The total cost for hiring business consultant – $2,500
  • The total cost for payment of insurance policy covers (general liability, workers’ compensation and property casualty) at a total premium of – $9,400
  • The amount required for the purchase of the first set of layer chickens – $10,000
  • The cost for acquiring the required working tools and equipment/machines/hatchery et al – $50,000
  • Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $60,000
  • The cost of launching an official Website – $600
  • Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) – $2,000

Going by the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $500,000 to start a standard commercial layer poultry farm and chicken egg production business in the United States of America.

Generating Funds/Startup Capital for Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC

No matter how fantastic your business idea is, if you do not have the required money to finance the business, the business might not become a reality.

Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a business such as commercial layer poultry farm and egg production business. No doubt raising startup capital for a business might not come cheap, but it is a task that an entrepreneur must go through.

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is a family business that is solely owned and financed by Grace Milton and her immediate family members. They do not intend to welcome any external business partners, which is why she has decided to restrict the sourcing of the startup capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our startup capital;

  • Generate part of the startup capital from personal savings
  • Source for soft loans from family members and friends
  • Apply for loan from my Bank

N.B:  We have been able to generate about $150,000 (Personal savings $100,000 and soft loan from family members $50,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $350,000 from our bank. All the papers and documents have been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited with the amount.

14. Sustainability and Expansion Strategy

The future of a business lies in the number of loyal customers that they have, the capacity and competence of their employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be long before the business closes shop.

One of our major goals of starting Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running.

We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers is to retail our live layer – chickens and eggs a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while.

Grace Milton® Poultry Farms, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and retraining of our workforce is at the top burner.

We know that if this is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry, and they will be more committed to helping us build the business of our dreams.

Check List/Milestone

  • Business Name Availability Check: Completed
  • Business Registration: Completed
  • Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed
  • Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed
  • Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed
  • Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed
  • Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress
  • Application for business license and permit: Completed
  • Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed
  • Leasing of farm land and building of standard poultry (cages): In Progress
  • Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed
  • Generating capital from family members: Completed
  • Application for Loan from the bank: In Progress
  • Writing of Business Plan: Completed
  • Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed
  • Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress
  • Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed
  • Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging, Marketing/Promotional Materials: In Progress
  • Recruitment of employees: In Progress
  • Purchase of the needed hatcheries, creates, furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances and CCTV: In progress
  • Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress
  • Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the community: In Progress
  • Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured
  • Opening party/launching party planning: In Progress
  • Compilation of our list of products that will be available in our store: Completed
  • Establishing business relationship with vendors – key players in the industry: In Progress

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Poultry Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

poultry farm business plan

Poultry Farm Business Plan

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their poultry farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a poultry farm business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

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What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your poultry farm as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.

Why You Need a Business Plan

If you’re looking to start a poultry farm, or grow your existing poultry farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your poultry farm in order to improve your chances of success. Your poultry farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.

Sources of Funding for Poultry Farms

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a poultry farm are personal savings, credit cards, USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) loans, bank loans, and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and USDA FSA loans are the most common funding paths for poultry farm.

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How to write a business plan for a chicken farm.

If you want to start a poultry farm or expand your current one, you need a business plan. We detail each section of a traditional business plan for a poultry farming business.

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of poultry farm you are operating and its status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a poultry farm business that you would like to grow, or are you operating poultry farm businesses in multiple locations?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the poultry farm industry. Discuss the type of poultry farm you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.  

Company Analysis

In your company analysis, you will detail the type of poultry farm you are operating.

For example, you might operate one of the following types of poultry farms:

  • Breeder Farms : this type of poultry farm produces hatching eggs for delivery to the hatchery. After the 21 day incubation period, the hatchery then delivers the baby chicks to the broiler houses.
  • Broiler Farms: this type of farm produces a 2.5 lb. to 8 lb. bird in 4 to 8 weeks which is processed for various types of retail sale to consumers, grocery stores or fast food chains as whole birds, cut-up breast, wings, thigh, drumsticks, deboned breast meat, or further processed pieces.
  • Pullet Farms: this type of poultry farm produces pullets and roosters to be delivered to a breeder hen house at 20-22 weeks old when they are sexually mature to breed and lay eggs.

In addition to explaining the type of poultry farming business you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to question such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of chickens and/or turkeys produced, number of production contracts, etc.
  • Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.

Industry Analysis

In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the poultry farm industry.

While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the poultry farm industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.

Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.

The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your poultry farming business plan:

  • How big is the poultry farm industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your poultry farm business? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your target market.

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section of your poultry farming business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: processors, grocery stores, and restaurants.

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of poultry farm business you operate. Clearly, processors would respond to different marketing promotions than restaurants, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve. Because most poultry farm businesses primarily serve customers living in their same region, such demographic information is easy to find on government websites.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.

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Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other poultry farm businesses.

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes producers of other meat such as beef, pork, or fish, as well as producers of meat alternatives. You need to mention such competition as well.

With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other poultry farms with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be poultry farms located very close to your location.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What kinds of poultry do they produce (breeders, broilers, pullets)?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you use superior production methods?
  • Will you provide services that your competitors don’t offer?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.  

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a poultry farm business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:

Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of poultry farm company that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific products you will be offering. For example, in addition to traditional poultry, will you provide organic or cage-free poultry?

Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the products and services you offer and their prices.

Place : Place refers to the location of your poultry farm company. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your poultry farm located near a processing facility, near a transportation hub, etc. Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions : The final part of your poultry farm marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertising in trade papers and magazines
  • Reaching out to local agriculture extension offices
  • Social media marketing
  • Local radio advertising

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your poultry farm, including animal care / feeding, flock supervision, animal transportation, sourcing feed, etc.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to sign your 20th production contract, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your poultry farm to a new location.  

Management Team

To demonstrate your poultry farm’s ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.

Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing poultry farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing farms or successfully running small businesses.  

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.

Income Statement

An income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you supply 50 restaurants, or produce 2,000 birds for processing each month? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.

Balance Sheets

Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your poultry farming business, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.

Cash Flow Statement

Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.

In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a poultry farm business:

  • Location build-out including design fees, construction, etc.
  • Cost of equipment and supplies
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Taxes and permits
  • Legal expenses

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your farm title or lease, or blueprints of the production facility.  

Putting together a business plan for your poultry farm is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the poultry farm industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful poultry farming business.  

Poultry Farm Business Plan FAQs

What is the easiest way to complete my poultry farm business plan.

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Poultry Farm Business Plan.

What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of poultry farm business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a poultry farm business that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of poultry farm businesses?

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Starting Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF)

poultry egg farming business plan

The poultry egg farming business offers a compelling blend of financial stability, scalability, and sustainability that makes it a noteworthy pursuit. The allure of layers chicken farming business lies in its ability to provide a consistent stream of income. With layers chickens laying eggs prolifically throughout the year, the financial predictability this venture offers is unparalleled. But beyond that, the profitability margins in this business are good, making it not just a sustainable endeavor but a highly lucrative one. The demand for eggs has soared to unprecedented heights, making the layers chicken farming business an exceptionally attractive venture to explore. Eggs, a dietary staple for countless households worldwide, enjoy enduring popularity due to their nutritional value and versatile culinary applications. As the global population continues to grow and dietary preferences evolve towards healthier and protein-rich options, the demand for high-quality, locally-sourced eggs has surged. This robust and consistent demand ensures a ready market for layers chicken farmers, underlining the profitability and sustainability of this business in meeting the ever-increasing appetite for eggs.

It is important that you understand how to manage the layers egg production business well so as to be profitable. Each business has principles that need to be followed in order for it to be successful. You need to have sufficient knowledge about how to efficiently take care of the layer chickens as well as good business management skills plus a good poultry egg farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the layers egg production business, and the poultry egg farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

This article and business plan is about  poultry egg farming (egg production).  We also have articles and business plans for

Broiler Poultry Farming Business

Free Range Chicken Farming Business

Click the links above to go to the articles and business plans. 

Market Research

Before starting a layers chicken farming business, conducting thorough market research is an essential step that can greatly influence your success. Understanding the market dynamics, consumer demand, and competition in the poultry industry is crucial for making informed decisions and positioning your business for growth. Part of conducting comprehensive market research for your layers chicken farming business is gaining a deep understanding of the pricing dynamics within your target market. This involves not only knowing the prevailing market prices for eggs but also identifying potential customers, their ordering frequency, and the quantities they typically purchase. Identify your target market for layers chicken eggs. Are you planning to sell directly to consumers, local businesses, or wholesale to larger distributors? Determine the demographics, preferences, and purchasing behaviors of your potential customers.  Also determine the pricing strategy for your layers chicken eggs. Calculate your production costs, including feed, labor, and overhead expenses, to set competitive yet profitable prices. Consider pricing models that align with market demand and your business objectives, such as premium, value, or volume pricing.

Analyze the competitive landscape in your area. Who are your competitors, and what is their market share? What sets your layers chicken farming business apart from others? Investigate their pricing strategies, product quality, and customer satisfaction levels. This information can guide you in developing a competitive advantage and differentiating your business in the market. Examine the supply chain involved in the layers chicken farming industry, from sourcing chickens and feed to egg distribution. Identify potential suppliers and establish relationships with reliable partners. Understanding the supply chain can help you optimize your operations and ensure a steady flow of resources.

Land For Poultry Egg Production Business

When starting a poultry egg farm you need the right amount of land and proper housing for your birds. The size of your project will determine the size of the land you will need. You also have to consider transport networks – your layers farm should be easily accessible as you will regularly have to transport eggs to the market and deliver stock feeds to the poultry farm. Other factors to consider include labor costs – you should locate your farm where cheap labour is available so as to cut operational costs thus increasing profitability of the poultry egg farming business. The location should be secure and have reliable water supply as the layers chickens require water daily. An egg farm business should be located close to the target market as eggs will need to be regularly transported to the market. You should not  locate the poultry egg farming project close to rivers or streams as this may result in the pollution of water by chicken drops during rainfall periods.

Layers Deep Litter System Vs Battery Cage System

There are 2 main housing systems that are used for layers. These are the deep litter system and the battery cage system. The deep litter system is whereby the layer chickens stay on a cemented floor of the layer house. It’s called deep litter because you will have to spread litter/bedding on the floor to provide comfort for the layers chickens. The bedding is usually in the form of wood shavings and saw dusts. In the deep litter system, the feeders & drinkers will be placed on the floor or hanged at a level where the layers chickens can reach. The battery cage system is a way of raising layers chickens in cages. This is the most popular way of carrying out commercial egg laying business. One of the main advantages of the battery cage system is that it uses less space as compared to the deep litter system. Thus you can rear a large number of layers birds per unit area as compared to the deep litter system. The battery cage system also reduces feed wastage (in deep litter system birds can move around and spill feed), ensures easy stock take, makes it easier to identify layer birds which are not producing eggs, and reduces cannibalism and egg eating.

Management of the layers birds is easier in the cage system. Battery cages are usually equipped with nipple drinkers that supply water to the chickens automatically, which is convenient. Layers cage system requires less labour as compared to deep litter system, thus increasing profitability of the egg production business. Diseases spread faster in the deep litter system as compared to the layers cages system – this is because the layers cage system limits the movement of birds, and the layer birds do not come into contact with their droppings. The disadvantage of battery cage system in poultry egg farming business include : its capital intensive as the cages are expensive, the layers chickens can easily suffer from leg problems, cage fatigue, and increased deposition of fat in the body. The housing system that you use should be clearly stated in your layers poultry egg production business plan.

Layers Chickens Housing

You should provide good housing for the layers chickens so as to have a profitable egg production business. When you are planning to construct a layers egg chicken house, you have to select a site which is well-drained with plenty of natural air movement. Layers chickens cannot adjust well to temperature extremes, so it is very essential that the layers hens be housed, cared and provided with an environment that will enable them to produce eggs efficiently. The design and size of the layers chicken house is determined by the number of layers chickens being kept, the cost and the climatic condition of the area. It is essential to house layers chickens of the same age together. This is to prevent potential problems like high risk of continuous infection. It also allows the farmer to administer the right feeds and follow the right method of lighting for the layers chickens. Your housing for the layers chickens can be barns, layer cages, chicken runs, hutches or chicken coops. The housing should provide adequate space for the layers chickens, should have a good ventilation system, should protect the layers chickens from extreme weather conditions and predators. Light stimulates egg production in layers, so the housing should have access to sunlight or artificial lighting. Costs of constructing the housing should be included in the poultry egg production business plan.

Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan

Equipment for Layers Egg Production Business

The equipment you need will be determined by the kind of system you choose to use, whether it is deep litter system or a cage system. The required equipment include feeders, drinkers, lighting system, chicken layer nests and waste disposal system. If you choose the cage system, make sure that you invest in layer cages that already have laying nests, feeders, and drinkers. For drinking, the nipple drinkers are worth the investment for the chicken cage. You can also consider using tanks, water regulators and pipes together with the drinking nipples for a complete drinking system. You should also choose the right chicken feeder trough to save on chicken feed – some chicken feeders have bad design which leads to wastage of feed.

The other equipment that may be required includes sprinklers, a moisture meter, vaccinator and eggs transportation trays to name a few. You should also invest in manure cleaning equipment especially if you keep the chickens in barns or chicken runs. Wet chicken manure leads to a high concentration of ammonia, which is bad for your hens’ respiratory system and eyes. As such, ensure that you regularly clean the barn or wherever you decide to keep the layers chickens. Take note that organic manure is great for your garden and some people sell it to crop growers. If you use a battery cage or chicken cage, you can save yourself space and the chickens can be separated from the manure. The layer farming business plan should take into account the costs of purchasing the equipment.

Point of Lay Chickens vs Layer Chicks

When investing in a poultry egg production business, you will have to make a choice between starting with day old layer chicks or point of lay birds. Point of layer chickens are young layers hens that are about to start laying eggs – they start to lay eggs at about 19 weeks of age. You can purchase day old layer chicks and feed them until they are 19 weeks old then they will start laying eggs – this means that you will have to wait for about 5 months before getting any revenue. So it may be best to invest in point of lay chickens since they are ready to start laying eggs – thus your layers egg production business can immediately start generating revenue with no waiting time. Take note of the risks when purchasing point of lay chickens. Make sure that the chickens are of high quality because you may end up spending too much money on layers with low egg production numbers. Some of the ways you can tell if point of lay chickens are of good quality is by observing the birds. Healthy birds are lively, with no forms of injuries and they respond well to feeding.

Whatever you decide to start with make sure that you buy your day old chicks or point of lay chickens from a reliable accredited hatchery where the parent stock is well managed. Layers chickens from different hatcheries vary significantly in terms of their quality and it will determine the success of your poultry egg farming business. If you buy point of lay chickens which are not well vaccinated, the layer chickens will have a low rate of egg production and a very high mortality rate. This will obviously lead to a financial loss for your layers chicken farming business.

When deciding whether to buy day old chicks or chicken layer eggs consider your level of experience raising chickens in addition to your available resources. If you have the capital as well as some experience raising day old chicks you can start rearing day old chicks. However, if your resources are limited you may want to consider starting with point of lay chickens. Make sure that you consider the vaccination history and age of the point of lay chickens. Many breeders will claim that the chickens have been vaccinated but that may not be the case. So, you must avoid buying point of lay chickens or even day old chicks from unreliable hatcheries. The costs of purchasing the point of lay birds or layers chicks should be included in the layers egg production business plan.

Layers Feeds

When it comes to feeding your layer chickens consider using a complete feed from a recognized feed store. Complete feeds provide your birds with a nutritionally balanced diet. In addition to the feed you provide your chickens, you can also supplement the layer chickens with scratch grains, table scraps and clippings. Scratch grains are low in protein and high in energy and fiber, but this is based on the grains you use. When you feed your layer chickens with scratch grains together with complete feeds, it helps dilute the nutrition levels in the carefully formulated diets. You can also feed your layer chickens table scraps such as peelings, stale bread, and leafy vegetables. Just make sure that the scraps are not rotten to prevent botulism. You can add clippings such as pasture or tender plants. Feeding your layer chickens well will give you higher laying rates, better persistency and a longer production cycle, thus increasing the profitability of your egg production business.

To produce a high number of eggs, the layer chickens must get adequate feed. Hens need plenty of calcium in their diets to lay eggs with hard, strong shells. The feed for layers chickens is called Layers Mash. The mash is specially formulated to provide all the nutrients they need in the correct quantities. Feed must be available in the trough at all times, as well as cool, fresh water in the bottles. On average, each laying hen requires 100g-120g of feed every day. The aim of the egg producer is to convert a given amount of feed into as many eggs as possible. It is very important to give the layers the right feeds, and the right quantities, so that they grow well and have a high egg production rate. The poultry egg farming business plan should take into account the costs of the layers feeds. 

Business Model

There are two primary options for starting the layers egg farming business: one can either begin with day-old chicks or opt for point-of-lay chickens. The key cost components of this business revolve around acquiring the chicks or point-of-lay chickens and providing them with feed. For day-old chicks, an essential aspect of the operation is raising them to maturity, typically up to 21 weeks of age when they start laying eggs. In contrast, point-of-lay chickens are already at the egg-laying stage upon acquisition, requiring you to provide them with food and water, after which they will consistently lay eggs. The revenue generated from selling these eggs significantly surpasses the input costs and operational expenses, leading to a healthy profit margin. What sets this business model apart is the consistent egg production throughout the year, ensuring a steady stream of income. The layers chickens can continue laying eggs for a period of up to 18 months. After this period, you have the opportunity to sell them, generating additional revenue. To maintain the sustainability of your layers chicken farming business, it’s necessary to replace the flock with a new batch of chicks or point-of-lay chickens. This cyclical process allows you to rejuvenate your flock, ensuring continuous egg production and income generation.

Whether you choose day-old chicks or point-of-lay chickens as your starting point, the layers’ ability to lay eggs consistently becomes the cornerstone of profitability in this business. This steady egg production provides a reliable source of income, offering financial stability for the layers chicken farming venture. By carefully managing the inputs, primarily feed and water, and maintaining the health and well-being of your chickens, you can maximize the production of high-quality eggs, ultimately contributing to the long-term success and sustainability of your layers chicken farming business.

Management and Labour

The number of farm workers you need will depend on the size of your poultry egg production project and your layer hosing system. Battery cage system requires less labour as compared to the deep litter system. If you are operating a small poultry egg farming business e.g. 100 birds, you and your family may be enough to take care of the birds. However if you are keeping 2000 chickens for egg production, then you will need full time employees to manage the poultry farm.  There is need for good technical knowledge of poultry egg production techniques for success in the business, and good management skills. The salaries and wages of your employees should be included in your poultry egg production business plan.

The amount of capital required for the poultry egg production business depends on the scale of the project. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your poultry egg farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good poultry egg farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Egg production business is very profitable. If you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow.

Marketing Plan

Layers are mainly reared for egg production. There are also possibilities of selling them as off-layers for meat. They can also be sold as layers to other farmers. That is why some of the core customer segments are consumers in general, traders, retailers, and farmers. Marketing of layers must be targeted to the intended prospects. Some of the most strategic targets are bulk clients. Examples are supermarkets, shops, hotels, and restaurants. Marketing to them can entail approaching them with a proposal to become their supplier. Another strategy is to participate at local farmers’ markets. The thrust is to capture customers who purchase in bulk, regularly. If that is achieved it will minimize marketing and logistical costs as well. The heart of the marketing plan must be centered on digital marketing. This includes content marketing via a website, social media, online marketplaces, and email marketing, amongst others. There are countless marketing opportunities on online platforms.  This means you should have professionally designed and detailed e-fliers that you use on social media. Effective marketing of layers must skirt middlemen in order to deal directly with paying customers.

Market for Poultry Eggs

The demand for eggs is very high. Over 82 million tonnes of eggs is consumed globally annually. That’s a lot! Eggs are considered an alternative cheap source of proteins. Almost every household consumes boiled/fried eggs. Increasing protein consumption and rising incomes drive consumption of eggs.   Around the world, consumption of eggs is on the increase. This increase is particularly notable in developing countries where changing diets have people consuming a greater number of calories from protein sources like poultry meat and eggs. You can supply your eggs to individual households, supermarkets / grocery shops, wholesalers, schools, restaurants, companies, organizations, events etc.

Chicken egg production business plan pdf

Advantages of Layers Egg Farming Business

Starting a layers chicken farming business offers numerous advantages that make it an attractive venture for entrepreneurs and farmers alike. One of the most significant benefits is the assurance of a steady and consistent income. Layers chickens are prolific egg producers, capable of laying eggs throughout the year, providing a reliable source of revenue that allows for effective financial planning. This consistency in egg production ensures that the business remains profitable even during economic downturns, providing a sense of financial security.

Moreover, the layers chicken farming business boasts good profit margins. Eggs are a staple food item with a consistent demand in both urban and rural markets. When managed efficiently, this business can yield substantial profits. Controlling production costs and optimizing operational processes are key to enhancing profitability. The affordability of starting a layers chicken farm is another advantage, making it accessible to a wide range of individuals and entrepreneurs.

Furthermore, layers chicken farming offers scalability, allowing you to tailor the business to your specific goals and resources. Whether you’re starting on a small scale for personal consumption or aiming for large-scale commercial production, the flexibility of this business ensures that you can expand or contract as needed. Additionally, it presents an opportunity for skill development, as running a layers chicken farming business provides valuable experience in animal husbandry, business management, and marketing. Overall, the layers chicken farming business is an enticing prospect for those seeking a sustainable and profitable agricultural endeavor.

Why You Need a Layers Chicken Farming Business Plan

A well-structured business plan for a layers egg production business is instrumental in helping you understand its profitability. It serves as a financial compass, providing insights into revenue projections, operational costs, and overall financial viability. By meticulously outlining factors such as egg production rates, feed expenses, labor costs, and market prices, a business plan allows you to assess the potential profitability of your venture. Furthermore, it helps you identify critical factors that can affect profitability. Armed with this knowledge, you can proactively strategize to maximize profitability, mitigate risks, and make informed decisions to ensure the long-term success of your layers egg production business. A business plan is a financial roadmap, outlining your startup costs, operational expenses, revenue projections, and potential profitability. Having a clear financial roadmap helps you secure funding, make informed financial decisions, and mitigate financial risks. If you need financial support to start or expand your layers chicken farming business, a well-structured business plan is essential for attracting investors, lenders, or potential partners. It demonstrates your commitment, professionalism, and the potential for a return on investment.

Your business plan outlines the day-to-day operations of your layers chicken farm, detailing how you will manage tasks such as feeding, housing, and disease control. Having these operational procedures documented promotes efficiency and helps you troubleshoot potential challenges. Furthermore, a business plan encourages you to identify potential risks and challenges that may arise during the course of your layers chicken farming business. By acknowledging these risks upfront, you can develop strategies to mitigate them, enhancing your ability to adapt to unexpected situations.

Pre-Written Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the poultry egg farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the poultry egg production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the business, how to keep the layers, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your layers egg production business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the poultry egg farming business.

Uses of the Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The Chicken egg production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your egg production business
  • As a project/business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the poultry egg farming business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Poultry Layers Egg Production Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep and rear the layers, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in poultry egg farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your poultry egg production business

The Pre-written Layers Egg Farming Business Plan package consist of 4 files:

  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 71 Pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 71 Pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 38 pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of layers, selling price of  the eggs etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Poultry Egg Production Business Plan (PDF)

Poultry Egg Production Business Plan PDF

Testimonial 1

StartupBiz Global provided a very professional and comprehensive business plan which I used for my business. The business plan was easy to edit, and I was able to get the funding which I wanted. I highly recommend their business plans.

Testimonial 7

I found Startupbiz Global online when I was in desperate need of a business plan. I was overwhelmed by the quality of the business plan, it’s comprehensive and well researched! I did not have to wait to get the business plan, I got it instantly after payment. I highly recommend Startupbiz Global, and would happily use them again in the future.

Testimonial 5

I was able to understand the business side of farming because of your business plan. You did extensive research; the business plan was well prepared and fully detailed.  It made everything clear, and I have somewhere to start now. I am confident that I am going to succeed in my business because of the guidance from your business plan.

Testimonial 6

I purchased a business plan from you, and I’m glad to inform you that I was able to get my loan, and I’m starting my poultry farming business on the 1 st of July. This was made possible because of your business plan. Thank you very much, you made my dream come true.

Testimonial 4

The business plan which I purchased from your website saved me TIME and MONEY! The layout of the business plan was excellent. The financial statements were detailed and easy for me to edit. I will come back to purchase another business plan soon.

Testimonial 8

Just wanted to say I am very happy with the business plan and I will gladly recommend your products, thank you very much and have a great day.

Testimonial 3

I was extremely lucky to come across StartupBiz Global. Their business plan exceeded my expectations, and most importantly I was able to secure a loan from my bank. Thank you guys, now my dreams are coming true!

Testimonial 2

Many thanks for your incredibly efficient service and thorough business plan. I am very impressed with the business plan. Before I bought the business plan, I tried to do my own business plan – it was such a nightmare and it turned out badly, also not to mention the stress it caused me. I wish I knew about your website earlier!

Get the Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now  below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

Buy Now

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once then click here: Business Plans Store.

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.

We wish you the best in your poultry egg farming business! Check out our collection of business plans  , and more business ideas .

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PoultryCare

How to Start a Layer Chicken Farming Business for Egg Production?

Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are such a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They remain laying eggs continuously till their 72-78 weeks of age. They can produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of food during their egg laying period.

Benefits of Layer Farming

  • It requires less investment compared to rearing other livestock. While chicken will start laying eggs in 8 to 10 weeks, broilers can be sold after 6 weeks by which time they would have grown to 1.25 kg weight.
  • It gives rapid return on investment. Chicken start laying eggs in 8 to 10 weeks and broilers can be sold for meat between 6 and 10 weeks. The interval between generations is very small and hence, production can be phenomenally increased within a short period.
  • Broilers intake of feed is comparatively very low while it produces maximum possible amount of food for us.

Egg Production for Layer Poultry Farming

Egg production from a Layer Poultry Farming depends on the care and farm management.

Within the first 20 weeks of age, about 5% of hens start laying eggs. About 10% birds start laying at their 21 weeks of age.

Business planforPoultry farming

  • Production of eggs, which is also called a layer breeding.
  • Production of meat which is also called broiler breeding.
  • Production of feed of poultry .
  • Manufacture of the equipment required in poultry .
  • Processing of eggs and meat.
  • Packaging and marketing the eggs and meat.

What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan is a roadmap for yoursmall farm. It is both process and product. During the writing of a farm business plan, you'll develop an overall vision and mission for your business. You will think about your short- and long-term goals. You'll define the steps needed to achieve those goals. You'll set the direction for your business to develop over the next five years.

The goals in your business plan are the specific, measurable “things” you will achieve with your small farm. Short-term goals are defined as those that you will complete within one year. Long-term goals are those that take longer than one year to complete.

SMART Goals are:

  • Rewarding, and have a

Farm Strategy

This is where your business plan gets to looking forward. You are going to formulate your farm strategy from now into the next five years or so.

  • Gather information and research markets. Make sure that your farm plan fits into the general market in terms of supply and demand. Investigate and analyze industry trends, identify competitors, and define buyers.
  • SWOT Analysis. This is an analytical tool that can be used in making decisions. SWOT stands for: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. As a business, analyze your internal strengths and weaknesses. Then look externally at what opportunities and threats exist - competitors, new markets, government regulations, economic conditions, and so forth.
  • Create alternative strategies. Looking at the information you've gleaned and the analysis you just did, think through options for your farm strategy. Don't rely on price alone; economies of scale are challenging on the small farm level.
  • Don't jump to one conclusion immediately. Really spend some time fleshing out the specifics of some of the strategies and looking at their advantages and disadvantages. Try to find options that combine your internal strengths with opportunities in the external environment.
  • Look at all your strategies, then reread your mission statement. The ideal farm plan will fit your mission best.
  • Write an implementation plan. This is where you write a plan that will make your new strategy happen.

Marketing Strategy and Plan

In the next part of your farm business plan, you develop and outline a marketing strategy for your products and services. This can build on the research you did in the previous step. For each product, include ​the price, placement, and promotion ideas. Consider how you will convey real and perceived value to your customers.

Management Summary

This part of your business plan details your farm business’ structure. Everyone who is involved in the management of the business should be listed here. External resources are listed here as well.

Financial Analysis

In this section, you will need to detail the financial aspect of your farming operation. List your current finances in detail, including all income and operating expenses. Referring to your new strategy, you will forecast what is needed for future growth and to meet the goals you have outlined in terms of capital. Include what your future operating expenses will be.

Pulling It All Together

Writing a farm business plan is a big project. Don’t let that put you off. Your plan can be as simple as it needs to be for right now. Begin with your mission statement and goals. Do your homework by analyzing markets and researching competitors and trends. Have fun brainstorming alternative strategies and let them marinate a while. Take it one step at a time.

Be part of our Mission

We at PoultryCare, working on the mission to construct a technology ecosystem for the poultry industry that unites all stakeholders democratically, fostering connectivity and collaboration across the sector.

Related Posts

Ai and robotics: shaping the future of layer farming, innovations in layer farming automation: a glimpse into the future, from famous to feathered: the star-studded world of celebrity layer farmers, achieve celebrity-grade egg production: transforming your layer farm with poultryerp, egg-clusive celebrity henhouses: a glimpse into the glamour of egg farming, smart feeding: enhancing layer farm productivity with ai, join with our whatsapp channel for daily poultry tips click here.

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The Big Book Project

The Big Book Project

Agribusiness Training & Startup Tools

Poultry Business Blueprint: How to Plan, Launch, and Grow a Profitable Poultry Farm

Last updated on November 15, 2021 by Temi Cole Leave a Comment

Poultry Farming Business Modelling for Project Report

I’m about to share with you my 15-point blueprint for writing a winning poultry farming business plan.

(Step-by-step.)

The best part?

You’re going to get linked to LOTS of business planning resources including real-life case studies within these steps.

Let’s take a look together…

  • Step #1: Get ‘The Most Complete’ Poultry Farming Business Plan Template
  • Step #2: Download “The Poultry Farm Business Plan Analysis Playbook”

Step #3: Download Poultry Plan It (eBook)

Step #4: download poultry project reporter 2.0 – insider’s guide, step #5: download sample poultry plan data, step #6: use business management templates (keep sheet).

  • Step #7: Download Business Records for Poultry Keepers eBook (USDA Bulletin 1614)

Step #8: Subscribe To Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 (Fill-In-The-Gap PDF Builder) Software

Step #9: download zero debt: poultry farming business plan (2021) pdf ebook, step #10: download grow agribusiness faster classes, step #11: download poultry project hub pdf ebook, step #12: take the poultry farmer’s business quiz, step #13: download poultry project planning toolkit ebook v.1, step #14: download poultry business start-up: recommended digital tools of the trade, step #15: get a 1-to-1 poultry farming business planning review, step #1: get the best poultry farming business plan template.

A poultry farming business plan template is usually the no.1 request I get asked for as the author of The Big Book Project.

Emails like this are a good example:

poultry farming business plan for layers

Up until now, it’s been an obvious MISS as part of The Big Book Project…

…ready-made business planning consultancy for the beginner.

I always had it in mind to plug in the gap.

It’s in me to do.

With the experience of 10+ years serving start-up entrepreneurs with strategic business planning consultancy…there are countless benefits to offer here.

However, I didn’t want to rush.

I wanted the solution I delivered to ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. And be handed over in a way that is:

poultry farming business plan for layers

Write Your Poultry Business Plan - in Just 90 Mins!

Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 - fastest way to write your project report online.

  • self-explanatory
  • self-driven

…the more flexible, yet comprehensive the planning materials are – the easier they will be to use and act on.

( And business does come down to action at the last .)

The Ultimate Poultry Farming Business Planning Template

My first step was to construct what I consider to be the most complete poultry farming business plan template possible.

The kind of thing that covers both bases of:

  • helping to provide clarity to your thoughts for rolling out a successful poultry business launch
  • communicating an attractive proposal to potential stakeholders and investors

Pouring in over 50,000+ hours of strategic business consulting experience which spans:

  • global best practice insights and technology
  • corporate currency exchange
  • project management
  • financial advisor and stockbroker
  • freelance business management advisor

…I decided upon the following outline template:

Executive Summary

What is the business?

Why is it needed?

How will it deliver?

What are the financial rewards of investment?

Industry Analysis

Industry snapshot

SWOT & PESTLE (situational) analysis

Competitive forces

Vision & Mission Statement

Key function

Aspect of life

Product type

Scope and audience

Principles & promise

Feel good and standards

Poultry farm slogan

Competitive Analysis

Products and services

Marketing and sales

Key strengths

Marketing Strategy

Physical evidence

Leadership team

Professional profile

Financial Plan

Profit and loss

Balance sheet

Labour budget

Key performance indicators (KPIs)

It’s 38-parts that together spell out every critical element of poultry business success.

You simply won’t find a more comprehensive effort to fully load a poultry farming business plan with ALL ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS.

Want a breakdown of what each part really contains?

That’s EXACTLY what’s up next…

Step #2: Download The Poultry Farm Business Plan Analysis Playbook

As shared above, I’ve taken the time to draft what I am absolutely certain is THE market leading poultry farming business plan template – FULL STOP.

It’s got it all.

But what about the detail? And how should it be used?

Business planning analysis: the KEY to using my business plan template – like a PRO

Like so many business planning template solutions out there like bPlans, for example, they do a good job of setting a solid format, BUT…

…where they FALL SHORT is in giving you some real-life examples of how to APPLY the template .

In other words,

Most business planning tools out there don’t give you examples of how real poultry businesses measure up with the tool.

And because of this, those other planning tools leave you GUESSING what to do with it.

So you end up using it as a first-time pupil uses an exercise book:

Unskillfully and regrettably (“…don’t want to go back there again if I can help it…”).

When actually, what you NEED is a dynamic, “can’t put it down”, interactive ACTION plan – with bite.

…this is the reason I wrote this series of poultry farming business planning analyses.

Here’s what my business plan analysis will do for you…

To take all the guesswork and wandering out of planning your poultry business.

And to show you EXACTLY HOW a real-life poultry start-up success story marries up with my winning business planning formula…

…giving expert insight into how BEST to use the template to plan your own success.

The result?

(Way much better than just templates or homework…)

poultry farming business plan for layers

Step-by-step,   proven insights of what REALLY works and why in every step of writing your own poultry business plan.

= 1st rate consultancy & on-the-shoulder advice – at your own pace ( & at only a fraction of the price ).

You can access The Poultry Farming Business Plan Analysis Playbook here (Downloadable PDF version is available to paid subscribers )

So, why is an eBook the IDEAL partner to helping your write your poultry farming business plan?

(I’m glad you asked!)

Poultry Plan It: the blueprint to winning investment for your poultry business

Rather than present you with empty template boxes to fill out (which – let’s face it – offers zero value, both to you and potential investors)…

…instead,

My eBook called, Poultry Plan It – shows you EXACTLY how to:

  • skillfully deliver and
  • expertly pitch

…your poultry business plan to achieve 1 thing:

To Win Investment .

(Simple. My eBook “Poultry Plan It” shows you how to get investors to take your poultry business seriously .)

Snapshot of a PDF with Executive Summary Templates

Read The Poultry Business - Like Never Before!

Chicken Snippets Newsletter - deep poultry analysis to sharpen your acumen, by email.

Does this eBook sound like what you need?

Try the first chapter called “ Poultry Plan It: Executive Summary ” right here .

Want to unlock the whole eBook as PDF download?

Become a paid subscriber and get “ Poultry Plan It ” by instant PDF download .

Have you ever wanted to see:

…how the financial PROs estimate future poultry investment returns?

…which poultry production models generate the most profit?

(I mean REALLY SEE?)

Then the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0: Insider’s Guide was written just for you.

Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide: the ‘grain-by-grain’ financial analysis EVERY poultry business plan needs

I wrote the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide for two pressing reasons:

  • …to plug in the gap of a general lack of ‘detailed, long hand’ financial poultry business calculations available online to help with planning profits.
  • …a ‘case study based’ user guide for license holders of my proprietary software ‘Poultry Project Reporter’ – to find out ALL the inside hints and tips for producing rock solid financial projections.

Here’s a quick snippet of the level of breakdown I provide:

poultry farming business plan for layers

…literally, grain-by-grain, high precision detail.

BUT at the same time super simple to follow.

(With lots of visual content to really help you ‘get the picture’.)

Want to hear it from a reader?

poultry farming business plan for layers

This feedback email was sent by a start-up poultry farmer.

He emailed me within minutes of receiving a mailshot of a FREE chapter from the Insider’s Guide.

So what’s actually ‘ inside ‘ the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide?

A great question.

poultry farming business plan for layers

Here’s what you get:

Totally comprehensive and also a great handbook to accompany my proprietary software Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 .

Want to grab a copy of the PPR 2.0: Insider’s Guide?

Become a paid subscriber today and instantly get the inside track on financial planning for your poultry farm business.

Have a read of this:

poultry farming business plan for layers

…and there are many more requests like this in my inbox.

It seems when it comes to business planning help, poultry farmers and professionals alike are interested in scanning sample data too.

( Not just templates )

Sample papers: a GREAT way for self-assessing if your business plan is up to scratch

If you ask me, examples are without doubt the BEST way to learn.

Whenever I’m looking to work out a business model I always look for working models that already exist.

Never contrived or manufactured formulas.

As an adult, I don’t like to be spoon-fed. I learn best when I’m left a little room to figure things out myself.

Let’s take it back to class…

…why are past exam papers and examiner notes such a popular revision method?

SELF-ASSESSMENT.

(i.e. finding out for yourself how you measure up against standard.)

My preferred method of advanced learning.

And I don’t think I am alone in this.

This is exactly why I put together these sample poultry farming data plans – both layer and broiler models.

I left out any country bias, so these are a universal fit to any and every economy.

What do the samples contain?

There are 2 typical planning problems that these plans are designed to solve:

  • Input and output VARIABLES,
  • related to the SCALE and MODEL of your farm.

poultry farming business plan for layers

Master The Poultry Business - Like a Pro!

Poultry Courses Online - most actionable and interactive online poultry course.

In other words, these samples are shortcuts or crib notes for literally telling you if your planning progress is:

  • en-route for success, or;
  • taking a wrong turn .

I’ve arranged the samples according to the following attributes :

Broiler farming rearing models

  • All-In-All-Out

Layer farming rearing models

Input/Output variable

  • Feed consumption
  • Production (meat or eggs)
  • Broiler by product

These lists above are like ingredients to prescribed recipes.

Or, elements of an equation for solving a problem.

Mix them together in the right order and you answer critical questions within your poultry farm business plan.

Want an example?

The sample plans above will answer questions like,

“How much manure will a 2,000 bird broiler farm produce annually over 6 years, using the 4+1 rearing method?” Or, “How many eggs will a 5,000 layer farm produce annually over 6 years, using the 1+2 rearing method?”

Simply pull the relevant data set and immediately land your finger on the answer.

A convenient ‘plug-in’ to EVERY poultry farming business plan

Would you like a free sample?

Click on this link for a free egg production dataset for a 500-bird layer farm using 1+3 rearing system .

Now, are you ready for EVERYTHING?

Become a paid subscriber to gain instant access to ALL current sample plans PLUS future updates.

Another short falling of traditional business planning templates is that they are  start-up focused .

It makes the value gained from them short-lived.

Think of it this way…

When you’ve finally launched your business, that’s just the beginning and not the end.

At the very least, you should have another 6 years on top of actually running your business.

If your templates are ONLY valid for start-up,

Then what do you use to keep your ongoing plans in order ?

Crush investment risk with my business management templates

Arguably, running the business is a far more risky phase of investment – most of all because now you have made a material commitment.

Therefore, you carry the potential of loss.

And business management also just happens to be the most challenging discipline to hold.

Because you’ve got SO MUCH going on all at the same time.

And staying organised becomes more and more difficult with every day that goes by.

CHAOS costs …

  • you lose foresight, you lose track of progress and ultimately you lose money.

ORGANISATION profits …

you gain vision, you gain awareness and ultimately make money.

Business Management Templates

These templates are designed to help you stay on top.

poultry farming business plan for layers

What’s included?

poultry farming business plan for layers

Advance Your Poultry Project - Into Maximum Profits!

Advanced Poultry Pickup - hands-on, 1-to-1 poultry business consultancy - anywhere.

Download the ‘Keep Sheet’ for future reference.

Want to start making business management plans?

Become a paid subscriber and access this suite of business management templates today.

Step #7: Download Business Records for Poultry Keepers eBook

This is a USDA eBook (United States Department of Agriculture – Farmers’ Bulletin 1614) from 1929.

(That’s right – it’s almost 100 years old!)

But testament to ‘things done well’…

…this evergreen piece of invaluable financial coaching for poultry farmers still holds true today, as when it was 1st published.

Business Records for Poultry Keepers: “Simply…DON’T attempt to write your poultry business plan without it.”

The motto of the eBook? “It literally pays for poultry farmers to keep records of current operations to guide their efforts in profitable directions.” In fact the book gives the following 6 great   reasons why you need this download : (1) “… reduce the guesswork in poultry farming by helping the farmer to determine the actual reasons for poultry profits and losses,” (2) “… show the relative efficiency of different methods of production and marketing,” (3) “…make it possible for a poultry keeper to compare his results with published information (benchmark) on many poultrymen’s problems,” (4) “… show the financial progress a poultry keeper has made in his business,” (5) “… furnish information for credit statements when funds are borrowed,” (6) “… help to prevent disputes by serving as a check on business dealings.”

What is included in this eBook?

Business Records for Poultry Keepers

poultry farming business plan for layers

  • Usefulness of poultry records
  • Receipts and expenses
  • Egg-production record
  • Labor record
  • Sales records
  • Records of eggs and poultry for household use
  • Pen records
  • Incubation and hatching records
  • Diary or notes on management
  • Making use of the records 

Want to pick up a copy?

Download the eBook here.

When I began writing The Big Book Project, I had one goal in mind:

To demystify investment proposal writing for start-up farmers.

poultry farming business plan for layers

By trawling the endless blog posts and comments in the small agribiz space online,

It became clear that MANY of us have the ambition to start up.

  • see borrowing as the only root
  • underestimate their business plan as just a means of getting a loan
  • grossly misunderstand how to model production to make a profit

…and I desperately wanted to change turn this on its head.

Only, I made up my mind that I wasn’t going to go the traditional consulting route .

  • Too expensive
  • VERY limited
  • Anti self-sufficiency ( clients grow dependant )

So, what were the alternatives to consulting?

  • Perhaps, author a book
  • Develop a proprietary software
  • Run online courses

…these were just a few.

Then after extensive research and thinking things through…

…I settled for all 3 of the above alternatives, wrapped up into one package:

A book, plus bespoke software and an online course.

Enter: The Big Book Project

The Big Book Project ( https://thebigbookproject.org )

  • An online eBook – pushed by a blog.
  • A spin-off digital business planning tool called Poultry Project Reporter.
  • And an online poultry farming course called Advanced Poultry Pick-Up.

In 2 years only,

the blog amassed 170,094 new search engine visitors  alone

poultry farming business plan for layers

PLUS , a little over 8,000 newsletter subscribers too.

Mission accomplished.

(Well, almost – “… but what about that software? “)

Actually, one of the most popular enquiries received through my blog is for help writing poultry business proposals .

With all the best intentions in the world, there’s just not enough of me to go around the entire subscriber base giving out 1-to-1 proposal writing help.

So, I did the next best thing.

I made my advice automated (with the help of some handy digital tools) and wrote it one time only.

The result was Poultry Project Reporter and now we have just launched version 2.

What is Poultry Project Reporter 2.0?

Poultry Project Reporter 2.0: the fastest way of writing a professional poultry farming proposal

If you are looking to write a watertight poultry business proposal,

Then this Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 is a solid investment for you.

Here’s why:

poultry farming business plan for layers

Essentially, all you have to do is type in your data into the input field and then leave the publishing (complete with PDF download) – even the calculations to PPR 2.0

Are you ready to take a closer look at Poultry Project Reporter? Take a look at the dedicated Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 website

Poultry farming as a topic is MASSIVE worldwide.

It seems, when it comes to the subject matter of poultry farming, every country is both ‘ stalking it ‘ and ‘ talking it ‘ online.

poultry farming business plan for layers

These stats from my blog above tell the tale of poultry farming and its popularity. It literally reaches every country in the world .

And despite all this talk about poultry farming business plans…

…I find a large percentage of the ‘audience’ has no capital funding availability (whether saved or borrowed) . Of course, this is totally natural and a reality for the majority, AND if you ask me a great ADVANTAGE.

Take this reader of my blog:

poultry farming business plan for layers

It seems many see a lack of capital as a barrier to entry when it comes to layer or broiler farming.

“But who said anything about needing significant capital to start up a profitable poultry business ?”

One of the BIGGEST attractions to poultry farming surely is the LOW BARRIER to entry , LOW SETUP costs and yet HIGH profitability and cash flow potential.

But as with many theories, I suppose it remains ‘up in the air (talked about)’ until someone makes it tangible…material…possible.

This is the principle that encouraged me to step up to the plate in an attempt to ‘bat out of the park’ all doubt surrounding it…

…and finally, answer the question:

Can you start up a poultry farm with zero capital?

Yes, you can start a poultry farm with no available capital.

Here’s how…

Zero Debt Poultry Farming: the MOST REWARDING way to start, scale and establish a leading egg or chicken business

In my line of work as a consultant (professional problem solver) – the one discipline that keeps my craft alive is RESEARCH.

And as such, I come across all kinds of neat fixes that may not be for the time I find them,

But are bound to come in handy some time.

So, much like a handyman or craftsman, not wanting to let anything go that could be of use,

I end up keeping a stash of these in a ‘kind of’ strategic toolbox.

When enough time passes by whilst researching related topics,

I get enough of a head of steam to begin compiling an eBook.

This is my process.

And using this I wrote ‘ Zero Debt Poultry: Business Startup Plan ‘.

poultry farming business plan for layers

It’s a strategic playbook and secret formula for how (with no borrowings or savings) you:

  • turn your poultry startup idea into a market-leading farming enterprise
  • BEFORE you yield your 1st egg or carcass .

Want the PDF download?

Become a paid subscriber today and download Zero Debt Poultry Business Startup Plan .

I had to refrain from using the phrase, “Masterclasses”…a bit presumptuous for my liking.

Aren’t we always needing to ‘add on’ – even after many years of experience? Are ever really the finished article?

Whatever your answer to those questions is,

I do think what is indisputable is the benefit of someone else’s EXPERIENCE when you don’t have any…

… experience saves loss …

…loss of:

…and in the case of business startup, the benefit of experience in some critical areas can be the difference between success and failure.

And where so much is riding on you making it work,

Getting the right experience is HIGHLY valued.

Equally, identifying the most advantageous area of learning carries importance.

So, what area of learning would you say has the most impact on farming success?

According to this study , ‘ Farm Business Management Skills a Missing Link For Smallholder Farmers: A Case Of Malingunde, Malawi ‘ (European Journal of Business and Innovation Research 2016): Just one of many studies which declare a link between business management discipline and better economic output . Other quotes from the study bear reference to previous works: “Generally, management is a human responsibility and skill that drives economic activities and development ( Oghojafor et al, 2012 ).” “Smallholder farmers need to be better equipped with business management skills if they are to play a central role in improving agricultural productivity ( Mohit, 2012 ).”

So, there you have it – business management is the most influential skill set you could acquire for succeeding with your poultry startup.

But is there really a shortage of business management material on the internet?

Not according to Google,

poultry farming business plan for layers

As you can see above, it took Google 0.6 seconds to return almost 6 BILLION results for the search term ‘business management’.

That’s a FLOOD of management content.

But…I ask:

  • Is all of it good ? Or at least suitable for a startup poultry farmer?
  • Also, where do you begin ?

To save you ENDLESS wandering from page to page online,

I have neatly packaged a power-packed portfolio of business management tutorials tailor-made for EVERY startup farmer…

…called “Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes”

Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes: instantly download 15 years of 1st class management expertise ( & speed up your poultry profits )

The purpose of these tutorials is to make common with you some of the most valuable business management lessons learned in my 15 years of management.

They span a corporate and independent consulting career, including:

  • global best practice
  • financial investments
  • small business strategy

But the goal is simple…

…to make hard things simple for you to ‘master’ (…there, I’ve said it now…) to save you any potential material losses of getting it wrong.

These lessons should help you to get it right, 1st time.

The GREAT thing about these tutorials also is that they are all written from 1st hand experiences and lessons learned . Nothing academic – all true to life .

Here’s currently what is included :

Want to access the Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes?

Become a paid subscriber today and fast forward your management abilities.

Are you currently working on a feasibility plan & business proposal for your future poultry farm?

Then this resource is the ideal pocketbook and project reference guide for equipping you with EVERYTHING you need to draft a winning plan.

It’s called the Poultry Project Hub…

Poultry Project Hub: a jampacked project resource library giving you 100’s of angles on planning optimal profits

This has to be the most plentiful online digital resource for assisting your poultry business proposal writing .

Here’s a quick round-up of its contents:

Poultry Farming Project Hub

In short, the Poultry Farming Project Hub contains:

“…over 20,501 words, 200+ rows of data tables, as well as 30+ screenshots/images, sample calculations, case studies and more.”

If you are looking for:

  • sample plans
  • expert poultry business consultancy
  • step-by-step calculations
  • definitions and equations for investment metrics
  • case studies
  • detailed ‘explainer’ articles on hard to understand model concepts

…then this is an unmissable opportunity for you.

Visit the library and its FREE resources now.

Want to download the entire library in PDF instead?

Become a paid subscriber and get the PDFs.

This is very simply – a little bit of light relief if you are finding the whole exercise of business planning a little…frustrating.

There are 15 questions in this quiz.

Each covering a key poultry farming discipline.

It’s multiple choice and nothing too heavy.

Ideally, you might use them to sharpen up your general strategic business awareness.

Try the poultry business quiz.

I made this as a complementary guide to be read alongside sample poultry plans.

To help you better DIRECT the planning process.

To have you asking the right questions and taking the right approaches to assemble your poultry business plan successfully.

Plus, I provide insight into:

  • production modelling options and,
  • uncover flawed assumptions.

These points above are often sticking points and wrong turns for many when building a plan.

This eBook helps you avoid the loss of time and effort getting tied up in with grey spots.

And here’s how…

Poultry Planning Toolkit eBook: avoid common planning errors by having this on your desk as you work

I’d go as far as saying that you shouldn’t begin writing your poultry farm business plan UNTIL you’ve read this.

It does the job of ironing out all the usual sticking points that trouble and prolong planning.

Issues such as:

  • modelling choices
  • how best to plan your earnings
  • how to measure profitability
  • how to do capital planning

…are opened up with ease and made plain.

Here’s the chapter line-up :

poultry farming business plan for layers

  • Broiler vs. Layer
  • Reverse Engineer your Earnings
  • Modelling for Cash Flow
  • Frameworking
  • Cost & Price Inputs
  • Gross Profits
  • Capital Planning
  • Return on Investment
  • Scenario Planning

I designed it to answer ALL the key strategic planning questions.

I’d say, the real value of this eBook is that it prevents false starts by filling in the common knowledge gaps .

A great time saver.

Take a few minutes to read a chapter for free .

Want to download the entire PDF eBook?

Become a paid subscriber today and get expert direction for writing a successful poultry business plan.

This one is quite simple.

If it’s ever cross your mind to ask,

“Hey Temi, what website software do you use?”

“What service do you use to send out those email messages?”

For example, I use WPMUDEV as my web hosting partner. They are just right for The Big Book Project currently. It’s true that there are many cheaper web hosting services out there, But the operative word here is * SERVICE* . When I fail, they pick up the pieces and always ensure The Big Book Project is constantly online. No downtime, no curveballs, no disasters…you see everything coming LONG before it hits, giving plenty of time to react successfully…PLUS, when trouble hits, they REALLY know how to rescue a WordPress website . Hands down. I have no complaints and many good things to say…if you are looking for an expert WordPress website support team – I couldn’t recommend them highly enough . Learn more about WPMUDEV here. (The link above goes to their website and of course costs you nothing. If you decide to hire them, I get a small payment back. The money side has no influence though. I personally use them and happily recommend their service.)

My other tools of the trade including:

  • graphic design tool
  • online payment gateway
  • document management tools
  • email marketing platform
  • accounting program (inc. invoicing, quotations etc).

…are all neatly listed in the crib sheet.

It’s exhaustive. And comes with 10 years of self-employment and business ownership experience.

Lots of valuable, ‘hard-to-find’ gems to give you plenty of advantage.

(*Plus there are some GREAT time and budget savers in here to help you save the pennies, without compromising on  quality.)

Want to download my Digital Tools of The Trade crib sheet?

Become a paid subscriber today and get a headstart on digital business services.

Whilst I don’t write business plans, I do review them from time to time.

From your point of view, it might be a useful pointer in the right direction.

Just the thing you need to get you out of a rut and to finally complete your plan.

A bit like this:

poultry farming business plan for layers

…always good to see REAL LIFE RESULTS gained by readers of The Big Book Project who put the advice into action .

Want me to take a look at your poultry farm business plan?

Become a paid subscriber today and book your business plan review.

Now over to you…

Are you currently writing a business plan for your poultry farm?

Have you already drafted your plan?

Either way, I’d be interested to hear from you.

Leave a comment below.

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The most in-depth guide to poultry farming anywhere , right now.

– Kwasi Jones

Receive all the ‘insider tips’ they never speak about to help you:

  • ✔️ Write a plan that actually gets investment
  • ✔️ Decide if poultry will be profitable for you
  • ✔️ Avoid pitfalls like mortality with key procedures
  • ✔️ Understand the hidden benefits of production models

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Poultry Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

Poultry Farm Business Plan

You’ve come to the right place to create your Poultry Farm business plan.

We have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their Poultry Farms.

Below is a template to help you create each section of your Poultry Farming business plan.

Executive Summary

Business overview.

Smith Poultry Farm is a new farm business located in Mason City, Iowa. The business is a newly established farm founded by John and Sue Smith. As native Iowans, the couple has spent their life in the farming industry as their families have established farms throughout Iowa. Currently, there is a poultry shortage throughout the midwestern United States as some farms have been forced to shut down their business due to rising costs, labor shortage, and higher technology standards. John and Sue have decided to take this opportunity to alleviate the poultry shortage as well as finally establish the farm they have been planning to do for the past six years.

As native Iowans, John and Sue have already recruited a team of farmhands that have extensive experience working in poultry farms. Most of them have been recently laid off from other poultry farms that have shut down their operations.

John and Sue plan on starting with 5,000 chickens, 500 turkeys, and 100 ducks on 10 acres of land. Their business operations will be centered around daily processes and procedures to tend to the chickens and prepare them for packaging for resale and distribution.

Product Offering

The following are the products that Smith Poultry Farm will provide:

  • Chicken for consumption
  • Turkey for consumption
  • Ducks for consumption

Customer Focus

Smith Poultry Farm will target all residents residing in northern Iowa and throughout the state. They will target families, individuals, supermarkets, large retail chains, and restaurants.

Management Team

Smith Poultry Farm will be owned and operated by John and Sue Smith. They will recruit a very experienced and knowledgeable operator to manage the day-to-day operations of the poultry farm.

John Smith was born and raised on a local farm and has been working in farms most of his life. He left to pursue his agriculture degree from Iowa State and returned to work full-time at his father’s large farm. That farm produces beef, poultry, pork, and vegetables. Once he married Sue, the couple decided that they would begin to save up to pursue a farm of their own.

Sue Smith was raised on a farm as well. Once she graduated from high school, she attended Iowa State to pursue a degree in Business Administration. It was there where she met John and planned for their future farm where he would manage the farm operations and she would be in charge of the financial management and administration of the poultry farm operations.

Success Factors

Smith Poultry Farm will be able to achieve success by offering the following competitive advantages:

  • Ownership has extensive experience and knowledge in the poultry farming industry.
  • Owners will invest in the latest technology and equipment to make their poultry farm the most superior in the Midwest.
  • Smith Poultry Farm will breed high quality chickens, turkeys, and ducks in order to produce the freshest and quality poultry.

Financial Highlights

Smith Poultry Farm is seeking $500,000 in debt financing to launch its property management business. The funding will be dedicated towards securing the farm land and purchasing the necessary equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated towards three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, mortgage, and marketing costs for the poultry farm. The breakout of the funding is below:

  • Purchase 10 acres of farmland: $100,000
  • Farm equipment, supplies, and materials: $100,000
  • Three months of overhead expenses (payroll, rent, utilities): $150,000
  • Marketing costs: $50,000
  • Working capital: $100,000

The following graph below outlines the pro forma financial projections for Smith Poultry Farm.

Company Overview

Who is Smith Poultry Farm?

Smith Poultry Farm is a new poultry farm business located in Mason City, Iowa. The business is a newly established poultry farm founded by John and Sue Smith. As native Iowans, the couple has spent their life in the farming industry as their families have established farms throughout Iowa. Currently, there is a poultry shortage throughout the midwestern United States as some farms have been forced to shut down their business due to rising costs, labor shortage, and higher technology standards. Growing up in the farming industry, John and Sue have decided to take this opportunity to alleviate the poultry shortage as well as finally establish the farm they have been planning to do for the past six years. The couple plans to raise chickens, turkeys, and ducks to produce poultry for food consumption as well as eggs. Once the business is established, the couple will add more birds to the farm and purchase additional land.

As native Iowans, John and Sue have already recruited a team of farmhands that have extensive experience working in poultry farms. Most of them have been recently laid off from other poultry farms that have shut down their operations. John and Sue have already identified the lead farmhand who will assist John in the day to day farm operations oversight.

Smith Poultry Farm History Smith Poultry Farm is owned and operated by John and Sue Smith, Iowa natives who have extensive experience in farm operations and business administration. John has worked for his father’s large farm for most of his life and wants to finally pursue his own poultry farm since a number of poultry farms have ceased operations due to increased labor and distribution costs. John has already pursued a number of local grocery stores, large retail stores, and restaurants to have contracts to be their sole poultry distributor.

Since incorporation, Smith Poultry Farm has achieved the following milestones:

  • Registered Smith Poultry Farm, LLC to transact business in the state of Iowa.
  • Has 6 contracts in place to provide poultry for local restaurants, grocery stores, and large retail chains.
  • Reached out to numerous individuals and households to purchase their household’s poultry directly from Smith Poultry Farm.
  • Began recruiting a staff of farmhands to assist in the day to day operations of the poultry farm.

Smith Poultry Farm Products

The following will be the products Smith Poultry Farm will provide:

Industry Analysis

Customer analysis, demographic profile of target market.

Smith Poultry Farm will target all residents of  Mason City and the surrounding states. The target market will consist of households, grocery stores, restaurants, and large retail chains.

The precise demographics for Mason City, Iowa are:

  • 503,642 residents
  • 310,000 households
  • 1,000 restaurants
  • 500 grocery stores
  • 6 large retail grocery stores

Customer Segmentation

Smith Poultry Farm will primarily target the following customer profiles:

  • Individuals and households
  • Grocery Stores
  • Restaurants
  • Large Grocery Chains

Competitive Analysis

Direct and indirect competitors.

Smith Poultry Farm will face competition from other companies with similar business profiles. A description of each competitor company is below.

Myson Poultry Farm

Myson Poultry Farm is a modern, multi-national, protein-focused food company that produces approximately 20% of the beef, pork, and chicken in the United States. Along with its subsidiaries, the company operates a food company worldwide. The company began during the Great Depression when the eldest Myson began selling chickens. A few decades later, Myson’s son grew it into the large company it is today and is one of the largest poultry producers and distributors in the world.

By investing in technology, Myson was able to grow the brand. Through the development of better feeds and better disease control methods, chickens were maturing more quickly. These improvements, combined with increased competition, meant lower prices for consumers and households were able to purchase their poultry products in larger quantities.

Iowa Poultry Farm

Iowa Poultry Farms started in the 1920s when Liam Nelson sold and traded eggs by the dozen as a means to put food on the table for his family. Four generations later, the Nelson family has grown the business year-over-year to continue to meet the changing needs of the egg and pullet industry. More than 90 years of experience has established Iowa Poultry Farm as a well-respected pullet and hatching business as well as a reliant commercial egg producer under the current leadership.

The strength of Iowa Poultry Farm began when master plans for growth from the late 1980s to present day have produced new and improved pullet production facilities that have the capacity to accommodate the growth of the majority of the pullets in NPF’s proprietary facilities. Recent capital development has been invested in hatchery and breeder facilities that have the capacity to produce up to 9 million female chicks per year as well as supplementary aviary growing facilities for both cage-free and floor-grown conventional pullets.

Iowa Poultry Farm continues to innovate as a pullet and hatching business under the leadership of Frank and his son, Brett.

Good Cluck Poultry Farm

Good Cluck Poultry Farm maintains more than 50,000 breeders on its company owned farms. The company currently hatches and sells 79 standard chicken breeds/varieties, 58 breeds/varieties of bantams, 9 breeds of ducks, 3 breeds of geese, and 4 breeds/varieties of guineas. In addition, Good Cluck has available, as a service to its customers, 9 heritage breeds of turkeys, pheasants, and chukar.

Good Cluck certainly has good luck. While many hatcheries have been forced to close, Good Cluck Poultry Farm has become a leader in producing non-commercial poultry annually, selling more than six million items of baby poultry.

Good Cluck’s full list of products are white egg layers, brown egg layers, colored egg layers, standard assortments, broilers, crested chickens, feather legged bantams, bantam assortments, clean leg bantams, ducks, geese, guineas, turkeys, pheasants, chukar, and supplies.

Competitive Advantage

Smith Poultry Farm will be able to offer the following advantages over their competition:

  • Ownership has extensive experience and knowledge in the poultry farming industry and has over 20 years of experience managing poultry farm operations
  • Smith Poultry Farm will breed high quality chickens, ducks, and turkeys in order to produce the freshest and quality poultry.

Marketing Plan

Brand & value proposition.

Smith Poultry Farm will offer the unique value proposition to its clientele:

  • All farming practices will utilize the latest technology and equipment for safe breeding practices, production, and distribution of all farm animals.
  • The farm will only breed the highest quality poultry.
  • Unbeatable pricing to its clients and customers – Smith Poultry Farm does not mark up its poultry products at a large percentage. All poultry will be on par with competition.

Promotions Strategy

The promotions strategy for Smith Poultry Farm is as follows:

Word of Mouth/Referrals

John Smith has built up an extensive list of contacts over the years by living and working in the midwestern farming industry. Since a number of local poultry farms have ceased operations, they have committed to John that Smith Poultry Farm will be their poultry supplier. They trust his work ethic and commitment to the local community.

Professional Associations and Networking

Smith Poultry Farm will become a member of American Farmland Trust, Farming NGO, National Farmers Union, and the Iowa Chamber of Commerce. They will focus their networking efforts on expanding their client network and marketing their new brand.

Print Advertising

Smith Poultry Farm will invest in professionally designed print ads to display in programs or flyers at industry networking events.

Website/SEO Marketing

Smith Poultry Farm will hire a third-party marketing company to design their print ads and design their website. The website will be well organized, informative, and list all the poultry products they plan to offer. The website will also list their contact information and directions to the poultry farm. The marketing company will also include SEO tactics so that anytime someone types in the Google or Bing search engine “Iowa poultry farm” or “poultry farm near me”, Smith Poultry Farm will be listed at the top of the search results.

Zero po, hindi rin po kami mahilig malabas ng mga panood.

The pricing of Smith Poultry Farm will be moderate and on par with competitors so customers feel they receive value when purchasing their poultry products.

Operations Plan

The following will be the operations plan for Smith Poultry Farm.

Operation Functions:

  • John Smith will be the Owner and President of the company. He will oversee all staff and manage client relations. John, along with Sue, has spent the past year recruiting the following staff:
  • Sue Smith – will oversee all administrative aspects of running the poultry farm. This will include bookkeeping, tax payments, and payroll of the staff.
  • George Hargrove – Head Farmhand who will oversee the farming staff and day to day operations.
  • Ben Loya – Assistant Farmhand who will assist George.
  • Frank Johnson – Distribution Manager who will oversee the packaging and distribution of all poultry products.

Milestones:

Smith Poultry Farm will have the following milestones complete in the next six months.

1/1/202X – Finalize purchase of farm land

2/15/202X – Purchase farm equipment, supplies and materials

3/1/202X – Finalize contracts for grocery store, chain, and restaurant clients

4/15/202X – Begin networking at industry events

5/1/202X – Purchase initial set of poultry animals

5/15/202X – Hire and train farm staff

6/1/202X – Smith Poultry Farm begins farm operations

Smith Poultry Farm will be owned and operated by John and Sue Smith. John will manage the oversight of all farm operations with the help of his lead farmhand. Sue will manage all administrative and financial aspects of the farm business.

Financial Plan

Key revenue & costs.

The revenue drivers for Smith Poultry Farm are the revenues it will receive from poultry products, eggs, and the breeding fees they will charge to individuals who have high-quality chicken, turkeys, or ducks they want to breed.

The cost drivers will be the overhead costs required in order to staff and maintain successful farm operations. The expenses will be the payroll cost, mortgage payment, utilities, farming supplies, equipment maintenance, and marketing materials.

Funding Requirements and Use of Funds

Smith Poultry Farm is $500,000 in debt financing to launch its property management business. The funding will be dedicated towards securing the farm land and purchasing the necessary equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated towards three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, mortgage, and marketing costs for the poultry farm. The breakout of the funding is below:

Key Assumptions

The following outlines the key assumptions required in order to achieve the revenue and cost numbers in the financials and in order to pay off the startup business loan.

  • Number of Poultry Animals: 5,600
  • Average Revenue per Animal: $20
  • Number of Poultry Products Sold Per Year: 1,000,000

Financial Projections

Income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, poultry farm business plan faqs, what is a poultry farm business plan.

A poultry farm business plan is a plan to start and/or grow your poultry farm business. Among other things, it outlines your business concept, identifies your target customers, presents your marketing plan and details your financial projections.

You can easily complete your poultry farm business plan using our Poultry Farm Business Plan Template here .

What are the Main Types of Poultry Farms?

There are a number of different kinds of poultry farms , some examples include: Breeder Farms, Broiler Farms, and Pullet Farms.

How Do You Get Funding for Your Poultry Business Plan?

Poultry farms are often funded through small business loans. Personal savings, credit card financing and angel investors are also popular forms of funding.  Having a chicken farming business plan will help show investors you are well-prepared to start your own business.

What are the Steps To Start a Poultry Farm Business?

Starting a poultry farm business can be an exciting endeavor. Having a clear roadmap of the steps to start a business will help you stay focused on your goals and get started faster.

1. Develop A Poultry Farm Business Plan - The first step in starting a business is to create a detailed poultry business plan that outlines all aspects of the venture. This should include potential market size and target customers, the services or products you will offer, pricing strategies and a detailed financial forecast.  

2. Choose Your Legal Structure - It's important to select an appropriate legal entity for your poultry farm business. This could be a limited liability company (LLC), corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each type has its own benefits and drawbacks so it’s important to do research and choose wisely so that your poultry farm business is in compliance with local laws.

3. Register Your Poultry Farm Business - Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your poultry farm business with the government or state where you’re operating from. This includes obtaining licenses and permits as required by federal, state, and local laws. 

4. Identify Financing Options - It’s likely that you’ll need some capital to start your poultry farm business, so take some time to identify what financing options are available such as bank loans, investor funding, grants, or crowdfunding platforms. 

5. Choose a Location - Whether you plan on operating out of a physical location or not, you should always have an idea of where you’ll be based should it become necessary in the future as well as what kind of space would be suitable for your operations. 

6. Hire Employees - There are several ways to find qualified employees including job boards like LinkedIn or Indeed as well as hiring agencies if needed – depending on what type of employees you need it might also be more effective to reach out directly through networking events. 

7. Acquire Necessary Poultry Farm Equipment & Supplies - In order to start your poultry farm business, you'll need to purchase all of the necessary equipment and supplies to run a successful operation. 

8. Market & Promote Your Business - Once you have all the necessary pieces in place, it’s time to start promoting and marketing your poultry farm business. This includes creating a website, utilizing social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter, and having an effective Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. You should also consider traditional marketing techniques such as radio or print advertising. 

Learn more about how to start a successful poultry farm business:

  • How to Start a Farm Business

Additional Helpful Template

Farm Business Plan

Layer Poultry Farming: Best Guide & Top 20 Tips for Beginners

  • Pinterest 9

Layer poultry farming is a very common and popular business throughout the world. Starting this business is very easy and simple, even the beginners can also raise them.

Actually layer poultry farming means, ‘raising eggs producing birds for the purpose of eggs production’. For example, we can start raising chickens, quails or ducks for commercial eggs production purpose.

Commercial layer poultry production is a very profitable business. You can start this business in small scale, if you are a beginner.

But today, large scale or commercial production is becoming popular gradually. Because it’s a great way to make good profit.

You will start getting eggs from the poultry birds as early as their 12-20 weeks of age. And most of the commercial layer poultry birds start laying eggs regularly at their 25 weeks of age.

Today, people are raising layer poultry birds in many different methods such as free range system, cage system, deep litter system etc. Whatever system you choose, you have to ensure good care and good security of your birds for getting maximum production.

Table of Contents

Advantages of Layer Poultry Farming

There are some benefits or advantages of starting a layer poultry farming business. Here we are trying to describe more about the top advantages of starting layer poultry farming business.

  • Starting a layer poultry farm for eggs production is very easy. And it’s the main benefit of layer poultry farming business. Even the beginners can also start this business.
  • You can start both small scale and commercial production depending on your budget.
  • Small scale layer production doesn’t require high capital. But you will need good amount of money for starting a large scale production. The good news is ‘you can apply for bank loan for starting this business’.
  • You can raise many birds in a small place.
  • You can even raise some layer birds in your backyard.
  • Although commercial production require high investment, but the ROI is good. You will be able to make good profit from your investment.
  • Eggs are very popular throughout the world. So, you don’t have to worry about marketing your products. You will probably be able to easily sell your products in the local market.
  • Eggs are great source of protein and have very good demand in the market.
  • As commercial layer poultry production is profitable, so it can be a great employment source for the rural people. Especially for the educated unemployed young people.
  • Commercial layer poultry production is a great way to ensure food security.
  • You and your family members can enjoy fresh eggs if you start raising your own layer birds.

How to Start Layer Poultry Farming Business

Starting small scale layer poultry production for family consumption and earning a little is very easy and simple. Even the beginners can start such small scale production.

layer poultry, layer poultry farming, how to raise layer poultry, how to start eggs production

But starting commercial production require a lot of equipment and it also require a lot of knowledge. So, we recommend having training from an institute or from an expert before starting commercial production.

Select A Good Location

First of all, you have to select a very good location for starting your layer poultry farming business.

You can raise the birds in a corner of your house or in backyard if you want to raise a few birds.

But select a safe, secure and calm place if you want to start commercial production. It will be better if the selected area is far from the residential area.

Ensure water, electricity and good transportation facilities are available in your selected area.

Select The Right Breed

Selecting the right breed for your business is very important. You can select breeds which are available and popular in your area. Chickens , quails and ducks are common poultry birds used for commercial eggs production.

If you are willing to raise chickens, then Rhode Island Red , Leghorn , Sussex , Ancona , Plymouth Rock , Hamburg and some hybrids will be good for commercial eggs production.

Indian Runner , Khaki Campbell , Buff , Welsh Harlequin , Ancona and Magpie are some great duck breeds for eggs production.

If you choose quails, then Japanese, Tuxedo, Pharaoh, British Range, English White and Manchurian Golden will good for eggs production.

Making a good house is very important for keeping your birds safe from predators, adverse weather and other problems. A hygiene house will also help to keep your birds healthy and diseases free.

Most of the commercial poultry birds are smaller in size and they require relatively less housing space. Exact amount can vary depending on the breed.

Install good ventilation system, and ensure flow of sufficient amount of fresh and clean air inside the house.

Feeding & Watering

Feeding the birds with very good quality and nutritious food is the most important part of layer poultry farming business.

Poultry birds generally require protein rich food. So, ensure adequate amount of protein is available in their diet.

Today, there are many companies available throughout the world which are producing ready-made feeds for the laying birds. You can use such feeds for feeding your layer birds.

And along with feeding the birds with quality feeds, always try to provide them with adequate amount of clean and fresh water.

Most of the poultry birds are good breeders, and they will produce fertile eggs if you keep good ratio of male and female birds in the flock.

Although, commercial producers don’t let their birds to breed, rather they purchase the chicks from hatcheries.

Caring & Other Management

Taking good care of the birds is very important for successful layer poultry farming business. Good caring will keep them healthy, and you will be able to get maximum production.

Monitor the health of the birds regularly, and vaccinate them timely. And always try to keep good contact with the vet in your area.

Never provide the birds with contaminated feeds or polluted water. And always try to clean the house on a regular basis.

Poultry products have very good demand and value in the market. So, you will probably be able to easily sell the products in the market.

Although, it is better to set your marketing strategies before starting this business. You will be able to make good profit from this business if you can sell your products at good price.

These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful layer poultry farming business. Hope this business guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!

Top Layer Poultry Farming Tips for Success

Layer poultry farming is a very profitable and popular venture and it can provide a consistent source of income through egg production.

It’s crucial to follow best management and practices to ensure the profitability and sustainability of your layer poultry farm. Here we are going to share some best tips which will help you achieve success in this business.

First, Understand Layer Poultry Farming

First of all, you have to learn more about this business. Layer poultry farming focuses on raising hens primarily for the production of eggs. These birds, known as layers, are different from broilers, which are raised for meat production.

Layers are carefully bred to maximize egg production, making them an ideal choice for egg farmers. And you can sell these birds for meat once they finish their eggs production.

1. Select the Right Breed

Choosing the right breed is very important for success in this business. You should emphasis your local demand while choosing the right breed for your business. Start with the right breed of layers. Choose breeds which are known for their high egg-laying capabilities, such as White Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds, or Sussex.

2. Purchase Good Quality Chicks

Purchasing good quality and healthy chicks is also very important. Because good quality and healthy chicks always ensure good production. Source healthy and disease-free chicks from reputable hatcheries to establish a strong foundation for your flock. It will be better if you can purchase from your local suppliers.

3. Start Small & Expand Gradually

As a beginner, you should not start your layer poultry farm initially in large scale. Rather start with a few number of birds, gather experience and expand gradually.

4. Provide Them Adequate Space

Giving adequate space per bird is a must for keeping them healthy and happy. Provide sufficient space in the poultry house to prevent overcrowding, which can lead to stress and reduced egg production.

5. Ensure Good Ventilated System

Good ventilation system helps to remove excess gas and unhealthy air from inside the house. So, ensure good ventilation in the poultry house to maintain optimal air quality and regulate temperature and humidity.

And all these are very important for good health of your birds. Install exhaust fans and vents to ensure proper air circulation and reduce ammonia buildup.

6. Lighting Management

Light play a very important role in eggs production of these poultry birds. Implement a consistent lighting schedule to stimulate egg production. Layers require 14-16 hours of light per day for peak performance.

7. Provide Them Adequate Water

Providing adequate amount of water is very important for keeping your birds healthy. Ensure a clean and accessible water supply at all times to keep your layers well-hydrated. Never provide them dirty or contaminated water.

8. Provide Them Nutritious Food

This is the most important part of commercial layer poultry farming business. Because good and nutritious food helps to keep the birds healthy, diseases free, and also helps to maximize eggs production.

You can consult a poultry nutritionist to formulate a balanced diet that meets the specific nutritional requirements of your layers. Or just purchase ready made commercial feeds for feeding your birds.

9. Regular Feeding is Important

Feeding the birds timely on a regular basis is very important. So, try to stick to a regular feeding schedule to promote healthy growth and good egg production.

10. Disease Prevention

Practice strict biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases on your farm. Regularly inspect your flock for signs of illness or distress and take immediate action when necessary. Contact with your vet as soon as possible if you notice any health concern.

11. Managing Health and Hygiene

Maintaining good hygiene practices and monitoring the health of your layers is critical. Implement a vaccination schedule, practice biosecurity measures, and be vigilant for signs of disease.

Regularly clean and disinfect the poultry house to prevent the spread of infections. Maintaining a clean and hygienic environment within the poultry house helps to reduce the risk of disease outbreaks.

12. Provide Vaccination Timely

Timely vaccination helps the birds to stay healthy and free from many diseases. Follow a vaccination schedule recommended by a poultry veterinarian to protect your layers from common diseases.

13. Provide Nest Boxes

Provide comfortable and clean nest boxes to encourage hens to lay eggs in a suitable location. Your birds will lay hare and there without nest boxes and they will broke many eggs. So, providing them with nest boxes is also very important.

14. Collect Eggs Regularly

Collect eggs timely and regularly. Try to collect at least twice a day to prevent damage and maintain egg quality. Sort and store the eggs immediately after collecting if possible.

Grade and package eggs carefully to maintain their quality and appeal to consumers. Store eggs in a cool, clean, and well-ventilated place to prolong their shelf life. And always try to handle eggs with care to prevent breakage and contamination.

15. Keep Record of Everything

Keeping records of everything is very important. So, try to keep detailed records of your flock’s performance, including egg production, feed consumption, and health status.

16. Give Enough Space per Bird

Allowing adequate space per bird is important. Enough space helps the birds to move freely and that ultimately helps them to stay healthy. Allow a minimum of 2-3 square feet of space per bird to ensure their comfort and well-being.

17. Provide Adequate Roosting Space

Roosting place help the birds to rest and stay at night. So, provide roosting perches for your layers to rest comfortably at night.

18. Pest Controlling is Must

Pests harm a lot to your birds. So, implement pest control measures to keep your poultry house free from flies, rodents, and other pests.

19. Marketing Strategy

Develop a marketing strategy to promote your eggs, emphasizing their quality and freshness. Conduct market research to identify potential buyers and understand market demand for your eggs.

20. Waste Management

Implement effective waste management practices to keep the farm clean and reduce odors. This is also very important for keeping your birds healthy and disease free.

Related Queries & FAQs

There are lots of questions and queries related to layer poultry farming. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about this business. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is layer poultry farming?

Layer poultry farming is the practice of raising hens primarily for the purpose of egg production.

What is the difference between layers and broilers?

Layers are raised for egg production, while broilers are raised for meat production.

What breeds of chickens are best for layer poultry farming?

Popular layer breeds include White Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds, Sussex, and Plymouth Rocks.

How many hours of light do layers need for egg production?

Layers require 14-16 hours of light per day to stimulate egg production.

What is the lifespan of a laying hen?

The productive lifespan of a laying hen is typically around 2-3 years.

How do I choose healthy chicks for my layer poultry farm?

Select chicks from reputable hatcheries, and choose those that are active, alert, and free from deformities or diseases.

What is the best housing system for layers?

The housing system should be well-ventilated, protect from predators, and provide adequate space per bird.

What should I feed my layers?

Consult a poultry nutritionist to formulate a balanced diet consisting of grains, protein sources, vitamins, and minerals.

How often should I feed my layers?

Layers should be fed regularly, typically 2-3 times a day.

What are the common diseases in layer poultry farming, and how can I prevent them?

Common diseases include Newcastle disease, Avian influenza, and coccidiosis. Prevention measures include vaccination and biosecurity.

What is the ideal temperature for a layer poultry house?

The temperature should be maintained between 65°F to 75°F (18°C to 24°C) for optimal egg production.

How do I stimulate egg production in my layers?

Implement a consistent lighting schedule with 14-16 hours of light per day.

When do layers start laying eggs?

Layers typically start laying eggs at around 5-6 months of age.

How can I ensure egg quality?

Maintain a clean and hygienic environment, collect eggs regularly, and store them properly.

How many eggs can I expect from each hen per year?

The egg production rate depends on the breed but can range from 250 to 320 eggs per year.

Can I keep roosters with my layer flock?

While it’s not necessary, you can keep a few roosters to fertilize eggs if you plan to hatch chicks.

How should I handle sick or injured layers?

Isolate sick birds, provide proper care, and consult a veterinarian for treatment.

What is the egg-laying cycle of a layer hen?

Hens typically follow a 24-26-hour egg-laying cycle, with most eggs laid in the morning.

How do I market my eggs from a layer poultry farm?

Identify potential buyers, create a brand, and promote your eggs based on quality and freshness.

How do I manage egg collection and grading?

Collect eggs at least twice a day, clean them, and grade them based on size and quality.

What is the lifespan of a layer poultry house?

With proper maintenance, a layer poultry house can last for 10-15 years or more.

Can I use organic methods in layer poultry farming?

Yes, you can adopt organic practices by using organic feed and following organic certification standards.

How can I control pests and rodents in my poultry house?

Implement pest control measures, including traps, baits, and regular cleaning.

What should I do with spent layers that have stopped laying eggs?

You can sell them for meat or use them for other purposes, such as making chicken broth.

What is the average egg weight and size produced by layers?

The average egg weight is around 55-65 grams, and the size can vary from small to extra-large.

How do I handle eggshell quality issues?

Ensure proper calcium supplementation in the diet, maintain consistent lighting, and address any stress factors.

Can I start layer poultry farming on a small scale?

Yes, you can start with a small flock and gradually expand as you gain experience.

How do I maintain good air quality in the poultry house?

Install proper ventilation systems to ensure the removal of excess moisture and ammonia.

What is the best bedding material for the poultry house?

Common bedding materials include straw, wood shavings, or rice husks.

How do I dispose of poultry waste responsibly?

Consider composting, recycling, or using waste as fertilizer on crop fields.

Can I use artificial insemination in layer poultry farming?

Artificial insemination can be used for selective breeding but is not commonly practiced in small-scale layer farms.

How can I expand my layer poultry farming business?

Gradually increase the flock size, invest in better infrastructure, and explore new markets for your eggs.

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Thanks very much for the guide, i have Allred started Sussex breeding backyard on the corn of my yard.

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Egg Layers Farming

A Beginner’s Guide to Layer Farming

Layer farming is one of the popular aspects of poultry production. It is ranked as the second most practiced poultry venture in the world after broiler farming . If you intend to start a layer farm or want to learn more about layer farming, you’re on the right page.

This post will guide you on what layer farming or production is all about as well as all you need to do to get started.

What is Layer Farming?

This is simply the art and science of raising hens (female chickens) primarily for the production of egg production and secondarily for meat. Layers are commercially viable egg-producing chickens.

Chicken eggs are in increasing demand due to their nutritional compositions that are beneficial to humans as well as their usage in confectionery. These have also led to the rapid growth of the poultry industry.

Laying Chicken Breeds

The breeds of egg-laying chickens are:

  • White leghorns
  • Rhode Island Red

Housing Management in Layer Farming

To raise laying chickens, you will need a place to the house (pen) them. The quality of housing affects the laying performance of these chickens.

An easy to manage, clean and comfortable pen is one of the requirements for excellent growth and egg production for layers.

The following are required when sitting and building pens for layers

  • The pen must not be built in crowded, noisy or residential areas or premises
  • The pen should not be far from the market
  • The road to the pen or farm should be good and accessible roads
  • Good water, security and electricity must be readily available
  • The pen must be well ventilated
  • The pen house must be constructed in such a way that would ease drainage and cleaning
  • Must be constructed in the east-west orientation to prevent direct sunlight from entering the house
  • The roof must be made with long-lasting roofing materials and water-tight. It must also be wind-proof.
  • The walls, floor and roof must be rat and wild bird proof
  • The height of the pen house must be 3 meters from the foundation to the roof
  • The land to be used must be well drained and should have tall trees around
  • The pen should be far from other chicken pens to minimize the risk of disease spread
  • The floor of the pen should also be slightly sloppy and preferably concreted

Housing Systems

For commercial layer production, there are three common housing systems. They are:

  • Deep-Litter System

Battery Cage System

Deep-litter system.

In this system, the chickens are kept on the floor of a pen or enclosure and they are provided with everything they need which include feed, water, vaccine and drugs. The characteristic feature of this system is that the chickens are kept on the floor covered with litter material that can absorb moisture from the droppings. These materials could be dry wood shavings, rice husks, chopped hay or straw, groundnut hulls, etc. You can view others here.

The ventilation, lighting, drinkers, feeders or feeding trough and the nesting box (where the eggs are laid) are made available. So the chickens are fed in the morning, afternoon or before dusk and water is made available round-the-clock.

Litter also helps to control disease and enhances egg cleanliness in laying flocks. In addition to the necessary feeding and watering equipment, the system may utilize nests or roosts or dropping pits, depending upon the type of bird housed.

Advantages of the deep-litter system

  • The chickens and eggs are safe from wild birds and animals
  • It saves labour and money required for regular cleaning and buying of cages
  • The litter can be used as manure
  • Record keeping is possible
  • It is suitable for all kinds of weather conditions irrespective of location
  • The specific need or requirement of the chickens can be provided

Disadvantages of the deep-litter system

  • It can constitute a nuisance or environmental pollution if not properly managed
  • During a diseases outbreak, the spread might be difficult to curtail
  • Litter material may become scarce
  • Eggs loss and a high number of cracks
  • Cannibalism and bullying cases are higher as rogue chickens become threats to others in the flock
  • It requires prompt monitoring, supervision and the highest commitment of time and resources
  • Hens may become brooding, hence won’t lay eggs again
  • For optimal production, expertise and experience are required

In this system, the chickens are kept in a pen but confined to a cage just large enough to permit very limited movement and allow her to stand and sit comfortably. This system is the most intensive type of commercial chicken production and is useful to those with only a small floor space at their disposal. The floor is of strong standard galvanized wire set at a slope from back to the front, so that the eggs as they are laid, roll out of the cage to the egg collection area.

Advantages of the battery cage system

  • The faeces of chickens can be used as manure
  • Record keeping is possible and easier
  • The specific need or requirement of the chickens can be provided or met
  • Feeding of birds and the collection of eggs are easier
  • Highest stocking rate as more chickens can be kept within on a small floor space
  • Vaccination, medication and other occasional operations are easier
  • Less risk of disease, because the birds are not in contact with droppings
  •  Higher egg weight
  • Lower feed intake (about 3-4%) and better feed conversion rate
  • Labour saving
  • Easier supervision, culling or selection
  • No floor eggs and no broody hens

Disadvantages of the battery cage system

  • The system is relatively high initial investment costs per bird
  • The system is not flexible
  • Technical problems usually occur especially if maintenance is not up to standard
  • The percentage second class eggs is higher
  • Pen ventilation is likely to require more attention and control
  • De-beaking and light intensity control are necessary

While both the deep litter system and the battery cage system are ideal for commercial layer production, the battery cage is highly recommended where financing is not a challenge.

How to Start Layer Farming

One of the simplest and best ways of starting the laying flock is to buy started pullets. This avoids the need for equipment and the care involved in brooding chicks. You can buy point of lays from commercial growers or other farms at 13 to 16 weeks of age.

Pullets should be debeaked to avoid feather picking, egg-eating and cannibalism. Ten to fifteen birds will normally provide the average family with enough eggs. Bear in mind that a healthy, well-managed laying flock can produce 260 eggs per bird in a laying year.

Buying of Day Old Chicks

The importance of selecting the right stock should be re-emphasized here. After deciding on the breed or strain you want, be sure to buy healthy stock from hatcheries.

Buy the best chicks you can buy. Cheap chicks may cost you more in the end than those that cost most in the beginning. Poor results with the growth or livability can soon erase any savings you may have made in the purchase of chicks.

Get chicks from a source known for having birds with high egg production records. There are great differences among types of birds, insofar as egg size, egg production, feed, efficiency, livability, and many other economic traits are concerned.

Brooding & Rearing Day Old Chicks

Brooding facilities can affect the degree of success one has in growing chicks. As indicated earlier, an expensive building is not necessary, but the facility should be built to brood chicks efficiently.

One of the features of a good brooder house is its structural soundness to withstand high winds. It should be of light construction, with sufficient insulation against drafts, and easy to maintain a uniform temperature economically. It should be able to conserve or dissipate heat. It should also have some degree of light control in the house.

Click here to read more about brooding

Management of Layer Chickens From Day 1 to Week 8 (Brooding)

During the brooding period, young chickens need special care.

Temperature

Young chicks cannot yet regulate their body temperature themselves. So, normally artificial heating is provided during the brooding period. Brooder operations require heating of a whole house. In the tropics, heat may be provided to a particular area in the house, a corner or one room only, at least during the night.

Artificial heat sources are:

  • Electric brooder (infrared heat bulbs)
  • Gas brooder (gas heaters)
  • Kerosene brooders (kerosene lamp/kerosene heater)

The recommended temperatures for layer chicks:

  • 1st day (33-34°C)
  • 2nd day (32°C)
  • 1st week (30°C)
  • 2nd week (30-25°C)
  • 3rd week (28-25°C)
  • 4th week (25-20°C)

When the temperature is too high we see that:

  • The chicks sit with spread-out wings and open beaks (rapid breathing).
  • The chicks sit as far as possible away from the heat source.
  • There is less feed intake: the chicks drink more and this often causes wet litter.
  • The chick might start pecking each other’s feathers.

When the temperature is too low we see that the chicks:

  • Come close together
  • Are less active
  • Will raise their feather cover
  • Will stay close to the heat source

Chicks arrangement under different temperature

The chicks will eat when there is light. As eating must be stimulated especially early in the brooder period, artificial lighting is a must. However, gradual reduction of the light is recommended:

Confinement

To confine the chicks around the source of heat and to prevent draughts it is necessary to erect a brooder guard around them; for instance, made from 2 pieces of plywood joined to make a circle; about 50 cm high. There should be no cracks in this guard as they will cause draughts.

Litter absorbs moisture (from droppings) and provides scraping material for the chicks. The best material for litter is short wood shavings. At all times prevent litter from getting wet or dusty.

When brooding, there are some materials or equipment that must be available. Find them here.

Chick mash is required, to which broad-spectrum antibiotic is added. If necessary the feed should also contain a coccidiostat.

Health and Condition at Arrival

  • Day-old chicks should preferably be delivered in the morning when it is still cool. This also makes it possible to observe them for a full day.
  • Do not allow the personnel delivering the chicks to enter the chicken house.
  • Check mortality, quality and thriftiness of the chicks
  • Place the chicks in the brooder heat
  • Small numbers can be counted, larger numbers have to be estimated
  • If the chicks have to be vaccinated (preferably by the spray method) – do this quickly and efficiently
  • Provide the chicks with quietness

Some standards for chick quality at arrival are:

  • No deformities
  • No unhealed navels
  • Above a minimum weight
  • Not dehydrated
  • Down colour representative of the breed
  • Chicks standing up well and being lively

Males can be recognized at 6-8 weeks in unsexed flocks by the following characteristics:

  • In cocks the feathers are more pointed than in hens, whose feathers are smaller and rounded
  • Cocks usually have a bigger comb
  • Cocks stand in a more upright position than hens

Management of Growers

Growers are between 8 and 22 weeks of age. They are the future laying birds and the way they grow up will largely determine how well they do in the laying house. Therefore management during the growing period is very important.

There are three housing systems for growers.

  • Brooding-growing-laying house in one.
  • After the brooding house, the birds are transferred to a growing/laying house.
  • After the brooding period, the birds are transferred to a growing house and from there (at 18 weeks of age) to a laying house.

Management Procedures

  • Sanitation is very important during the growing period. So keep everything clean and refresh the disinfectants regularly.
  • Always keep visitors out.
  • Administer anthelminthic drugs to control internal and external parasitic or worm infestations.
  • Rats and mice can consume a lot of feed and spread diseases. Start a rodent elimination programme if they already constitute a nuisance.
  • Growing houses should be separated from houses containing birds of other age groups.
  • Vaccinate the birds following the standard vaccination schedule for layers for your region.
  • Watch the medicine dosage very carefully. Do not overtreat or undertreat birds.
  • Cockerels should be separated from the flock as soon as possible and reared separately.
  • Reduce light (daylight or artificial light) during the growing period. This will delay the beginning of egg laying.
  • Inferior, sick, crippled, injured and deformed birds should be removed from the flock daily (culling).
  • Always take a record of relevant information such as feed, water, drug, mortality and stock balance.
  • Carefully kept records inform the poultry keeper about the past and are helpful in planning future operations.

Management of Laying stock

The laying period is taken to have started when the birds reach 5% egg production on a hen day basis. The laying period continues until the birds are sold at the end of a laying period of normal length, or are force-molted.

Housing time starts with the beginning of the laying period. The number of birds housed is the number of pullets in the laying house when egg production starts.

Because of variations in rearing management procedures, pullets may be transferred to permanent laying houses (in the multi-stage system) at ages between 8 and 21 weeks. Laying houses are thus used for ‘growing’ for different periods of time before the birds reach 5% egg production on a hen/day basis.

In commercial egg production, cocks are not allowed in the laying house because they consume feed and fertilized eggs spoil more rapidly than unfertilized eggs.

Preparing the House for Layers

At the time when chickens are moved from growing pens to laying pens, the following things should have been put in place already.

  • Cleaning of the house thoroughly.
  • Provision of fresh litter
  • Putting in place of all necessary equipment, in working condition.

If the chickens are grown in the laying house, the above would have been in place. However:

  • Nests should be brought in about a week before the first eggs are laid and proper nesting material should be provided.
  • A selection should be carried out; all birds considered to be unfit for laying should be removed.

If pullets have to be moved from one house to another, then apply the following rules:

  • Handle the birds carefully; catch them by both feet and do not pick them up by the wing.
  • Do not move birds during the hot part of the day; shift them in the early morning or later in the night.

Feeding the Layers

  • When daily egg production is 10%, make a gradual change from the grower feed to the layer feed.
  • Use a mix of both grower and layer feeds for one week.
  • An increase in lighting time should coincide with the change of feed.
  • Watch out for a drop in feed consumption; this is the first sign that something is wrong with the birds.
  • About 70% of the costs in poultry production are the costs of feeds, so there is no room for wasting of feed. This is the reason why the feeders should be placed properly and eliminate rats and mice.
  • Check regularly whether feeders function properly and eliminate rodents.

Click Here to View Layers Feeding Chart

Management Tips

  • When the ambient temperature is high, chickens consume less feed. So in hot climates, artificial lighting should be provided to allow the birds to eat when the temperature is relatively comfortable (early in the morning or in the night).
  • Collect the eggs several times a day like 9 am, 11 am, 1 pm and 5 pm.
  • With an artificial lighting programme the hours of egg collection should be adjusted to the time that the light is on.
  • During hot periods it may be necessary to collect the eggs more frequently to avoid the bird breaking and sucking eggs.
  • Avoid collecting the eggs in baskets or buckets. You will record more cracked eggs.
  • Dirty eggs may be cleaned by rubbing with a very fine cloth while dry. They should never be washed, because this would favour the entrance of bacteria through the shell of the egg.
  • Broodiness can be treated by placing the broody hen in a small cage with a wire floor.
  • Daily removal of inferior and unproductive birds is crucial.
  • Maintain strict hygiene and sanitation and administer drugs when necessary.
  • Keep records of important data.
  • If automatic equipment is present (for feeding, water supply, lighting, switches), check daily whether everything is in order; replace worn-out parts without delay.
  • Make sure that the farm never runs out of feed. If this happens and you starve your birds, their egg production will reduce.
  • Weigh the daily feed supply to avoid underfeeding and overfeeding.
  • Dead (diseased) birds should be disposed of by burning in an incinerator.
  • Don’t allow your birds to come into lay too early. If they do, most of them will suffer from prolapse . One of the ways to prevent this is by reducing light (daylight or artificial light) during the growing period.
  • It is important not to supply antibiotics to stimulate egg weight and egg production during the first months of egg laying or to change to layers’ feed too early.

How to Make Layers Lay inside the Nests in Deep Litter System

  • Place nests in the darkest spot in the house
  • Provide suitable and ample nesting material
  • Make sure that the number of nests is adequate
  • Close the nests at nightfall
  • Darken the nests with a kind of curtain

Medication and Vaccination

The standard vaccination programme for layers from day 1 until 16 weeks of age is as follows:

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poultry farming business plan for layers

Akinbobola A.

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2 thoughts on “A Beginner’s Guide to Layer Farming”

IAM intrest in the bussness

Thank you for your information. Very comprehensive. How can we get a a soft copy?

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Poultry Farming Business Plan

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We’ll walk you through a sample chicken farming business plan so you can start writing yours right now with Upmetrics .

A business plan outlines your five-year growth strategy and a current picture of your poultry farm. It outlines your company’s objectives and your plan for achieving them.

Download the sample poultry farming business plan and get started with your business.

How to Write a Poultry Business Plan?

You need a business plan if you want to start a chicken farm or grow your existing one. We will go over each section of a detailed business plan for a chicken-raising company.

Poultry Farming Business Plan Outline

This is the typical structure for a business plan for a poultry farm, and it includes all the key elements that you should have in your plan.

Business Plan Outline

Mission statement.

  • Keys to success
  • Location and Facilities
  • Industry Analysis
  • Challenges facing the poultry industry
  • Market segmentation
  • Target market segment strategy
  • Market trends
  • Startup costs
  • Product Description
  • Future products
  • Service Description
  • Future services
  • Competition
  • Competitive edge
  • Marketing strategy
  • Pricing and promotion strategy
  • Web Strategy
  • Sales strategy
  • SWOT analysis
  • Socio-cultural
  • Technological
  • Management team
  • Faustin Hategekimana
  • Aisha Alimi
  • Khadijah Khalid
  • Asmau Abubakar
  • Eric Hagenimana
  • Lawal Nura Bada
  • Hiring Plan
  • Projected Profit and Loss
  • Projected Cash Flow
  • Projected Balance Sheet
  • Financial risks
  • Health risks
  • Technological risks

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poultry farming business plan for layers

Executive Summary

Although it is typically the last piece you write because it summarises each important element of your poultry farm business plan , your executive summary serves as an introduction to your business plan.

The investor’s attention should be quickly captured by your executive summary. Inform them of the type of poultry farm you manage and its current condition.

For instance, do you operate poultry farm businesses across the country, are you just starting, or do you already have one and want to grow it?

Poultry Farm Business Plan mission statement marketing strategy

Keys To Success

Financial summary.

Projected costs at the moment, or in the upcoming five years, mention them all. Attach all the financial statements.

  • Net Income: The profitability indicator is known as net income and is calculated by subtracting total business expenses, interest costs, taxes, and depreciation from the total money your company generated over a given time.

Business Overview

Your business overview’s opening line should serve as a kind of elevator pitch for your organization. A succinct statement outlining who you are and what you do.

Name all the owners and the part of their roles they will be playing in your firm. If you are confused, then to get the exact idea about how to write it download our sample chicken farming business plan template

Describe the location in your  chicken business plan , and also what facilities you are going to provide.

Market Analysis

You must give a general summary of the poultry farm industry in your industry analysis as given in our poultry farm business plan template.

Although it may appear unneeded, this provides several functions.

You gain knowledge by researching the poultry farm sector. It helps you gain a better understanding of the field in which you work.

Your plan can be improved with the help of market research, particularly if you discover market trends.

Define your target industry and all the challenges possible in your broiler chicken farming business plan.

Startup Summary

A start-up summary in a business plan includes a description of your goods and services, the organization of your company, your target market, your marketing approach, the necessary funding financial predictions, and licensing requirements.

It functions as a road plan for your company.

Products And Services

Give details about the products and services you provide in this section. Whatever your future plans for all the services and products are, mention them too.

If there are any additional services you want to provide, then mention them too in your poultry farm business plan. For instance, “We want to offer home delivery as a manner of providing for our customers for clients willing to purchase at least a specified quantity of our things.”

Competitive Analysis

Before focusing on the latter, your competitive analysis should list your company’s direct and indirect competitors.

The other poultry farms with whom you compete should be listed in terms of direct competition. You’ll likely face the most competition from nearby poultry farms.

List the benefits and drawbacks of each of these rival companies in a concise description. If you haven’t previously worked there, it won’t be possible for you to know everything about your competitors’ businesses.

Your areas of competitive advantage should be listed as the last component of your competitive analysis. For instance:

  • Will you employ better production techniques?
  • Will you offer services that aren’t offered by your rivals?
  • Will your customer service improve?
  • Will you provide lower prices?

Consider strategies to beat the competition and list them in this portion of your  poultry farm business plan template.

Market Strategy And Implementation

Your marketing team has a roadmap thanks to a marketing implementation in your  chicken farming business plan. It also demonstrates how marketing will appear in the future.

In essence, a marketing implementation strategy uses methods like marketing processes, sprints, checklists, and marketing templates to transform everything into a clear process.

Do the SWOT analysis here, and share your sales strategy, pricing & promotion strategy in this section.

Download the template and get started with your business plan-making process.

Management And Organization Structure

A solid management staff is crucial to proving the viability of your poultry farm.

Highlight the information and experience that show your key players’ ability to grow a business and draw attention to their backgrounds.

You and/or your team members should ideally have first-hand knowledge of running a chicken farm. If so, emphasize your experience and knowledge in the  broiler farming business plan.

Highlight any experience you believe will assist your firm in succeeding.

Financial Plan

Financial Summary

Your 5-year financial statement, broken down into monthly or quarterly segments for the first year and then annually after that, should be included in your financial plan.

Your cash flow, balance sheet, and income statement are all components of your financial statements.

Risk Assessment

Through the process of risk assessment, it is possible to examine potential consequences if a risk arises.

A business impact analysis (BIA) is a technique for evaluating the effects of potentially interrupting time-sensitive or important company processes. There are various risks to take into account, here below are some:

Include all of your financial estimates in the appendix of your  poultry farm business plan template , along with any additional materials that can strengthen your case.

You may, for instance, provide the lease or title to your farm, as well as the production facility’s plans.

The Quickest Way to turn a Business Idea into a Business Plan

Fill-in-the-blanks and automatic financials make it easy.

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Download a sample poultry farm business plan

Need help writing your business plan from scratch? Here you go;  download our free poultry farming business plan pdf  to start.

It’s a modern business plan template specifically designed for your poultry farm business. Use the example business plan as a guide for writing your own.

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How to Start Poultry Farming Business – Chicken Farming Business Plan For Beginners

If you are interested in being a poultry farmer, you must want to know how to start a poultry farming business for beginners, this article tell you the chicken farming business plan which could be helpful for you.

Why to Start Poultry Farming Business Plan

A Poultry farming business can be called one of the most lucrative in the world if it is managed properly. The poultry farmers now we have are not enough that’s why chicken farming business has become so much profitable. It has become the finest opportunity of making a good amount of money in a short period of time. This article will focus on the process of poultry farming, the process of poultry from small farm and how to make it a big one.

1. Fast Reproduction and Large in Numbers

A healthy layer chicken almost lays an egg every day or 4 eggs in a week sometimes it lays 7 eggs in a week too, these all depends on the quality of your birds. Some birds can lay 325 eggs in a year. And it takes 21 days to hatch. Technically this means that a layer chicken is able to produce another layer twice in three days. So, if you have 500 healthy California white birds they are capable of giving you 12,000 chicks within 40 days.

chicken egg farm

2. A Fast Growth Rate

The most interesting thing about the poultry is its high growth rate. It takes about 21 days when the eggs are hatched. After their birth it takes about 27 to 28 weeks when they are fully ready for the market. That means a poultry farmer starts earning his income in just 31 weeks after he has successfully started his poultry farming business. According to the calculation he will be able to double his income in a year. However there are some uncertainties in this business, mortality and diseases are some of them but it can be reduced by taking proper managements and vaccination.

3. Sales at a Very Profitable Price

The market price of a bird is not so low you can a good profit from it. The price of a fully grown healthy chicken is about 10 to 11 dollar in the market. So if you are the one who produce 12,000 chickens in 40 days in his farm, you obviously are making 120,000 dollar when they are sold completely.

4. The Egg Market is Also Large

The poultry egg market is also good and very profitable. With the meat business, the poultry eggs are another source of good profit. You can earn about 2 to 3 dollar for each crate of smaller eggs and 3-4 for bigger one. Every crate has 30 eggs. So if you have 500 layers in your farm and they lays 12,000 eggs in a month and if you want to sell all of them then you are making 1,500 dollar per month.

Now you can see poultry farming business is a very easy way to make a good profit. But the question is how to start your poultry farming business plan?

Before Starting Your Poultry Farming Business Plan

Before you start your chicken farm business, you have to make a poultry farming business plan, it is very important for all types of business. A business plan is like a road map which tells you where you are going with your business. A business plan will tell you at which point you are now in your business. Your poultry farming business plan should include the following points.

1. Select The Type of Poultry Bird

The first step of starting a poultry business is the selection of bird type. Here you will choose the type of birds is that layer chicken or broiler. You can choose any of them it totally up to you. There are some other types of birds that you can bring in your consideration. They are the duck, goose, turkey etc.

chicken farming business plan

2. Select The Cage Type of Your Poultry

Another important factor consider before baking the final plan of your chicken farm is to select the chicken cage type and size. Maybe you are thinking that, this is not that much necessary to think before starting the business, but believe it actually is. Estimating over your cost over the chicken cages will affect both positively and negatively on your entire poultry business plan. So go through the cage type on our website and choose the best type of cages you need.

3. Sort out The Area of Interest

You can’t start poultry business without a goal. You have to choose a path where you want to flow your business. This will concentrate your focus in one point and will ensure higher level of professionalism but if you want to work with two areas then no problem. Here are some niches of poultry farming.

  • Layer Chicken Breeding : These are mainly used for egg production.
  • Broiler Breeding : It is used for chicken meat production.
  • Hatchery : Is for hatching new chicks.
  • Poultry feed : It produce feeds for other poultry farms.

You can choose any of them. You can choose breed layer and broiler together if you want to.

4. Specify Poultry Location

Another important sector of poultry farming is choosing the location where you will set up for your business. It has a direct impact with the start up cost. My preferable place for a poultry farm is a rural area with a road nearby. This will reduce your cost of land and labor. When you start your poultry farming business you may not want to spend all of your money for a land in urban area. There are some other difficulties in urban area with poultry farming. Govt. will not allow you to make a farm in a residential area for health issue. So it is better to select a perfect land for your business in a rural area.

5. Investment Capital

After you have specified your location now you know how much capital you are required to start your chicken farming business plan. Write down all of your capital you need and manage the source where to get manage it.

Like every business the bigger your business plan the bigger you have to invest. You have to decide how much capital you can afford for this business.

Poultry Farming Business Plan – How to Get Going?

You have all of your business plans ready but if you don’t apply it then all are useless. We consider you have your capital ready if you have that then start for the next steps.

Step 1: Buy The Land

Like we suggested you earlier you have to choose a land which is a remote place from city. But remember don’t choose any place which is too far from the city and which don’t have any well transportation system.

Step 2: Build The Required Structure

A good housing system is very important for your poultry farming business. A good housing system not only save your chickens from danger but also increase your profit in poultry business. Every poultry housing systems are classified according to the management system, scale and the use. The common types of poultry housing systems used are

  • Half litter
  • Deep litter

Step 3: Buy Cages

Purchasing chicken cages is a very important part of the business as many of the affecting factors directly depends on the size, orientation, strength and layout of the chicken cage. Make proper measurements and analyze your poultry size and budget before buying the chicken cage. Here are the available chicken cages we offer – layer chicken cage (battery cage) , baby chick cage , broiler cage , commercial quail cages and commercial rabbit cages , etc. Hightop Poultry Equipment is one of the leading chicken cage and poultry farm equipment manufacturer in China, contact us now to get the free layout design according to your chicken house and birds quantity.

battery cage system layer chicken cage

We have got another article in this blog describing the usage and utility of each of the cage types and surely that will help you to choose the best fit of your poultry.

Step 4: Buy Birds/Chicks

It is perfect decision to choose day old chick to start your poultry business. Before you buy these chicks find a reliable Hatchery where you can get healthy chicks. It will not cost you too much.

Step 5: Other Items and Accessories You Need

There are some other poultry cage accessories like drinkers , feeders , Parches, crates, nests, lighting system , egg incubator , waste disposal system , etc.

You have to consider these costs too. And as an eventual part of plan, we also provide you the best poultry farm equipment like – Automatic egg collector , automatic feeding system , automatic manure removal machine , disinfectant fogging machine and cooling system, etc. in a very affordable price and top quality.

Challenges in Poultry Business Startup

Poultry farming is one of the most profitable business in these days. But you have to know the risk of this business. Though there are no businesses which are beyond risk and challenges.

1. Lack of Government Support

From our previous experiences we all may think that govt. will help us at our critical time in this business. But don’t be sure about it. Prepare yourself that govt. will not help when you need them. Think that you have to run your business alone without the help of any one. Take a backup for sudden loss. It may help you to run your business properly and if you get help from the govt. think that it is a bonus.

2. A Very High Starting Capital

It is said money is everything. So without a proper funding you will not be able to run your business. Like other business, poultry farming business also needs proper funding. Without it you may not be able to add extra facilities which will increase your production rate.

You need proper funding to purchase land, poultry farm equipment, food for your chick and you need to pay your labor. In all sector you need a good capital. So you should do a research on your cost and capital you have then you should start your poultry farm business. We can provide you the poultry cage and chicken farm equipment with good price, help you to save money.

3. Disease Out Breaking

A dirty environment in your firm will invite many diseases and infections. Poultry are very sensitive to the environmental changes. If the poultry farm is not taken care of properly the birds will easily be exposed to different kinds of bacteria. You have to keep your poultry farm clean as much as possible. Automatic manure cleaning system, disinfectant fogging machine and ventilating system can help you.

Chicken Farm Portable Disinfection Sprayer

You must not bring any contaminated equipment, footwear or even vehicles. Also do not allow any visitors in your poultry farm environment.

4. Other Influencing Factors

There are some other factors that can affect your poultry farming business like proper vaccination. You have to be able to afford it may become difficult for you if you are a small scale poultry farmer. So the thing you have to do is gather some other farmers like you and buy the vaccine.

Another challenge in poultry farming is the high cost of poultry food. So it is seen that most of the farmers who have a little capital, economize or ration the food. It affects the profit in a large scale.

Want to buy chicken cage and poultry farm equipment to start your own poultry farming business? Please feel free to contact us.

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Everything You Need to Know to Create a Profitable Poultry Farm

Last Updated: February 22, 2024 Approved

  • Choosing a Farm Type
  • Establishing the Farm
  • Caring for Chickens
  • Growing Your Farm

This article was co-authored by Brian Honigman . Brian Honigman is a Marketing Consultant and the Owner of Honigman Media LLC. With over a decade of marketing experience, he specializes in consulting with organizations about digital marketing, social media, and content marketing. Brian holds BA in Political Science and Journalism from The University of Pittsburgh. In addition to being a Consultant, Brian is an Adjunct Marketing Professor at New York University and Francisco Marroquín University. His work providing consulting services, training workshops, and coaching programs led to him being named “Digital Marketing Expert” by Entrepreneur and a “Top Social Media Pro” by Social Media Examiner. Brian’s notable clients include The United Nations Development Programme, Thomson Reuters, NATO, and People Magazine. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 154 testimonials and 87% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 1,740,649 times.

Running a chicken farm requires more than just agricultural know-how. If you want to be a chicken farmer, you must also think like a business person while growing your brand. Choosing a focus, establishing a brand, raising your chickens, and building your business are all part of chicken farming. Then, as your farm grows, you'll be able to market, finance, and network to grow your business. In this article, we’ll teach you everything you need to know to start a successful chicken farm business.

Quick Steps to Start a Chicken Farm

  • Decide if you want an egg- or meat-production farm and choose the best chicken breeds for your focus.
  • Buy the land for your farm and purchase supplies like coops, brooders, and feeders. Apply for a loan if necessary.
  • Market your farm by creating a website, making ads, and attending agriculture conferences to network.

Choosing a Focus, Breed, and Location

Step 1 Choose an egg-laying farm if you want to work with egg production.

  • Although less common, some chicken farms handle both meat production and egg-laying. If you choose this option, it may require twice as much equipment and physical labor.
  • Studies show that eggs from chickens raised in good environments have double or triple the omega-3 fatty acid content and a third of the cholesterol as other eggs. By creating an egg-laying farm, you can assure your customers that they weren’t fed or exposed to unhealthy chemicals. [2] X Research source

Step 2 Create a meat production farm if you're interested in processing meat.

  • Broiler farms typically grow between 4 and 8 flocks a year, depending on the size of the chickens.
  • Large chickens are typically processed into value-added products like chicken patties and chicken fingers. Medium-sized chickens are often packaged as boneless breasts or whole rotisserie chickens. Small chickens are often sold as fast food products. [4] X Research source

Step 3 Choose a specialty niche for your business, if desired.

  • Egg or meat processing: Processing poultry products for taste, quality, and safety
  • Marketing poultry products: Promoting poultry products through advertisements to increase revenue
  • Chicken breeding: Raising, breeding , and selling chickens for pet owners or other farmers

Step 4 Pick a chicken breed that matches your farming goals.

  • If you want to start an egg-laying farm, for example, you may want to choose a layer breed like Rhode Island Red, Hamburg, or Sussex chickens. [7] X Research source
  • Some good broiler breeds include the Cornish Cross, Bresse, Buckeye, and Delaware chickens. [8] X Research source
  • You can find a list of popular chicken breeds and their specialties at https://chickenbreedslist.com/ .

Step 5 Find a location close to your city's limits.

  • The further you move from your city or town, the cheaper the land will be.
  • If you can't find land near the city limits, look for land in the countryside where you'll have plenty of space to farm.
  • Poultry expert Alexandra Doss recommends that you “have at least an acre or so” of land for a chicken farm, but “a quarter of an acre is fine for a few chickens, too.”

Establishing Your Chicken Farm

Step 1 Pursue a Bachelor's degree in agriculture or business.

  • If you choose agriculture or poultry science, add a business minor (or vice-versa) to take classes on marketing, leadership, and other relevant topics.
  • Get your degree online if you don't have time for a traditional four-year degree.
  • Other ways to learn about poultry farming include taking a training course or consulting an established farmer for advice and mentorship.
  • If you’re starting a farm in the United States, consider applying for an LLC, which has many benefits for startups.

Step 3 Create a business plan for your chicken farm.

  • If you're running a meat productions farm, for example, you could include your plans for raising and butchering chickens, revenue goals or the first year, and plans for marketing your poultry products in stores.
  • Business plans are useful for attracting investors or business partners down the road.

Step 4 Apply for a loan to fund your chicken farm if necessary.

  • Bring a business outline, evidence of your credit history, pay stubs, and anything else requested by the bank to your meeting.
  • Start with a loan for the minimum amount of equipment and chickens for your farm. You can always get a larger loan as your business grows.

Step 5 Purchase all of the necessary equipment for your chicken farm.

  • Lighting instruments
  • Waterers or heaters
  • Waste disposal system

Step 6 Determine whether to hire laborers for your farm.

  • Start with a small farm so you don't have to pay workers until your chicken farm business is successful.
  • If you need to hire more workers, try to hire those with years of experience in poultry farming for better stability. You’ll also likely need an administrative manager to keep an eye on daily business.

Raising and Caring for Chickens

Step 1 Set up coops or cages for your chickens.

  • Extensive: A cost-effective system in which your chickens roam freely on the ground and just have a shelter.
  • Semi-intensive: In this system, you’ll breed half your chickens in cages and the other half will roam freely on the ground. This system protects the chickens from predators and bad weather.
  • Deep-litter: This system is best for broilers. The chickens can move freely on the ground made of straw, sawdust, and leaves. This system allows you to easily feed them and reach their eggs without unnecessary hurdles.
  • Slatted or wired: This system includes creating small houses with wooden slats or wired mesh flooring. The slats are 4 feet above the ground and you can easily feed the chickens and collect eggs . This is ideal for adult birds as the houses have a low temperature.
  • Battery-caged: In this system, you’ll place the birds in metal cages and separate them into groups. Each cage has its own food and water containers and provides nests for the chickens to lay eggs in. This is the most effective system for egg production, but it may be too expensive for a new business.
  • Build the chicken coop or cage at about 4 sq ft (0.37 m 2 ) per chicken. [17] X Research source
  • Clean the chicken coop or cage regularly to prevent the chickens from spreading diseases.

Step 2 Raise chicks for your farm.

  • When buying chicks, always do some research beforehand to make sure the breeder is dependable. You don’t want to invest a ton of money on chicks just to discover they’re sick or malnourished.
  • Make sure you have the brooder ready before buying and stocking the chicks.

Step 3 Feed your chickens daily.

  • You can also give chickens corn, halved grapes, or cabbage as a treat, but avoid feeding them these treats more than several times a week as it's less healthy than chicken feed. [19] X Trustworthy Source The Humane Society of the United States National organization devoted to the promotion of animal welfare Go to source
  • Nearly 70% of your production cost comes from supplying poultry feed.
  • As you become more experienced, consider learning how to prepare your own feed . Until then, buying it from the market is fine.
  • If your chickens aren’t fed properly, they’ll produce fewer eggs and become susceptible to various diseases.
  • If you use ingredients like maize, ensure the moisture content is never above 10-11%, as this may lead to fungus. To prevent this, purchase your feed from a reliable company.
  • 4 Make sure your chickens get enough light. In general, chickens need about 16 hours of light. For broiler breeds, yellow, red, or orange light is best. Consult a lighting expert before buying your chickens to make sure you have the correct arrangements. [20] X Research source

Step 5 Bring sick or infested chickens to a veterinarian.

  • As there is currently no effective treatment for poultry diseases, vaccinate your chickens to keep the diseases from spreading. Some common vaccines include RDV, Fowl Pox, Cholera, and Mycoplasma. Consult with your vet to get your chickens vaccinated.
  • Not all vets have experience working with chickens, so locate a poultry vet ahead of time. [22] X Trustworthy Source The Humane Society of the United States National organization devoted to the promotion of animal welfare Go to source

Growing Your Poultry Farm

Step 1 Write down your farming sales and production records for future reference.

  • If you notice that you're spending too much on chicken feed, for example, shop around with different suppliers to find cheaper feed.
  • You can also hire an accountant or financial advisor to keep your records organized for you.

Step 2 Market your poultry farm to spread the word.

  • Creating a logo for your business can also provide visibility for your brand. Make sure it aligns with your business (for example, you could never go wrong with incorporating a chicken into your logo) and put it on your website and business cards.
  • If you don’t have a large budget, however, don’t splurge on a logo when you can invest your money into your actual business.
  • Make use of social media, as well. Consider making a Facebook, Instagram, and even a TikTok account to spread the word about your business. Be sure to post regularly!

Step 3 Connect with other farming businesses.

  • Connect with your friends and neighbors, too. Even if they’re not farmers themselves, they may know people who are interested in buying from you or investing in your business.

Step 4 Apply for more loans or investments to grow your business.

  • If you're running a chicken breeding farm, for example, you may want a loan to buy better egg incubators.
  • 5 Consider raising other types of poultry. Once you feel comfortable with your chicken business, you may want to branch out and raise other birds like turkeys, geese, or even peacocks. Always do your research beforehand to make sure you and your farm are capable of taking on more responsibilities. [25] X Trustworthy Source Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations Specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for leading international efforts to end world hunger and improve nutrition Go to source

Community Q&A

Andy Winder

  • If you're not up for starting a chicken farm from scratch, you can also invest in or buy an existing franchise instead. [26] X Research source Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • Research methods that successful chicken farms use as a guide for your business. Popular poultry farms include Cargill Meat Solutions, Hormel Foods Corp, Tyson Foods, JBS USA, and Smithfield Foods. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

poultry farming business plan for layers

  • Always wash your hands thoroughly after handling chickens. Live poultry often carry salmonella. [27] X Research source Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

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Make Feed for Chickens

  • ↑ https://survivallife.com/what-advantages-chicken-farming/
  • ↑ https://www.greenamerica.org/green-living/many-benefits-backyard-chickens
  • ↑ https://www.aces.edu/blog/topics/farming/new-farmers-guide-to-the-commercial-broiler-industry-poultry-husbandry-biosecurity-basics/
  • ↑ https://www.poultry.care/blog/how-to-start-a-successful-poultry-care-farming-business
  • ↑ https://www.fao.org/poultry-production-products/production/poultry-species/chickens/en/
  • ↑ https://www.canr.msu.edu/uploads/234/69325/Chicken_Breed_Chart_to_Help_Choose_Your_Chicken.pdf
  • ↑ https://animal-world.com/best-meat-chicken-breeds/
  • ↑ https://withmydegree.org/can-degree-agriculture/
  • ↑ https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/plan-your-business/write-your-business-plan
  • ↑ https://chickenscage.com/news/how-much-does-the-poultry-farm-equipment-cost.html
  • ↑ https://www.fao.org/poultry-production-products/production/management-and-housing/en/
  • ↑ https://grubblyfarms.com/blogs/the-flyer/how-big-of-a-coop-do-i-need
  • ↑ https://www.humanesociety.org/resources/adopting-and-caring-backyard-chickens
  • ↑ https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/decreasing-daylight-and-its-effect-on-laying-hens
  • ↑ https://extension.missouri.edu/publications/g8903
  • ↑ https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/what-kind-of-records-should-i-keep
  • ↑ https://www.nerdwallet.com/article/small-business/how-to-apply-small-business-loan
  • ↑ https://www.fao.org/poultry-production-products/production/poultry-species/en/
  • ↑ https://www.investors.com/promoted-content/franshares/how-to-generate-passive-income-through-franchise-investing/
  • ↑ https://www.health.state.mn.us/diseases/animal/backyard.html

About This Article

Brian Honigman

To start a chicken farm business, decide if you want to focus on eggs, meat production, or another specialty niche, then obtain the necessary equipment. Next, choose a chicken breed that matches your farming goals and set up coops or cages to keep them in. Feed and care for your chickens daily and be sure to separate any chickens that seem ill from the rest of the population. Don't forget to market your business by creating a website and advertisements! For more tips on choosing the best breed for your goals, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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Layer Chicken Farming Business Plan: Step-by-Step to Start, Setup Cost, Requirements, and Profit

Table of contents, conduct market research, choose a suitable location, building the farm, obtaining the right equipment, sourcing the right chickens, feeding and maintenance, vaccination, marketing and sales, how much does it cost to start a layer poultry farm, is layer poultry farming profitable.

Layer chicken farming is a highly profitable business that involves raising chickens for their eggs. The eggs are sold to different market outlets, including supermarkets, food processors, hotels, and households. This business can be carried out on a small or large scale, and with the right planning and execution, it can bring in substantial profits. Below we will discuss the layer chicken farming business plan and the investments and profits involved in the layer poultry farm business.

Layer Chicken Farming Business Plan

Layer Chicken Farming Business Plan

A step-by-step guide to starting a layer chicken farm business.

The first step in starting a layer chicken farming business is conducting market research. This involves determining the demand for eggs in your area and the target market. You should also research the different types of eggs in demand and the prices they are being sold for. This information will help you determine the number of chickens you need to rear and the size of the farm you need to build.

The location you choose for your layer chicken farm will impact the success of your business. The farm should be located in an area that is easily accessible, has a reliable water and power source, and is far from residential areas to minimize the chances of complaints about noise or smell.

The next step is building the farm. You can either build a free-range or a cage-free system. A free-range system will initially require a larger piece of land and more investment, but it will result in a more profitable business in the long run. A cage-free system, on the other hand, is more convenient and requires less investment.

Once you have built the farm, you must obtain the right equipment. This includes feeders, drinkers, lights, heating, and cooling systems, ventilation systems, and cages. What chicken-raising tools you require will depend on the size of your farm and how many birds you want to breed.

The next step is sourcing the right chickens. You can purchase day-old chicks from a hatchery or a local farmer. The type of chicken you purchase will depend on the demand for eggs in your area. The most popular breeds for layer chickens include Leghorn, Rhode Island Red, and Sussex.

Layer chickens require a balanced diet to ensure their health and to produce high-quality eggs. You should purchase high-quality feed from a reputable supplier. You should also ensure that the chickens have access to clean water. Regular cleaning of the farm is also important to ensure the chickens’ health and to prevent disease.

The result is a hen that is more resistant to disease. This aids in preventing the spread of disease and prolonging their lives. However, it’s important to remember that sick hens shouldn’t be vaccinated (keep sick birds isolated) and to disinfect the vaccination equipment with hot, boiling water or an antiseptic/germicide before each vaccination. To prevent disease in layer hens, these vaccinations can be administered.

It’s important to highlight that a sick hen doesn’t need to be vaccinated (keep sick birds isolated) and to disinfect the vaccination equipment with hot, boiling water or an antiseptic/germicide before using it. To prevent disease in layer hens, these vaccinations can be administered. In addition to Marex, Gamboro, and Salmonella, there are many more vaccines.

Sales and marketing are fundamental to the success of any business. You should create a marketing plan to advertise your eggs in local supermarkets, restaurants, and hotels. You can also create a website to promote your business and sell your eggs online. You can also participate in local farmers’ markets to increase visibility and generate more sales.

In case you missed it: Broiler Chicken Farming Business Plan: Things to Consider While Starting a Poultry Farm

Chicken Farm Egg Management

Layer poultry farming in India requires a substantial investment to establish the infrastructure and acquire the necessary resources. The initial investment required for starting a layer poultry farm varies depending on the production scale, type of equipment, and farm location. On average, a small-scale layer poultry farm with a capacity of around 1000 birds can cost anywhere between 5 to 10 lakhs.

However, larger-scale operations with higher capacity may require an investment of up to 50 lakhs or more. In addition to the initial investment, ongoing expenses such as feed, vaccination, labor, and electricity must also be considered. The feed cost is one of the biggest expenses in layer poultry farming, accounting for around 60-70% of the total cost.

Additionally, proper housing and equipment are crucial for the well-being of the birds and must be of good quality to ensure optimal production. An adequate power supply and access to clean water are also essential for a successful layer poultry farm. To maximize profits, farmers must be diligent in managing their expenses and continuously monitor their birds’ health and productivity.

Layer poultry farming in India is a profitable business as there is a growing demand for eggs in the country. The poultry industry is well established in India, with many small and large-scale poultry farms. One of the main advantages of layer poultry farming is that the cost of production is relatively low, and the market demand is high. Capital investment return rates of 20-30% are not uncommon in this industry.

In case you missed it: 45 Days Chicken Business Plan: A Poultry Guide for Beginners

Poultry Farm Shelter

The cost of setting up a layer poultry farm in India can vary depending on the size of the farm, the breed of birds, and the location. The average cost can range from Rs. 1-2 lakhs. The total production cost per bird per year is estimated to be around Rs. 1,800. If a farmer has a flock of 1,000 birds, he/she/they can expect a profit of Rs. 12-18 lakhs per year. Farmers can also sell the spent hens to the meat industry for a good price, adding to their profits. With proper management and efficient production, layer poultry farming in India can be highly profitable for farmers.

In conclusion, layer chicken farming is a highly profitable business that can be carried out on a small or large scale. With the right planning and execution, this business can bring in substantial profits. If you follow the advice in this article, you should be able to start and maintain a profitable layer chicken farming business.

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10000 Layer Farming Project Report For Beginners

Table of contents, introduction to 10000 layer farming project report, investment analysis of 10000 layer farming project, fixed and non-recurring analysis for 10000 layer farming project:, recurring expenditure analysis for 10000-layer poultry layer unit:, depreciation analysis for 10000 layer farming project :.

  • Read about  Mud Crab Fattening.

The following is all about the 10000 Layer Farming Project of commercial poultry farming business.

What is layer poultry farming? well, It is nothing but raising egg-laying chickens for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer poultry birds should be raised from when they are 1 day old. These birds start laying eggs from 6 to 7 months of age. They remain to lay eggs continuously till their 6 to 7 months of age. They usually consume a feed of 2 to 2.5 kg per day during commercial egg-laying production. They produce 1 kg of eggs daily. There are many types of highly egg-productive layer breed hens available throughout the world. There are two categories of layer poultry birds, one is white egg-laying hens and another one is a brown egg-laying hen. Layer hens selection, vaccination, proper and secured poultry house, feed management layer bird management practices play a major role in the commercial layer poultry farming project. Profits in layer poultry farming projects vary from region to region. As the egg is nutritious and egg consumption is increasing rapidly along with the world population hence one can properly plan for commercial layer poultry farming for a profitable business.

Here, in this article find the model/sample project report for 10,000 layer poultry farming. Please understand that these figures mentioned in this layer farming project report may change from time to time and area to area. This is just to understand and have a basic idea of cost and profits in a commercial layer poultry farming project.

Young Layer Birds.

Particulars Required for 10000 layer farming project  

  • Requirements and Rate for Land = Owned

Cost of Land = 3 to 4 lakhs.

  • Shed Construction for 10000 layer farming project
  • Layer House.
  • Cost of the House:

Requirement and Rate for House = 8500Sft.@ Rs.60/ per square feet.

Cost for House = 5,10,000.

  • Cost of the cages:

Requirement and Rate for cage = Rs.46/ Bird.

Cost for cage =  Rs 4,60,000.  

  • Brooder/Grower House for 10000 layer farming project.
  • Requirements and rate for Brooder/Grower House = 6,000 [email protected]/Per s.ft.
  • Cost for Brooder/Grower House = Rs 3,30,000.
  • Equipment and Material required for 10000 layer farming project
  • Brooder/Grower House (150 birds).

Requirement and rate for Brooder/Grower House =70 No.s @ Rs.500 each.

Cost for Brooder/Grower House =  Rs 35,000.

  • Chick Guards.

Requirement and rate for Chick Guards = 700 Pieces @ Rs. 15 each.

Cost for Chick Guards = 10,500.

  • Wheel Barrows:

Requirement and rate for Wheel Barrows=300 No.s @ Rs. 32 each.

Cost for Wheel Barrows = Rs 9,600.

  • Waterers for chicks:

Requirement and rate for Waterers for chicks =300 No. s @ Rs.25 each.

Cost for Waterers for chicks = 7,500.

  • Grower feeders:

Requirement and rate for Grower feeders =300 No.s Rs.64 each.

Cost for Grower feeders = Rs19,200.

  • Grower Waterers:

Requirement and rate for Grower Waterers = 300 No.s @ Rs. 42 each.

Cost for 10000 Grower Waterers = Rs 12,600.

  • Water through type:

Requirement and rate for Water through type = 300 No.s @ Rs. 80 each.

Cost for Water through type = Rs 24,000.

Requirement and rate for Debeaker = 1 No. @ Rs. 2,000.

Cost for Debeaker = Rs 2000.

Requirement and rate for Wheel Barrows =1 No. @ Rs. 3,000.

Cost for Wheel Barrows = Rs 3000.

Requirement and rate forBlow fame = 1 No. @ Rs. 3,000.

Cost for Blow fame = Rs 3,000.

  • Water pressure cleaner:

Requirement and rate for Water pressure cleaner =1 No. @ Rs. 5,000.

Cost for Water pressure cleaner= Rs 5,000.

Requirement and rate for Wheel Barrows=1 No. @ Rs. 1,000.

Cost for Wheel Barrows = Rs 1,000.

Total: Land + Shed Construction + Brooder / Grower House+ Layer House+ Equipment: 14,34,400.

Brown Egg Layers.

Particular Required for 10000-Layer Poultry Layer Unit:

  • Cost of the chicks for 10000 layer farming project

Requirements and rate for the chicks=Rs 15/chick.

Cost of the chicks = Rs 1,50,000.

  • Miscellaneous / Electricity for 10000-Layer Poultry Layer Unit:

Requirements and rate for Miscellaneous / Electricity= Rs.10,000/ Month.

Cost of Miscellaneous / Electricity = Rs 1,80,000.

  • Cost of Feeding for 10000-Layer Poultry Farm:
  • Chick Phase:

Requirements and rate for chick phase= 1.8 Kg/chick, 1.8 x 10,000 =18,000 Rs.8.5/Kg, 18,000 x 8.5.

Cost of chick phase = Rs 1,53,000.

  • Grower Phase(4% mortality/death rate):

Requirements and rate for Grower Phase = 5.5 Kg/bird, 5.5 x 9,600=52800 ;Rs.7.0/ Kg, 52,800 x 7.0.

Cost of Grower Phase = Rs 3,69,600.

  • Layer Phase:

Requirements and rate for layer phase = 40 Kg/bird, 40X9200 = 36800 ; Rs.7.0/Kg, 368000X7.5.

Cost of Layer phase = Rs 27,60,000.

  • Cost of Vaccination and Medication for 10000 Layer Farming Project:

Requirements and rate for Vaccination and Medication = Rs. 5/ bird.

Cost for Vaccination and Medication = Rs 50,000.

  • Cost of the Labor (3 persons for 18 months) for 10000 Layer Farming Project :

Requirements and rate for Labor = Rs.2000 / Month  = 3 x 18 x 2000.

Total cost for labor = Rs 1,08,000.

Total: Cost of the chicks + Miscellaneous / Electricity + Cost of Feeding + Cost of Vaccination and Medication + Cost of the labor= 37,40,600.

Income Analysis for 10000 Layer Farming Project :

Particulars required Layer Poultry Unit:

  • Sale of eggs (290 eggs/ bird) Hen housed basis for 10000 Layer Farming Project :

Quantity and Rate for Sale of eggs = 29,00,0000  x 1.08.

Amount for Sale of Eggs = Rs 31,32,000.

  • Sale of Spent hens for 10000-Layer Poultry Unit:

Quantity and Rate for Sale of spent hens = Rs. 30/bird.

Amount for Sale of Eggs = Rs 2,64,000.

  • Sale of Manure for 10000 Layer Poultry Unit:

Quantity and Rate for Sale of Manure = Rs. 90 bird 10,000 x 90.

Amount for Sale of Manure = Rs 9,00,000.

  • Sale of Gunnies for 10000-Layer Poultry Unit:

Quantity and Rate for Sale of Manure = Rs. 90 per bird = 10,000 x 90.

Total income = Sale of eggs + Sale of spent hens + Sale of Manure + Sale of Gunnies =  Rs 43,66,000.

Gross profit =  Rs 6,25,400.

  • One Building and cages for 10000-Layer Poultry Farm:
  • Quantity and Rate for building and cages = 5%.
  • The amount for Buildings and cages = 65,000.
  • On equipment for 10000 Layer Farming Project
  • Quantity and Rate for Equipment’s = 10%.
  • Amount for Equipment = 13,440.
  • Interest for 10000 Layer Farming Project :
  • Quantity and Rate of Interest = 12%.
  • Amount for Equipment = Rs 2,76,000.

Sub Total ( DEP+INT) = On buildings and cages + On equipment’s =  Rs 3,54,440.

Subtotal( RE) = Rs 37,40,600

Total expenditure for 10000 Layer Poultry Unit= Rs 40,95,040.

Economics for

10,000 Layer Farming Project

  • Total income = Rs 43,66,000.
  • Total Expenditure = Rs 40,95,040.
  • Net Profit = Rs 2,70,960.
  • Net Profit / Month = Rs 15,053.
  • Net profit / bird = Rs 2.71.

Total Input ( RE + Depreciation) :

                   Amount = Rs 38,19,040.

Fixed Income for 10000-Layer Poultry Unit:

              Amount = Rs 12,34,000

Total= Total Input+ fixed income = Rs 25,85,040.

Breakeven point For 10000-Layer poultry Unit:( If the rate varies the profit varies accordingly) :

Quantity and rate = Expenditure / No of eggs = 2585040/2900 000 = 0.89.

Read about  Mud Crab Fattening .

Profitable Layer Birds.

Bottom Line: The commercial Layer Poultry Farming Business is a proven profitable business.

In case if you are interested in this: How To Grow Organic Lettuce .

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57 COMMENTS

This is a good project report. If possible, send me.

We don’t have PDF files to send it. We will try to keep Farming Project Reports in PDF soon for downloads.

This is a very good project plz guide

This is a very good project. Do you know a firms which can provide me all materials or accessories for this project. I’m leaving in Germany but I need to extend my farming in a layer farming. I want to build a 10000 or 15000 layer farming.

Thank you for help and best regards

Well, there are many poultry set up consultancies. You can find many on indiamart dot come.

I thank you very much for farming project reports provided on this blog. I request you to kindly approve my project report and get it sanctioned from nabard as I am waiting for various projects for the last two years. I can also meet you personally for various reports.

The project applications should be met with all kinds of technical requirements to get it approved from NABARD. Your Local NABARD branch is right place of contact. We can’t help with your application process.

Hi, Can you please guide us how to make registration in the government for self finance Egg Layer farm. Is it required register as Private Limited Company or at District Industry Office registration is enough.

Your best point of contact is Poultry department of any Agriculture Institute.

Hi, I am looking to set up this farm in Mysore.I have a question in the report you have mentioned the selling price of egg as 1.08/egg but the actually selling price is above 3rs/egg right as my friend is doing the same business in UP and people take the egg from his farm paying rupee 4/egg.Please revert back.

Well, the report is old one and mentioned accordingly.But you should convert accordngly as per current trend.

Hi Sir, This is a very good project report and I want to start layer farming of 6000 NO.s. Please guide me what is the risk factor in it and can we get loans for this if yes then what is the procedure and how to get resources on it.

Well, You must have a time and dedication to be successful in layer poultry farming. Don not trust third part peeple to manage your farm. Unless you can able to dedicate your time and hardwork..It is not advisable.

Your Project is excellent, however, the problem is that it seems you do not want someone to use your project. Prove me wrong if you are not individualist and you do not want to share information for purpose development. I read a lot of your articles which I want to use in assisting me in setting up an agricultural project, I could not make a copy of your article.

The problem is people are making duplicate content.Hence downloads/printings are restricted

Good Project Report. Thank you.

Thank you so much for this article. Plus, I want to understand the break even point analysis. What value is successful and what value is poor.

As this article is little outdated, we will be correcting some values soon.

Very good project report contains everything about input and management

May I get a latest report as the current rates for every items related to this project are very high.

We update soon.

I am from Bihar can you suggest any one contact number who can build the egg layer farm. I tried to find the contact number but not able to find a good one. Regards

In your report, you have considered 1.08 per egg, though egg rate in market touch 3-4 per egg.

That was an old report. need to update.

Now iam start 6000 chiks broiler from and I have sheds and all other facilities . I want to estimate cost only chiks ,feed and labour in which investment ?

its good information and educative.

hello sir, plz update the latest DPR of new layer farms startup

New updated project report please.

we do it soon

Hello sir. Myself Srinivas and we would like to start a layer farming with 10000 birds so please guide us the process and registration information and also how the full procedure as well as any contact details near Andra Pradesh Vijayawada. We hope we will get reply as soon as possible. Thank you so much sir

Hello Jagdish Reddy! This is Kishore and I’m a App Developer and Could I use the Data you have provided here in my App which will be helpful to the People who are enthusiastic and excited to join into the Poultry sector? Thanks for any response.

hello i had already register my file at government off for last 5month but still taking time ….could u plz tell as how much time ty take to clear t file …

IS THIS INFO IS UPDATED INFO? IF YES THEN SEND ME

No we update soon

hi Jagdish, what do u suggest if a software professional wants to turn into layer poultry farm as full time worker. For better understanding:- ex:-If my(example) salary is 1 lakh net take home per month. If i completely move out of this and start a 15,000 poultry (exactly 15k capacity)farm would it be profitable business? i mean would i get 1 lakh income per month an average (not exactly but average income per month)? like agriculture i understand poultry is also subjected to nature conditions but f we do hard work with dedication with regular monitering..what would be the average monthly income?

Well, poultry is risky business.if you get sucees in layers, you can make good money when compared to a software professional. Start with small numbers where risk can be mitigated.Once you know in and outs of the layer poultry business..you can slowly increase the bird count. I never suggest to leave your fulltime job and get into that.

Hi….this is Sanjay from Kolkata.I want to set up layer poultry business in and around Kolkata. What would be the minimum land requirements for 100000 chicks to start with. Would it be possible for you to make a short project report for the same. Which I need to submit to my financer to get the finance. Would it be possible to earn net Rs 5 lacs per month as we have 3-4 partners to do the business. Kindly help…

I HAVE read every bit of the report thoroughly have noticed 2 things 1, with 4% mortality in every phase finale production of eggs should multiplied with around 8800 birds instead of 10000. 2, the rate of sale of egg in pakistani market is around 7 to 9 per egg wholesale. overall report is very brief and satisfactoy . grest work keep it up. pls upload 5000 ree range egg laying hen report if posible. with 50% consumption of commercial feed

Hi Jagdish, we are interested in knowing the details of layer farming for 1L birds. Can you kindly guide me regarding some consultant who can advise the step by step procedure

Hello sir, myself Mohan. Iam interested in layer poultry forming. At first I wish to start up in small count of bird ( in order to know the in and out ) . Could you please give me a step by step procedure to start it….

Hi a Jagdish. Fantastic job and very useful as well as helpful. All I want to know is about the age of your project report, I mean how old is it, so that I can change the financial variables accordingly. Thanks.

I’m interested in the poultry business

This is a good project I need the call back from your side I want to invest

Sir is there any govt subsidy for this?

Yes sir there is a PMEGP subsidy scheme available.

whats the feed cost now, year 2020 ? chick mash / kg , grower mash/kg , layer mash/kg , as feed price is very important factor that governs profit .

Yes, many things will change by region, time and other factors.

dear brother iam interesting bv380 poultry for 10000 chicks i have land we required esimate including shed

I have gone through 10000 chick DPR , I request you to share me the updated report and this report looks like 2018 and wanted to see changes as per current pricing

Do I have any point of contact in Hyderabad to work with you people indetail

I want to setup layer form of 10000 capacity in near lucknow U.P. please suggest me complete project cost

I want to setup layey farm 5000 capacity in Purulia (W.B.) Please suggest me to complete project cost.

I want to setup layer farm in Giridih please suggest me to complete project cost

I to setup of layer boiler egg 10000 capacity in Rourkela (Odisha) pls suggest me to complete project cost with full details.

i want to setup of layer boiler egg 10000 capacity in mahabubabad(telangana) please suggest to complete project cost with full details , now a days rate .

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LAYER POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN: What You Need!!!

  • by Kenechukwu Muoghalu
  • August 14, 2023
  • No comments
  • 7 minute read

layer poultry farming business plan

Table of Contents Hide

What is a layer poultry farming business plan, #1. executive summary , #2. company description, #3. market analysis and competition, #4. products and services, #5. marketing and sales strategies , #6. financial plan, #7. appendix, is layer poultry farming profitable, how do i start a poultry farming layer, how much does it cost to build a layer poultry farm, is the layer chicken business profitable, how much space do i need for 10,000 chickens, which poultry is most profitable, how many times does layers lay eggs per day, how do i start a poultry project, let us help you develop a layer poultry farming business plan in 1 day, final thoughts, what food increases egg production in chickens, how many layers eat a day, how long does it take to raise layer chickens .

Owning a commercial egg production that raises egg-laying poultry birds is a lucrative and exciting business venture here in the UK, but how do you aim to run it without a working business plan? Layer poultry farming businesses in the UK are now one of the most popular types of farming people mostly venture into. Hence, to survive in this fierce competition, you need a plan to bring your ideas to life. In this guide, we have carefully constructed a template, which can also be accessed as a PDF, to help you create a professional layer poultry farming business plan. 

Aside from this, we have also provided some basic information you might need to know about layer poultry farming. In any case, you don’t feel the need to create this business plan yourself, you can just grab a copy of our ready-made layer poultry farming business plan here .

A layer poultry farming business plan is a living document that outlines the entire description of a company; its mission, ideas, marketing and financial plans, among others. A layer poultry farming business plan also serves as a road map that naturally tells you where you are going with your business. 

With the presence of a business plan in your layer poultry farming business, you will be able to keep track of your growth and know when to apply changes. Having known this, using the template below, which can also be accessed as a PDF file , let’s carefully examine how you can create your layer poultry farming business plan with ease.  

How to Write a Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan

Writing a business plan is a straightforward process, although a lot of business owners find it hard to manoeuvre, especially when it’s their first time trying. But with the help of this unique template, which can also be accessed in doc format, you will be able to construct a professional layer poultry farming business plan with zero stress. Let’s look at some sections you need to observe when writing. 

This is the first section of your business plan, and in your executive summary , you are meant to give a brief summary of your business plan and what it encompasses. In essence, you are needed to cover the company’s product, niche, mission statement, leadership, operations, location, and financial projections among others. It should be a summary of your whole business plan in case the reader did not read all the other sections. While doing this, you should also make it clear and concise. 

Just like the name implies, a company description should cover an in-depth history of your business and how you started the journey. It should also tell your readers what you aim to achieve in the long run. 

Before you even get to writing this section of your business plan, you need to carry out proper market research to have a clear knowledge of the layer poultry farming industry, determine your target audience, and take note of any market trends. You will also get to research your competitors and who their audience is. From this information, you will convince your readers how vast your knowledge of the industry is and how you plan to keep your business unique from others. 

Here, you will need to specify which products and services to offer. What type of egg-laying poultry do you breed? What are their species? Ensure that this section defines what you do. You can also include your pricing options, consumer benefits, and profit margins. You can educate your readers on how you buy poultry birds and then how they eventually produce eggs.

Your marketing and sales strategies section will cover how you intend on making your brand known to potential customers and then how you will manage sales and delivery when your ideal customers buy from you. You should also explain the marketing methods you would use to advertise and reach out to your target audience. Would you be using an online or offline marketing campaign?

If you are seeking financial assistance, then you should pay close attention to this financial plan section of your business plan because it will determine if you will get the aid you require or not. Your readers should be convinced that once you get the assistance you seek, you will pour your ideas into your business and make returns over a specific period of time. You need to convince them that you will be able to pay back the loan. Mention a 5-year funding requirement and a solid budget. 

Your appendix is where you will provide any supporting documents that will validate some of the information you provided in the plan. It can be a licence, a resume, legal paperwork, permits or references. 

Layer poultry farming is a lucrative business that anyone can invest in and yield massive profits. Most people that are interested in poultry farming go into layer poultry farming. An average poultry farm makes an income of over £96,000. 

Starting a layer poultry farm is not a hard task to do if you wish to attain success. To effectively start-up you will need to follow the following processes in accordance: 

  • Select a layer hen
  • Pick a conducive location
  • Set up capital
  • Get the necessary equipment and tools 
  • Buy their feeds and water management
  • Conduct a proper vaccination 
  • Set up pricing models
  • Market your brand

Setting up a medium-scale poultry farm in the UK where you can raise birds, store all necessary equipment, keep a hatchery and do many other things will cost you £400,000 to £450,000.

The layer chicken business is quite profitable if, of course, managed well. You need to take special care of the layer birds because only a well-fed and managed bird will produce a healthy egg that will make sales. If you take the time to manage your layer chicken business effectively, you will make great returns.

A layer bird can cover a floor space of 1.7 sq ft. If you are dealing with 1000-layer chickens, then you should make a space of 1700 sq ft. To be on the safe side, you need to budget over 6000 sq ft for 10000 layers. 

The most profitable poultry still remains the Layers farming. Broiler farming is another profitable poultry, but layer farming brings most of the revenue from selling the eggs in a short period of time. Even when selling the eggs is off the table, you can still sell the birds as meat. 

It takes a normal chicken up to 24-26 hours to process one egg, so each egg-laying chicken lays up to one egg per day at its peak. You can use this calculation to know the amount of egg to expect from your poultry bird under a given period.

Setting up your own poultry farm is not much of a big deal. You just need to know the right processes that are involved and then follow them up accordingly. For a start, if you have no background knowledge of how poultry farming works, then you should learn it. When you have gotten enough experience, you can then start setting up your poultry. 

Choose a poultry niche, select the type of bird you will use, create a farm logo, have a business plan, choose a location and get your poultry farm on the go. 

Most people won’t tell you this, but creating a business plan can be fun and daunting at the same time, especially when it’s your first time trying. 

But because time waits for no man, you have to take the easier route out, and for this reason, we have created a ready-made Layer Poultry Farming business plan for your convenience. 

Over the years, businessyield consult has specialised in creating professional business plans and, so far, has helped millions of businesses stand on their feet, and we are happy to help you too. Get started here .

Handling a company with the aid of a business plan can help you track and manage that firm till growth is attained. The power of a business plan is not yet understood by most business owners because they have yet to experience its mind-blowing returns. However, remember that your plan has to be well-constructed to experience this change. For this reason, you can use the template above, which can also be accessed in a doc format, to construct a layer poultry farming business plan for yourself or perhaps reach out for our help here . Don’t forget to occasionally edit and make changes to your plan. 

Managing your chicken’s diet can enhance egg production in them. If you want that, then you should feed them mealworms, eggs and eggshells, watermelon and fruits, greens, Japanese beetles, sunflower seeds, smashed corn, and a host of others. 

A laying egg will need up to roughly ¼ to ⅓ of a pound of feed every day. That is to say, you can keep an estimate of 1.5 pounds of feed per week if you wish to feed them well. 

If you get a day-old layer chicken to raise, then you will need to wait about 30 weeks of age before they start egg production. Their first eggs won’t measure up to a normal-sized egg. But as time goes on, they will increase. As your laying bird ages, the egg count and size will eventually fall.

If you get a day-old layer chicken to raise, then you will need to wait about 30 weeks of age before they start egg production. Their first eggs won't measure up to a normal-sized egg. But as time goes on, they will increase. As your laying bird ages, the egg count and size will eventually fall.

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Starting Layers Poultry Egg Farming Business in South Africa – Business Plan (PDF, Word & Excel)

Posted by BizBolts | Agriculture , All Articles , Business Ideas , Business Plans , Poultry Farming

Starting Layers Poultry Egg Farming Business in South Africa – Business Plan (PDF, Word & Excel)

When we talk of commodities that are always on high demand then eggs are definitely one of them. A large part of the South African population consumes eggs as an affordable source of protein, plus eggs can be enjoyed at any time of the day in a variety of ways. Eggs are a key ingredient in many cooking processes thus making them a key feature of day to day meals. Starting a poultry egg farming business in South Africa is very profitable. With the increase in population, there is likely going to be a rise in the demand for food and services, including eggs. A layer farm is not difficult to manage. Keeping hens is also not labor-intensive; most of your time will be spent on feeding, cleaning, and collecting the eggs. You do not require a lot of experience with this kind of business. So it’s a relatively easy business to start. This article will outline how to start a poultry egg farming business in South Africa, and the layers poultry egg farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Before you start a layers farming business in South Africa, there are some important decisions which you have to make. You have to decide on the size of your layers egg production business ie how many layer birds you will have at your poultry farm.  You also have to decide on the location of your poultry layers farm, and your target market. The size of your poultry egg farming business will depend on the amount of capital you have, the size of the land, and your target market. It’s important that you get a good layers chickens egg production business plan before you start the chicken egg production business in South Africa.

Business Model

With layer eggs business, you can buy point-of-lay birds, which are fed daily to produce eggs for commercial purposes. These chickens can start laying eggs at 18 to 21 weeks of age. The birds will continue to lay eggs continuously for 1 year. Layer hens are classified into two types: white egg-laying and brown egg-laying. White egg layers are small, and they eat less food. Brown egg-laying hens are much larger in size. These eat more food, compared to white egg layers, and they lay larger eggs than other laying breeds. When choosing the type of layers you want to keep, take note that there is no nutritional difference between white eggs and brown eggs. Although brown eggs are more expensive, this is because the chickens that lay them cost slightly more to keep. The high costs are due to the size of the chickens and the amount of food they consume. It’s also important to remember that there are different types of chicken breeds, so you must choose a breed that has high production capabilities, whether it is a white or brown layer hen.

Market Research

Even if starting a layer poultry business is simple, you must still conduct market research. Market research will allow you to understand your environment better. You need to know who your customers are as well as what their buying habits are like. The layer poultry environment in which you will be operating is constantly changing. As such, you need to know how people react to these changes. It’s important to understand who your competitors are, along with their strengths and weaknesses. It is in your best interest to understand consumer behavior if you want your poultry business to succeed. You can find out what your competitors are doing in order to penetrate the market. By researching the market, you can set a reasonable price for your eggs. There are plenty of large and small egg producers, so in order for you to penetrate the market, you need to understand who your potential customers are and who your competitors are. Finding out how other suppliers price their eggs will allow you to determine the right price. If your eggs are overpriced, you risk turning off potential customers, and if your eggs are underpriced, customers may not trust the quality of your produce. There are so many ways you can conduct research. You can read through journals and industry publications, speak to industry players, or simply talk to people. Find time to attend agriculture workshops and any other events that are within your industry too.

Land for Poultry Egg Farming Business

You need land – this is where you will build the poultry layers housing. Sustainability of the land must be thoroughly assessed beforehand. The location must be very strategic i.e. near major road networks, with reliable water supply, near the market and close to cheap labour. The size of the land your business require will depend on the scale of your egg layers farming business.

Housing and Equipment for Layers Egg Production Business

You need proper housing for your poultry layers. When you setup housing units for your layers chickens, pay attention to spacing, ventilation and lighting as these are central to providing an optimum environment for egg production. Layers chickens do not cope well with extreme temperatures. So it’s necessary to keep them in an environment that will enable them to maintain their thermal balance. Proper lighting is necessary as it stimulates the layers chickens to lay eggs.

The type of layers housing and equipment you need will depend on the production system you are using. You can use the deep litter system or the cage system. The deep litter system is essentially floor-based and entails the covering of the floor with bedding such straw and wood shavings. The cage system simply means the layers hens will be kept in cages throughout their productive life time. These cages will be placed in a poultry layers house. The equipment required for a layers poultry egg farming business include drinkers, feeders, and nest boxes. If you are using the cage system, you will require the layers cages. The poultry layer cages usually have inbuilt equipment ie drinking & feeding equipment plus the egg collection system. So when you are using the layers cage system, there will be no need to buy the other extra equipment.

Your poultry layers farming business plan should include the costs of purchasing the equipment and the layers housing.

Point of Lay Hens / Layer Chicks

You can start your layers egg farming business by buying point of lay layers or day old layer chicks. If you buy day old layer chicks, you will have to raise them till they are 19 weeks, which is the time they will start to lay eggs. It’s much better to start by your layers egg production business in South Africa by buying point of lay pullets/layers. These are 19-21 week old layers, which would have just started laying eggs.

You should purchase your day old layer chicks or point of lay pullets from reputable and professional suppliers where the parent stocks are well managed. Layers chicks and point of lay pullets from different farmers vary in terms of quality. The quality of your layer chicks or point of lay hens will play an important role in determining the success of your poultry layers egg production business. Point of lay hens which are not well vaccinated will have a low egg production rate and high mortality. Your layer farming business plan should take into account the cost of purchasing the point of lay pullets.

Feeds for the layers

Layers feeds are needed and there are important things to consider here. First off, buy the right feeds (from reputable companies) and feed strictly according to laid down guidelines. The layers should get the right type of feeds in the right quantities for them to produce eggs efficiently. There are many feed companies in South Africa which sell layers feeds. It’s also wise not to interchange different brands of layers feeds – it’s advisable to stick to one brand. Layers also require plenty of water for them to produce eggs efficiently. Feed and water must be available throughout the day. Your layers chickens egg production business plan should take into account the cost of the layers feed.

Management and Labour

The number of employees needed for your layers egg farming business will depend on the size of your poultry egg production business. At the minimum you need poultry attendants who will keep the layers. Their duties include f eeding the layers, providing water to the hens, egg collection, removal of litter and cleaning. Your poultry egg farming business plan should take into account the salaries and wages of your employees. 

Sales And Marketing Strategies

If your poultry egg farm is situated close to your customers, you can consider direct marketing. This means you can sell directly from your farm to your local supermarkets and other stores. Consider listing your business on Google so that people can easily find you. Another channel you can consider is selling to wholesalers. Wholesalers usually have good knowledge of the market and access to the best information on trends.  Most wholesalers get their eggs from central wholesale markets, merchants, collectors, and local country markets. In some cases, they go directly to the producers or farmers. They can either purchase the eggs directly or accept them for sale on a commission basis. Many wholesalers own storage facilities too. These distributors may engage specialized transport agencies to transport eggs or operate such services on their own. When it comes to marketing, you should take advantage of social media. Having a digital presence has now become the new normal. So take advantage of Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn, as well as WhatsApp business, to name a few. Consider adding your products or services to a digital platform where you can reach potential customers directly online.

Market for eggs in South Africa

Eggs are considered an alternative cheap source of proteins. Almost every household consumes boiled or fried eggs. Eggs are also used for baking, and in the preparation of other dishes.   The demand for eggs in South Africa is very high at about 8 billion eggs per annum. That’s a lot! The per capita egg consumption in South Africa is about 145 eggs per annum. Eggs are the fourth largest animal product sector in agriculture in South Africa, after poultry meat, beef and milk.  You can supply your eggs to individual households, supermarkets, wholesalers, restaurants, companies, hawkers etc.

Chicken Egg Production Business Plan

Advantages of Poultry Egg Farming Business

South Africans, are becoming very particular about their health, and protein-rich foods are known to be the healthiest food option. Eggs and chicken meat provide high nutrition; that’s why they are in high demand. You should consider setting up a poultry egg farming business because there is a ready market for it. Compared to a number of livestock projects, poultry farming is an excellent source of income. This type of business requires very little capital, and the operating costs are reasonable. In addition to eggs, you can also sell the chicken meat when the chickens stop making eggs.

Keys to Profitability

Even though setting up a layer poultry farm is not difficult, you still need to market your business and stay updated when it comes to relevant industry trends. Another way to increase the profitability of your poultry farm is to locate it close to your market in order to reduce transportation costs. Also, take care of your birds by providing them with the right feed, ensuring that they are immunized and that diseases are addressed as soon as possible. The success of your business is based on how well you run your operations by keeping an eye on your costs, pricing your eggs competitively, and marketing your eggs.

PRE-WRITTEN LAYERS POULTRY EGG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL): COMPREHENSIVE VERSION, SHORT FUNDING/BANK LOAN VERSION AND AUTOMATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For an in-depth analysis of the poultry layers egg farming business in South Africa, purchase our poultry egg farming business plan. We decided to introduce the business plans after noting that many South Africans were venturing into the layers farming business without a full understanding of the industry, market, how to run the business, the risks involved, profitability of the business and the costs involved, leading to a high failure rate of their businesses.

Our business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run a layers chicken egg production business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as the layers poultry farming business plan will lay out all the costs involved in setting up and running the poultry egg farming business. The business plan is designed specifically for the South African market.

USES OF THE LAYERS EGG PRODUCTION BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The chicken egg production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your layers chicken egg farming business
  • As a layers poultry egg farming project proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the layers farming business in South Africa
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

CONTENTS OF THE LAYERS CHICKENS EGG PRODUCTION BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The business plan includes, but not limited to:

  • Market Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • 5 Year Automated Financial Statements [ Income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, monthly cash flow projections (3 years monthly cash flow projections, the remaining two years annually),break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortisation]
  • Marketing Strategy
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements
  • Poultry Layers farming guide (Technical Details of how to house, feed and keep the layers chickens)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some South Africans in the layers egg production business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your chicken egg farming business in South Africa
  • Directory [Contact Details for South African suppliers of feeds, equipment, point of lay hens,  poultry housing construction, contacts of poultry farming training companies in South Africa, contacts of poultry farming organisations in South Africa]

The Chicken Egg Production Business Plan package consist of 4 files

  • Layers Egg Production Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive – 80 pages)
  • Layers Egg Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive – 80 pages)
  • Layers Egg Production Business Plan Funding Version – Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan – 41 pages)
  • Layers Egg Production Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel file)

Testimonial 3

The business plan has a highly professional look and feel. The research really helps me look deep into the market that I am targeting, it’s well suited for the South African market. The business plan clearly outlined everything I need to start the business and the costs. It’s now easier to budget and plan. Thank you very much.

Testimonial 7

Thank you BizBolts for the business plan. I received the business plan immediately after payment, it was money well spent ! I was able to easily edit the business plan. After using the BizBolts business plan, I can wholeheartedly recommend their products and skills.

Testimonial 4

The business plan was very helpful, you did a great job of taking ideas and putting them into words as well as pointing out other aspects of the business plan I wouldn’t have thought of. I got funding using your business plan and it’s now 4 months since I started my poultry business, and everything is going well.

Testimonial 6

It is with excitement and pleasure to inform you that I have been successful in securing a loan from my bank. This would not have been possible if not for the BizBolts Business Plan. Thank you for your help, my dreams are now coming true.

Testimonial 2

I am extremely pleased with the business plan and financial statements. The business plan is very detailed & it meets my requirements. I feel better equipped with tools that can help me secure funding.  I would have no hesitation of recommending your business plans to other people.

Testimonial 5

The BizBolts poultry business plan led us down the path from start to finish. Contact details of suppliers of key requirements were included in the business plan. It helped us crystallize our strategy, and the business plan was well received by the bank.

Testimonial 1

Many thanks to the BizBolts team for putting together a fantastic business plan, I could not have done this business plan on my own. I managed to get funding from investors to start my butchery business using your business plan.

GET THE LAYERS EGG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL) - R500 Only.

We decided to make the business plan affordable to anyone who would want to start the business, and the price for the pre-written business plan is only 500 Rand.

We have several payment methods which you can use.

Payment Method 1 (Visa card, Mastercard, Credit card, Debit Card)

Click  Buy Now  below to purchase. After you have purchased, you will instantly see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. We will also email you the download link. Get instant access to the business plan now!

poultry farming business plan for layers

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once using Visa Card/MasterCard then  click here: Business Plans Store

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.

Payment Method 2 (Instant EFT - FNB, Absa, Standard Bank, Nedbank, CapitecBank, Investec, TymeBank and African Bank. )

poultry farming business plan for layers

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Call/Whatsapp us on +27606334830 for the other payment methods. (Whatsapp us by clicking the link https://wa.me/27606334830 ). Email: [email protected] .

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BizBolts

BizBolts (Pty) Ltd is a business research company based in Johannesburg, South Africa. We sell prewritten business plans for various industries including livestock production, crop farming and retail businesses. BizBolts also publishes articles on business ideas, business news, business tips, personal finance, and entrepreneur profiles.

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  • Dec 15, 2022

Poultry farming business plan for 1000 layers Chicken kept under deep litter system

Note: this is just a sample business plan and so you need to tailor make it to meet your needs Executive Summary: Our poultry farming business, Happy Egg Farm, aims to provide high-quality eggs to the local market. We will raise 1000 layers chicken in a deep litter system, which allows for efficient and sustainable egg production. Our farm is located in a rural area with access to abundant resources and a growing demand for eggs. Our unique selling points include the use of organic feed, the implementation of strict biosecurity measures, and the commitment to animal welfare. Business Description: Happy Egg Farm is a small-scale poultry farming operation located in rural XYZ. We will raise 1000 layers chicken in a deep litter system, which consists of a large barn with a deep bed of straw, wood shavings or other organic materials that the chickens can scratch and forage in. This system provides a natural and comfortable environment for the chickens, allowing them to express their natural behaviors and produce high-quality eggs. The farm will be managed by a team of experienced poultry farmers who are dedicated to ensuring the health and well-being of the chickens. Market Analysis: The demand for eggs in the local market is increasing due to the growing population and the trend towards healthy eating. The main competitors in the market are large-scale egg producers who use intensive farming methods, which are perceived as less sustainable and animal-friendly. Happy Egg Farm will target customers who value organic, humanely-raised eggs and are willing to pay a premium for them. We will also seek to partner with local supermarkets and restaurants that prioritize sustainable and ethical sourcing. Marketing and Sales Strategy: Happy Egg Farm will promote its eggs through various channels, including social media, local events, and word-of-mouth referrals. We will also create a website and a branded packaging design to differentiate our eggs from the competition. Our pricing strategy will be based on the cost of production and the market demand, with the aim of maximizing profits while still offering competitive prices. We will sell our eggs directly to customers at the farm gate, through local supermarkets and restaurants, and through online platforms such as farmers' markets. Management and Organization: The farm will be managed by a team of three experienced poultry farmers who will be responsible for the daily operations, including the feeding and watering of the chickens, the egg collection and grading, the maintenance of the facilities, and the implementation of biosecurity measures. The team will be supported by a part-time administrative assistant who will handle the financial and administrative tasks, such as bookkeeping and customer service. The organizational structure of the farm will be flat, with clear communication and collaboration among all team members. Production Plan: The production process at Happy Egg Farm will be based on best practices for poultry farming, with a focus on the health and well-being of the chickens. The chickens will be housed in a large barn with plenty of natural light, ventilation, and access to the deep litter system. They will be fed a balanced diet of organic feed and provided with clean water at all times. The eggs will be collected and graded daily, and only the best-quality eggs will be sold. Any eggs that do not meet the standards will be used for breeding or composting. Financial Plan: The start-up costs of the farm will include the purchase of the land, the construction of the barn and other facilities, the purchase of the chickens and the equipment, and the initial supply of feed and other inputs. The projected income will come from the sale of the eggs, with an estimated average price of $3 per dozen. The projected expenses will include the cost of feed, labor, utilities, and other operational costs.

Note: Engoho Kuku Farmer is a trusted poultry farming partner. We train farmers; supply them with quality inputs and equipment; help them set up and manage the farms; and also link them to market. Contact us if you are an aspiring poultry farmer.

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poultry farming business plan for layers

Chicken Farming South Africa – Free Business Plan

Chicken Farming Business Plan South Africa – In this article we have put together two simple chicken business plans for both small scale farmers and intensive or larger scale poultry farming. A small scale business plan will guide you how to farm with chickens and a more advanced plan feature points that you can present to the Bank for a loan or Government Funding

  • Backyard or Small Scale Chicken Farming Business Plan
  • Intensive or larger Chicken Farming Business Plan

Table of Contents

Breakdown of a Backyard or Small Scale Chicken Farming Business Plan

  • Housing Cost
  • Bedding Cost
  • Feed and Water Cost

Health and Treatment Cost

Marketing and marketing cost.

We will look at the basics and profitability of small scale farming.

But let me explain why you need a business plan. A business plan is a written tool about your business that projects 3-5 years ahead and outlines the path your business intends to take to make money and grow revenue. Think of it as a living project for your business, and not as a one-time document. Break it down into mini-plans – one for sales and marketing, one for pricing, one for operations, and so on.

A good business plan guides you through each stage of starting and managing your business. You’ll use your business plan for how to structure, run, and grow your new business. It’s a way to think through and detail all the key elements of how your business will run.

Setup and Cost

You need to determine how many chickens you can operate with. When building your coop you need to construct the building to easy extent it if needed as your business grow. Housing should be protected from strong winds and must be waterproofed.

Day old chicks are not cold tolerant and you can lose your stock if they are not protected against bad weather. Make sure that your coops are also protected against rodents and do not store feed in your coops.

Planning the cost of your housing carefully will save you money as you will not buy unnecessary material and pay extra wages to redesign your housing if errors were made.

Plan your bedding well before the chicks arrive. You can get bedding at your closest sawmill or at pet stores or even make wood shavings yourself. Bedding is a nominal cost and you will need to maintain it as long as you have chickens.

Bedding is not expensive and can be resold as manure after your farming cycle. Bedding can be bought in bulk and stored in a dry place which are rodent free.

Feed and Water

Watering Systems are expensive and need to be planned carefully. You need to get the right amount of bell drinkers or water holders and raise them as the chickens grow.

You will need 3 types of feeds for broilers in the form of starter feed, grower and finisher. You will find a breakdown of feeding methods on our website.

Planing your feed is crucial and having too many chicks at the startup of your business you don’t want to run out of cash to buy feed for the chickens.

Work out how much starter, grower and finisher you are going to need. You can use this Feeding Calculator for Layer and Broiler Chickens

You need to plan for chickens getting sick. Talk to your state vet before starting your business. Virukill is a must for any chicken farmer to disinfect their coops floors and walls. You can also use it to wash their drinkers and feeders.

Marketing is an essential part of your business. Plan ahead on how to market your business. Advertising in news papers or on social media is a good way to create public awareness and almost guaranteed to bring clients to you. There are many free methods of marketing but it is time consuming and not always an effective strategy to market your business.

You have to decide how much help you are going to need and budget for wages. Chickens take time to return your investment and running out of cash means that you are going to run out of workers.

Selling your products are not always easy. We have put together a paragraph on how to sell your chickens and eggs.

4 Best Ways to Sell Chickens in South Africa

Poultry Farming Business Plan Outline – For Bank Loans or Government Funding

You need to follow these points to create a full and complete business plan to present to your Bank for a loan or to apply for Government Funding.

  • Mission Statement
  • Keys to success
  • Location and facilities
  • Industry Analysis
  • Challenges facing the poultry industry
  • Market segmentation
  • Target market segment strategy
  • Market trends
  • Startup costs
  • Product description
  • Future products
  • Service Description
  • Future services
  • Competition
  • Competitive edge
  • Marketing strategy
  • Pricing and promotion strategy
  • Web strategy
  • Sales strategy
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33 Replies to “Chicken Farming South Africa – Free Business Plan”

I would like to be connected to the suppliers of poultry equipments. Batery cages, incubators, etc. I am planning a start up for egg, meat and chick production.

Please advise in what province country you stay, that way, suppliers can get hold of you.

Thank you very much for the good information about chicken farming. I have learnt a lot and I am looking forward to starting poultry farming soon.

Hi i would like to be connected to the suppliers of chicken poultry equipments which includes the housing. as i am in the pipeline of starting my own broiler production in south africa. i am currently staying in gauteng and would start the business in limpopo. (south africa).

I wanna start with a small scale so l can be good at managing it say about 500 broilers. I need to be assisted in draftibg a bplan to obtain funds to start my buildings and move it up and l will expand from my earnings

Hi good evening I am interested in chicken farming want start my business with 2000 chickens for egg production but need help and assistance to abtain land

Hello, please advise if you have been assisted as i also require some assistance in drafting a business plan,

i would like to start my own poultry farming business. i want to start by broilers then layer. i am struggling to draft a solid business plan. can you help me with a business plan. i want start by farming and raising 500 birds.

HI , I NEED HELP ABOUT BUSINESS PLAN .

I WOULD LIKE TO START A POULTRY FARMING . AND I WOULD LIKE TO BE CONECTED TO CHICHEN POULTRY EQUIPMENT,WICH INCUDES THE HOUSING ,INCUBACTOR ,ND BATERY LAYER CAGES. I WANT TO START MY OWN BROILER ,LEYER CHICKEN ,EGGS,MEAT ND CHICK PRODUCTION.

I need all the information I can open get before I begin. Please help me by sending me information on how to raise broilers to maturity. You can help me with off of broilers or begginera books

Good day I would really like to start my own poultry farming can you please assist with a solid business plan.

hy i would like to start a chicken layer farm, can you help with bussinees plan.

I really need help how to draft a proper business plan for layers and broilers. Please help with business plan for 750 layers and 700 broilers

Need all the finances and any form of assistance with our Layer farming Biz.

Assisting in designing and building Poultry Farm in Protes Gle, Soweto, Johannesburg. Looking for suppliers of related products

I need help with business proposal cos I’ve started with selling chickens to the market

May you please assist me with Broiler/ Layers fertilized eggs and chicks suppliers for small scale farming based in Witbank Mpumalanga province or Bronkospruit Rural.

Hi I need your assistance with a business plan for a chicken farm as well as financial forecast , I’m based in Brits.

Hi I’m starting a broiler chicken farm. Starting with 150 000 chicks. Incubators for 50 000 eggs. I need a business plan Quotes for my infrastructures as well as automatic feeding system.

Kind regards Austin 0671583665

Hi. My name is Muzi Mndawe I need to start a chicken farm business. Starting with 500 chick and egg layers. So I need help I stay in mpumalaga around Mbomnela

Hi I’m Ntombi in Khayelitsha CT, I would like to find out how do I go about farming chickens, selling and also assistance in making a business plan and acquiring funding.

Good day I need to start poultry project

I need help in starting an egg production company

Please could you assist me with a poultry farming project for layers and broilers. Thank you kindly.

I want to start a small scale poultry project ( egg production) . can you help me to develop a business plan and solicit start-up funding . Thank You

Hi I am located in Protea Glen, Soweto and looking to start chicken farming business , please advise how and where do i start, even interested in learning more about chickens as well. PLEASE ADVISE..

Hi! I have an incubator and a Hatcher for chicken eggs and would like to be assisted with buyers for 1 day old broiler chicks as I don’t have facilities for growing these chicks.

Hello, i am looking for suppliers of Ross Broiler Day Old Chicks in the Vaal, Vanderbijl area. Please advise.

We want to start a a chicken farming business. Can you help with the business plan and the starting costs then if the funding are accepted we will need help to put the all farm in place.

Hi, I want to bay a farm and start a poultry farm in the north wets area, need some help with a business plan and start up for the farm, I need help please.

I am looking at busying a fully operational chicken farm around Pretoria not exceeding R4m please assist if you can.

I would like to be connected to the suppliers of poultry types of equipment. cages, incubators, etc. I am planning a start-up for egg, and chick production.

my name is Jeanette iam startup in layers your help will be highly appreciated

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IMAGES

  1. BUSINESS PLAN FOR POULTRY FARM

    poultry farming business plan for layers

  2. (DOC) BUSINESS PLAN OF POULTRY FARM

    poultry farming business plan for layers

  3. Poultry farming business plan for 1000 layers Chicken kept under deep

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  4. Poultry Farm Business Plan Sample [Update 2021]

    poultry farming business plan for layers

  5. Poultry Business Plan for Broilers and Layers for Nigeria

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  6. Poultry farming business plan example

    poultry farming business plan for layers

VIDEO

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COMMENTS

  1. Layer Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

    1. Industry Overview The agricultural industry of which poultry farming and egg production is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces chicken and eggs for the populace.

  2. PDF Poultry Production Guide for a 500 Layer Operation

    Introduction In food production, the poultry industry is generally distinguished by two major enterprises; egg production and meat production. In egg production, the most common shell eggs are from chickens and ducks. In meat production, the most common birds are frying and stewing chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.

  3. Poultry Farm Business Plan Template & Guide [Updated 2024]

    Your poultry farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes. Sources of Funding for Poultry Farms With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a poultry farm are personal savings, credit cards, USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) loans, bank loans, and angel investors.

  4. Starting Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF)

    The poultry egg farming business offers a compelling blend of financial stability, scalability, and sustainability that makes it a noteworthy pursuit. The allure of layers chicken farming business lies in its ability to provide a consistent stream of income.

  5. How to Start a Layer Chicken Farming Business for Egg Production?

    Business planforPoultry farming Production of eggs, which is also called a layer breeding. Production of meat which is also called broiler breeding. Production of feed of poultry. Manufacture of the equipment required in poultry. Processing of eggs and meat. Packaging and marketing the eggs and meat. What Is a Business Plan?

  6. Poultry Farm Business Plan: Templates & Samples w/ PDFs 2021

    Step #1: Get 'The Most Complete' Poultry Farming Business Plan Template Step #2: Download "The Poultry Farm Business Plan Analysis Playbook" Step #3: Download Poultry Plan It (eBook) Step #4: Download Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 - Insider's Guide Step #5: Download Sample Poultry Plan Data Step #6: Use Business Management Templates (Keep Sheet)

  7. Poultry Farm Business Plan Template (2024)

    Smith Poultry Farm will have the following milestones complete in the next six months. 1/1/202X - Finalize purchase of farm land. 2/15/202X - Purchase farm equipment, supplies and materials. 3/1/202X - Finalize contracts for grocery store, chain, and restaurant clients. 4/15/202X - Begin networking at industry events.

  8. Layer Poultry Farming: Best Guide & Top 20 Tips For Beginners

    Taking good care of the birds is very important for successful layer poultry farming business. Good caring will keep them healthy, and you will be able to get maximum production. Monitor the health of the birds regularly, and vaccinate them timely. And always try to keep good contact with the vet in your area.

  9. A Beginner's Guide to Layer Farming

    Management of Laying stock. The laying period is taken to have started when the birds reach 5% egg production on a hen day basis. The laying period continues until the birds are sold at the end of a laying period of normal length, or are force-molted. Housing time starts with the beginning of the laying period.

  10. Poultry Farming Business Plan

    Create a Business Plan. We'll walk you through a sample chicken farming business plan so you can start writing yours right now with Upmetrics. A business plan outlines your five-year growth strategy and a current picture of your poultry farm. It outlines your company's objectives and your plan for achieving them.

  11. How to Start Poultry Farming Business? Chicken Farming Business Plan

    1. Fast Reproduction and Large in Numbers. A healthy layer chicken almost lays an egg every day or 4 eggs in a week sometimes it lays 7 eggs in a week too, these all depends on the quality of your birds. Some birds can lay 325 eggs in a year. And it takes 21 days to hatch.

  12. How to Start a Chicken Farm Business (with Pictures)

    2. Create a business plan for your chicken farm. Write an outline for how you plan to run your chicken farm and what your long-term goals are for the next 3-5 years. Include information like your history, structure, objectives, vision, products, target demographic, and marketing strategy in the plan.

  13. PDF Layer Poultry Farming Business. Start a Layer Chicken Farming Business

    Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are such a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They remain laying eggs continuously till their 72-78 weeks of age.

  14. PDF Poultry Layer Farming

    Introduction Poultry egg and meat are important sources of high quality proteins, minerals and vitamins to balance the human diet. Commercial layer strains are now available with traits of high egg production and high feed conversion efficiency.

  15. (PDF) Poultry Business Plan / Holistic Business Plan for Poultry

    This business plan document provides a workable framework for starting a poultry farm with a capacity for 10,000 poultry birds including 5,000 broilers and 5,000 layer birds. The...

  16. Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan

    Layer poultry farming means for commercial egg production to raise egg-laying poultry birds. Layer chickens are such a special hen's species that must be raised when they are one day old. They ...

  17. Layer Chicken Farming Business Plan: Step-by-Step to Start, Setup Cost

    Layer Chicken Farming Business Plan, Step-by-Step to Start, Setup Cost, Requirements, and Profit and More

  18. 10000 Layer Farming Project Report For Beginners

    Young Layer Birds. Investment Analysis of 10000 layer farming project Fixed and Non-Recurring Analysis for 10000 layer farming project: Particulars Required for 10000 layer farming project Land Requirements and Rate for Land = Owned Cost of Land = 3 to 4 lakhs. Shed Construction for 10000 layer farming project Layer House. Cost of the House:

  19. LAYER POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN: What You Need!!!

    What is a Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan? How to Write a Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan #1. Executive Summary #2. Company Description #3. Market Analysis and Competition #4. Products and Services #5. Marketing and Sales Strategies #6. Financial Plan #7. Appendix Is Layer Poultry Farming Profitable? How do I Start a Poultry Farming Layer?

  20. Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan.

    Layer Poultry Farming Business Plan. 2. Layer poultry farming means for commercial egg production to raise egg- laying poultry birds. Layer chickens are such a special hen's species that must be raised when they are one day old. They begin commercially laying eggs between the ages of 18-19 weeks.

  21. Starting Layers Poultry Egg Farming Business in South Africa

    This article will outline how to start a poultry egg farming business in South Africa, and the layers poultry egg farming business plan - PDF, Word and Excel. Before you start a layers farming business in South Africa, there are some important decisions which you have to make.

  22. Poultry farming business plan for 1000 layers Chicken kept under deep

    Poultry farming business plan for 1000 layers Chicken kept under deep litter system Note: this is just a sample business plan and so you need to tailor make it to meet your needs Executive Summary: Our poultry farming business, Happy Egg Farm, aims to provide high-quality eggs to the local market.

  23. Chicken Farming South Africa

    A small scale business plan will guide you how to farm with chickens and a more advanced plan feature points that you can present to the Bank for a loan or Government Funding Backyard or Small Scale Chicken Farming Business Plan Intensive or larger Chicken Farming Business Plan Table of Contents