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Queen Elizabeth II Facts & Worksheets
Queen elizabeth ii is the longest-reigning british monarch, longest female head of state, and second-longest reigning monarch in world history after serving for 70 years and 214 days, from february 6, 1952 until september 8, 2022., search for worksheets.
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Table of Contents
Queen Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning British monarch, longest female head of state, and second-longest reigning monarch in world history after serving for 70 years and 214 days, from February 6, 1952, until September 8, 2022.
See the fact file below for more information on Queen Elizabeth II or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Queen Elizabeth II worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Personal and early life.
- Princess Elizabeth was born on April 21, 1926, in London , England to Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Her father who later became King George VI was the second son King George V and Queen Mary. Her ancestors include Queen Victoria , the second longest-ruling monarch in British history, and King George III .
- In 1936, Elizabeth’s uncle King Edward VIII abdicated the throne and chose to marry the American divorcee, Wallis Simpson. The following year, her father became king.
- Young Lilibet (as she was called) grew up in the Royal Lodge with her sister Margaret. The siblings were homeschooled with courses including French, mathematics, history, art, dance, and singing lessons.
- When World War II broke out in 1939, the royal family was relocated to Windsor Castle . She began to address the children of London through radio broadcasts assuring them that everything will end well.
- By 1942, she began to accompany her parents in royal duties, including inspections of troops, and official visits within Britain.
- On November 20, 1947, Elizabeth married the son of Prince Andrew of Greece, Philip Mountbatten. The Queen adopted the name Windsor as proposed by the Queen Mother and Prime Minister Winston Churchill .
- In 1948, she gave birth to Prince Charles, followed by Anne, Andrew, and Edward born in 1950, 1960, and 1964 respectively. By 1969, the Queen granted Prince Charles the title of Prince of Wales which made him the successor.
- After 73 years of marriage, on April 9, 2021, the Queen’s husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, died at the age 99 at Windsor Castle.
- On June 2, 1953, Queen Elizabeth II officially became Britain’s ruling monarch after the death of her father, King George VI, on February 26, 1952. The coronation was held in Westminster Abbey and was the first to be broadcast on television.
- At the beginning of Queen Elizabeth II’s reign, Britain still had dominions and dependencies which eventually gained independence and became members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- In the 1970s and 1980s, the queen traveled for official visits. In 1976, she went to the United States for the 200th-anniversary celebration of American independence from Britain. In the same year, she opened the Summer Olympics held in Montreal, Canada . In 1979, she toured Middle Eastern countries including Kuwait , Bahrain , Saudi Arabia , Qatar , UAE , and Oman.
- In 2011, Queen Elizabeth became the first monarch to visit Ireland since 1911, which reinforced the crown’s symbolic power.
- As Queen, she cut back Royal family spending, which was a 250-year tradition. Moreover, she continued to support numerous charitable institutions and programs.
- As of 2017, Queen Elizabeth placed 13 prime ministers, including Winston Churchill, Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Margaret Thatcher , Tony Blair , David Cameron, and Theresa May . She has also met a quarter of all American presidents.
- In 1981, Queen Elizabeth faced a threat while riding in the Trooping of Colour in celebration of her birthday, when a man pointed and fired a gun at her. Luckily, the gun was loaded with blank bullets.
- Among other controversies which challenged the royal family was the failure of Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s marriage. The couple divorced in 1992, and Princess Diana died in Paris on August 31, 1996. The Queen was scrutinized by the media for being silent for days while the whole world was mourning. Some speculated that Queen Elizabeth did not want to grant Princess Diana a royal funeral which fueled public sentiment. A week after Princess Diana’s death, the Queen released her official statement.
- In 2002, Queen Elizabeth celebrated her Golden Jubilee. Sadly it was the same year she lost her mother and sister.
- In 2012, the Diamond Jubilee marked Elizabeth’s 60 years as queen and in 2017, she celebrated her Sapphire Jubilee, surpassing her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria who reigned for 63 years.
- When the CoViD-19 pandemic hit the United Kingdom on March 19, 2020, Queen Elizabeth moved to Windsor Castle. Under protocol HMS Bubble, the Queen canceled her public engagements. On April 5, 2020, she assured the British public that better days would return via television. It was followed by another broadcast on May 8, during the 75th anniversary of VE Day.
- In January and April 2021, she received her CoViD-19 vaccinations. The funeral of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in April was also made private by the pandemic.
- Amidst the pandemic, Queen Elizabeth attended the 2021 State Opening of the Parliament and the 47th G7 Summit held in Cornwall, England.
- In celebration of the 73rd anniversary of the creation of the NHS, Queen Elizabeth awarded the agency with the George Cross.
- On February 6, 2022, Queen Elizabeth celebrated her Platinum Jubilee (70 years). Despite missing the National Service of Thanksgiving, Queen Elizabeth made balcony appearances, and she also made an appearance with Paddington Bear during the Jubilee concert.
- In the same month, she tested positive for CoViD-19. Despite this, she spoke on the phone with Prime Minister Boris Johnson about the Russian aggression in Ukraine. After a week of sickness, the Queen recovered. On March 7, she received Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at Windsor Castle.
- On June 13, 2022, with 70 years and 127 days reigned, Queen Elizabeth became the second-longest reigning monarch in world history, surpassing the Thai king Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- On September 6, 2022, she confirmed the appointment of her 15th prime minister Liz Truss at Balmoral Castle, Scotland . Aside from being the 3rd female British prime minister, Truss was the only new PM not received by the Queen at Buckingham Palace.
- Her old age lessened public engagements and distribution of official duties to Prince Charles. Without any plan to abdicate, the Queen continued with fewer duties.
DEATH, LEGACY AND POPULAR CULTURE
- On September 8, 2022, Buckingham Palace stated that the Queen needed medical supervision at Balmoral Castle. She was accompanied by her four children, grandsons Princes William and Harry, and Camilla and Sophie. Two hours later, her death was confirmed. In her death, Operation London Bridge and Operation Unicorn (Scotland) began.
- On September 19, her state funeral at Westminster Abbey was witnessed by millions of people worldwide. The same day, she was interred at St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle with her husband, sister, and parents.
- Upon Queen Elizabeth’s death, she was succeeded by his son Prince Charles (now Charles III) as King of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms. At 73, Charles III was the longest-serving heir apparent and oldest monarch to assume the throne in British history.
- Prince Charles and Princess Diana had two sons; Prince William , who was given the title Duke of Cambridge, and successor to the throne, and Prince Harry.
- Prince William married Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge in 2011. The couple had their first born, George Alexander Louis on July 22, 2013. Princess Charlotte followed in 2015 and their third child, Louis, in 2018.
- Aside from Prince William and Harry, Queen Elizabeth’s grandchildren include Peter Phillips, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie of York, Zara Tindall, Lady Louise Windsor, and James, Viscount Severn.
- In 2006, actress Helen Mirren played the role of Queen Elizabeth II in the film The Queen. She was awarded with a Golden Globe and an Oscar. In addition, Mirren also played the queen in a West End and broadway play The Audience , where she received a Tony Award.
- In 2016, Claire Foy portrayed the queen in the Netflix original series entitled The Crown , where she received a Best Actress Golden Globe.
- The Queen’s favorite dog is a corgi . She even created a new breed of dog, the dorgi, which is a combination of a corgi and dachshund, Princess Margaret’s dog
Queen Elizabeth II Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Queen Elizabeth II across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Queen Elizabeth II worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Queen Elizabeth II, who is the longest-reigning British monarch, longest female head of state, and second-longest reigning monarch in world history after serving for 70 years and 214 days, from February 6, 1952, until September 8, 2022.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Queen Elizabeth II Facts
- Lilibet the Queen
- The House of Windsor
- Queen’s Platinum Jubilee
- Commonwealth of Nations
- Princess during WWII
- British Prime Ministers
- The Royal Family
- Kinds of Monarchy
- Televised Coronation
- British Queens
Frequently Asked Questions
Why did elizabeth become queen.
Elizabeth’s father was King George V’s second son, so it was widely assumed that she would live a relatively uneventful life as a minor royal. However, when her uncle unexpectedly abdicated the throne, he created an opportunity for Elizabeth to become the longest-serving monarch in UK history eventually. As Elizabeth had no male siblings, this meant that she was next in line for the crown.
What age did the queen get married?
Elizabeth, 21 at the time, married Philip on Nov. 20, 1947, in Westminster Abbey. Their wedding was broadcast globally via radio.
What happens if Queen Elizabeth dies?
During the conventional method, when a British monarch dies, his or her replacement takes power immediately. This implies that after Queen Elizabeth II died on Thursday 8, Prince Charles became King Charles III automatically — and in his case, he was also known as King Charles III.
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Queen Elizabeth II
- Early Life, Princess, and World War II
- Occupation: Queen of the United Kingdom
- Reign: February 6, 1952 – present
- Born: April 21, 1926 in Mayfair, London, United Kingdom
- Died: September 8, 2022 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
- Best known for: The longest-reigning British monarch
Next Page >>>
- Life as Queen, Family, Politics
- Major Events in Reign and Interesting Facts
Back to Biography for Kids
- DIGITAL MAGAZINE
15 fun facts about Queen Elizabeth II
From inventing a new dog breed to publishing her first instagram post, discover our favourite facts about this ruler…, 15 facts about the queen, 1. queen elizabeth ii was born at 2.40am on 21 april 1926., 2. she was crowned queen on 2 june 1953..
Did you know that we have a FREE downloadable Queen Elizabeth II primary resource ? Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike!
3. She was the longest reigning monarch ever in Britain.
4. as queen, she was served by 15 uk prime ministers..
5. Her favourite dogs were corgis.
6. she was the only person in the uk allowed to drive without a licence., 7. queen elizabeth ii had two birthdays., 8. her birthplace is now a fancy cantonese restaurant., 9. queen elizabeth ii first sent an email in 1976…, 10. she had many hobbies., 11. queen elizabeth became a homeowner at just six years old., 12. in her lifetime, queen elizabeth ii sent around 50,000 christmas cards..
What a lot of post!
13. She owned an elephant, two giant turtles, a jaguar and a pair of sloths.
These creatures were all gift from other countries. They now live in London Zoo.
14. Princess Elizabeth made her first radio broadcast in October 1940, during the Second World War.
15. even the monarch went undercover sometimes….
On a low-key trip to Scotland, she met some American tourists while walking. When the tourists asked if she lived locally, she mentioned that she had a house nearby, and when asked if she’d ever met the Queen she simply pointed at her security guard and said, “No, but he has!”
Check out our cool comic about Queen Elizabeth II
If you enjoyed this article, make sure you check out some of our other awesome history pages, too! Go back in time to discover Queen Elizabeth I or Queen Victoria , then jump to present day to learn about King Charles III …
What do you think of our facts about Queen Elizabeth II? Let us know by leaving a comment below!
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WELL DONE, YOUR COMMENT HAS BEEN ADDED!
this was really helpful thank you
A Great Website I Use This Site In School!
Helped me a lot LOL
maybe next time add more facts!
nice facts,helped me in my school activity
wow! these are so cool!
Very cool and cool Infos
I love them
i LOVE ELIZABETH
that was really good
this was so helpful for my research project thank you!
i love the queen
wow that is cool
Thanks to my father who stated to me concerning this blog, this website is in fact amazing.
Good job your smart
so lovely and amazing I loved it I say a very big thank you to national geographic and I love you guys
i think its better than jam
i always wanted to know about Queen Elizabeth ll and these facts are awsome
this is very interesting
Our Queen is one very smart Lady
Hi I am a really big fan of queen Elizabeth and I wanna be a queen when I grow up. Queen Elizabeth is my idol also.
i didn't even know one of those facts! these were mind blowing!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
The queen is nice
This is amazing! I never knew that the queen owned an elephant, twin turtles a jaguar and a pair of sloths! I wonder what there names are. I’d call on Jerry
So much facts trying to keep them in my head.
WOW I L-O-V-E-D reading these the queen was born on the 21st and became 90 on the 21st too!
I think the facts are pretty cool, I Love the Queen because she has some of the same hobbies as me. She has the same name as the little girl in the movie Drop dead Fred. Please bring the Queen to Mackay so I can meet her.
how come she survived the 2 world wars BTW there's the royal wedding in the 19th of may that's after SATS and on that day its my birthday yyyyyyyyyyaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaayyyyyyyyyyyyyyy!!!!!!!!!!
I didn't knew that the queen had an elephant, two giant turtles, a jaguar and a pair of sloths!!!!!!!!! amazing
I like the queens sloths And how did she get them?
awesome, beautiful lady
She has sloths?????????????????
The comic was cool! I really liked the facts as well.
that's a lot of animals she has! I don't even have a pet!
she is quite amazing
Omg, never knew this stuff!
such interesting facts
the 15 facts were actually quite interesting. I thought it was going to be boring
She is a great queen
The queen is a great lady
Learning about the Queen was very interesting
amazing and cooooooooool!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
I can't believe that Queen Elizabeth is 91 years old that is so amazing!
It's good for getting facts
I loved this. I learnt a lot from this.
It's so interesting!!!
It has made me learn a bit about the queen I love this website somuch
WoW learnt something new today!
I love the Queen! Once I sent a letter and got a reply! How cool is that?
So cool fun facts
Very interesting highly fascinating
Wow! All these fun facts were great! Thanks for teaching me something I didn't know.
I new some facts but not all of the facts.
How old is she again?
she has got lots of lovely pets. turtles are cool. i have a tortoise
This is so very funny and informative!
Fascinating! loved it never new most of those facts! hilarious!
Really interesting facts about the queen
in the past she has worked in a sweet store
i can not believe the fact that she is the longest reigning monarch ever!
I love you QUEEN
It is pretty intresting to know about these things
She is a great and loyal thing to me
WOAH!! These facts are so cool
Fantastic lady and the best head of state that my country has had God bless her.
She owns a pair of sloths omg!!!
did not know the queen had 2 bdays
I didn't know that the Queen was born on the 21st of April 1926.
I love the queen her favourite Color is yellow
I can not believe the fact that she is the longest reigning monarch ever!
i wish to live in buckingham palace
I never new that
I like this Thank you
Happy birthday your majesty. I never knew all of those amazing facts about our queen.
This is awesome
I am very happy that you support arsenal.
she must be so proud of herself
SO INTERESTING AND RESOURCEFUL!!!!! LOL!
She is nice and talented
Wow I did not know this before
These facts are just awsome even I like football too
Really liked. Amazing, ng kids.
could be bigger
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More like monarchy.
The life and reign of Queen Elizabeth I
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The life and reign of King Henry VIII
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Queen Elizabeth I
Who was Queen Elizabeth I?
Elizabeth I was one of the most famous queens England ever had. She was the last Tudor monarch (a monarch is a king or queen).
Elizabeth I was King Henry VIII ’s youngest daughter, and her mother was Anne Boleyn.
The 44 years in which Elizabeth I ruled England are called the Golden Age, because England was very prosperous.
Top 10 facts
- Elizabeth was born on 7 September 1533. Her mother was Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII ’s second wife.
- Elizabeth had a half-sister, Mary, and a half-brother, Edward. Both ruled England before she became queen.
- Elizabeth I was the last Tudor monarch – she never married.
- Elizabeth I is famous for having red hair, like her father Henry VIII.
- During Elizabeth I's reign lots of English explorers searched for new lands and treasures. The explorer Sir Francis Drake was knighted by Elizabeth for services to his country.
- The time when Elizabeth I was Queen is known as England’s Golden Age.
- In 1588 the King of Spain, Philip I, sent a fleet of ships called the Armada to invade England , but they were defeated. Elizabeth gave a famous speech to encourage her troops at Tilbury.
- Elizabeth I wore thick white makeup to cover up scars on her face leftover from when she had smallpox.
- There were quite a few plots to assassinate Elizabeth I and put her cousin Mary Queen of Scots on the throne instead. The most famous is the Babington Plot.
- Elizabeth I died on 24 March 1603. She is buried in Westminster Abbey.
- 7 September 1533 Elizabeth I was born in Greenwich
- 17 November 1558 Queen Mary I died
- 15 January 1559 Elizabeth I was officially crowned queen (coronated)
- 1562 Elizabeth I became very ill with smallpox
- 1577-1580 Sir Francis Drake sailed around the world
- 1583 The Throckmorton Plot was discovered
- 1584 The Bond of Association became law, meaning that anyone involved in a plot to assassinate Elizabeth I and rule England instead would be put to death
- 1586 The Babington Plot was organised, and discovered by Sir Francis Walsingham
- 8 February 1587 Mary Queen of Scots was executed at Fotheringay Castle in Northamptonshire
- 1596-1597 The Spanish sent two more Armadas, and both were defeated
- 30 November, 1601 Elizabeth I gave her Golden Speech to Parliament
- 24 March 1603 Elizabeth I died
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Did you know?
- Elizabeth I did a lot of travelling around England. You may spot signs saying ‘Queen Elizabeth I slept here’ around the country!
- Elizabeth could speak six languages!
- Elizabeth I had red hair. She wore a wig because that’s what rich people in Tudor times did, and even her wig was red.
- Elizabeth I is also called the Virgin Queen because she never married. Her other nickname is Good Queen Bess.
- The time when Elizabeth I was queen is also called the Elizabethan Era.
- The state of Virginia in America is named after Queen Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen.
- Elizabeth I signed her name in a very pretty way, with lots of zigzags at the end of the first ‘e’ and ‘z’ and an uppercase ‘R’ at the end – the R stands for ‘regina’, which is the Latin word for queen.
- None of Queen Elizabeth I’s dresses are still around today, but we know what she wore because of what we can see in paintings. Her clothes were very beautiful, and decorated with jewels and pretty designs.
- Smallpox was a very serious disease in Tudor times that gave people blisters all over their face and skin. Elizabeth I caught it too – she got better, but had scars on her face that she covered with white makeup for the rest of her life.
Have a look through the gallery and see if you can spot all the following:
- A painting of Queen Elizabeth I around 1565-1570
- A portrait of Queen Elizabeth I around 1573-1575
- Queen Elizabeth I, painted by an unknown artist around 1585-1595
- Queen Elizabeth I in 1588, painted after the Spanish Armada victory
- Queen Elizabeth I around 1600
- King Henry VIII
- Anne Boleyn
- Queen Mary I
- King Edward VI
- Sir Francis Drake
Elizabeth I’s mother, Anne Boleyn, was put to death by Henry VIII, Elizabeth’s father. Princess Elizabeth was only three years old when this happened, so she didn’t really know her mum.
Elizabeth I led England into a Golden Age. Explorers set up colonies overseas, and claimed land in the name of England. There was more trade with foreign countries, which brought in foods and goods that people had never seen before. English literature, music and art also flourished.
Elizabeth I was very interested in helping poor people have a better life. She passed laws that gave poor people and children a chance to work or to learn a new trade, and set up hospitals and orphanages to look after poor people who were too young, old or sick to work. But, if people who were poor, healthy and didn’t want to do any work at all would be punished and sent to prison!
Elizabeth I was known for being a good public speaker. Two of her most famous speeches are:
- The Speech to the Troops at Tilbury in 1588 during the attacks by the Spanish Armada
- The Golden Speech in 1601, which was like a farewell speech to government leaders – she spoke about how she much she loved working with them, and serving England.
The Throckmorton plot in the early 1580s was a plan to have Elizabeth I assassinated, and put her cousin Mary Queen of Scots on the throne instead. Mary was Catholic, and had important Catholic nobles helping her in this plan – King Philip II from Spain, Henry I from France, and even the Pope. Sir Francis Throckmorton was a Spaniard who sent messages between Mary Queen of Scots and King Philip II’s ambassador.
It was thanks to Sir Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth I’s secretary of state, that the Throckmorton Plot was discovered. He also organised for the Bond of Association to become law in 1584, meaning that anyone who plotted to assassinate Elizabeth I or try to rule England instead would be put to death.
In 1586, Sir Francis Walsingham discovered another plot that also involved assassinating Elizabeth I and having Mary Queen of Scot s rule instead. It was also supported by Philip II from Spain, and led by a man called Sir Anthony Babington. Sir Francis discovered the Babington Plot by reading secret letters between Mary and the plotters – they were written in code, so he had to decipher that first. Mary and the plotters didn’t know that Sir Francis was reading their letters, which were sent back and forth in waterproof cases inside beer barrels.
Because of the Bond of Association, everyone involved with the Babington Plot was arrested and executed in 1586, including Mary Queen of Scots in 1587. Elizabeth I had to approve her cousin’s death warrant, which wasn’t easy.
In 1588, the Spanish sent a fleet of ships to England to try to start a war, but they were defeated by the English at sea. One way that the English fought against them was to set fire to some of their own boats and push them straight into where the Spanish boats were. It meant that the Spanish Armada had to sail in all different directions to protect themselves, which gave English warships a chance to organise themselves for battle.
Sir Francis Drake was the second person to sail around the world, also called circumnavigation. Ferdinand Magellan from Portugal was the first person we know of to sail around the world.
Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) – Sir Francis Drake was the first English person to sail around the world. He helped to defeat the first Spanish Armada in 1588.
Sir Walter Raleigh (c. 1554-1618) – Sir Walter Raleigh was a famous explorer and trader, and began colonies in America. He named the state of Virginia after Elizabeth I.
Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) – Mary Stuart was Queen Mary I of Scotland, and more famously known as Mary, Queen of Scots. She was involved in plots to assassinate Elizabeth I and take the throne instead. It was because of the last plot – the Babbington Plot – that she was arrested and put to death.
Robert Dudley (1532- 1588) – Robert Dudley was a very close friend of Elizabeth I, and was a trusted advisor. Some people thought Elizabeth I wanted to marry him.
Sir Francis Walsingham (c. 1532-1590) – Sir Francis Walsingham was Elizabeth I’s secretary of state, and is known as her spymaster for his role in stopping plots to have Elizabeth I assassinated. The most famous is the Babington Plot, when he decoded secret messages sent between Mary Queen of Scots and the plotters.
Robert Cecil (1563-1612) – Robert Cecil was William Cecil’s son, and one of Elizabeth I’s advisors. Sir Francis Walsingham trained him to be a spymaster, as he was, and keep the queen safe.
William Cecil (1521-1598) – William Cecil was Elizabeth I’s main advisor. He helped Sir Francis Walsingham stop plots to assassinate Elizabeth I, such as the Babington Plot.
Just for fun...
- There are lots of myths about Elizabeth I . Are any of them true?
- Who is wooing Elizabeth I in a Horrible Histories video?
- Find out about the lives of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I and learn a ceremonial tune inspired by the rhythm of a Tudor pavan with a KS1 song
- Follow a step-by-step guide to drawing Elizabeth I
- Take a quiz to see how much you've learned about Elizabeth I
Best children's books about Elizabeth I
Find out more
- Read an introduction to Tudor England and find out about family life, education, work, city life, religion and court life in Tudor times
- Watch the BBC Bitesize introduction to Elizabeth I for KS1 and the BBC Bitesize videos about the Elizabethan era and the life of Elizabeth I
- A children's guide to Elizabeth I's reign
- Read detailed biography of Elizabeth I
- Barney Harwood presents a brief guide to the action-packed reign of Elizabeth I in a BBC Schools Radio programme
- Look through an interactive timeline of Elizabeth I's life from the BBC
- Watch an animated video about the life of Elizabeth I
- The National Portrait Gallery has 135 different portraits of Elizabeth I ; you can also see a portrait of Elizabeth I when she was a Princess in 1546
- Queen Elizabeth I’s Golden Speech
- Read children's books about the Tudors and the reign of Elizabeth I
- Elizabeth I, Queen of England
- Listen to Queen Elizabeth I's famous Tilbury speech rallying her troops before the invasion of the Spanish Armada in 1588
- Find out about Elizabeth I and Shakespeare
- Investigate the issues faced by England’s most famous Tudor Queen , find out about Elizabeth I in her own words and read a collection of documents from Elizabeth I's reign
- Examine Elizabeth I's clothes to find out more about her
- See a 1590 map of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I
See for yourself
- Visit Hatfield House , where Elizabeth I grew up
- Elizabeth I was imprisoned by her sister Mary I in the Tower of London
- See the famous Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I, on public display in the Queen's Presence Chamber in the Queen's House in Greenwich
Give your child a headstart
- FREE articles & expert information
- FREE resources & activities
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- Teaching primary
Kings and Queens
This is a topic which can be spread over a few lessons and one which covers several language areas including food, clothes, biographies, family trees and parties. It’s steeped in British culture as the Royal Family is an integral part of British identity and image abroad. The majority of the activities are linked through a fictitious King or Queen invented by the children themselves in pairs or small groups depending on the size of your class.
10 years old +
- Photos of members of the British Royal Family
- Card and pens for posters
- Access to computers with your class
The British Monarchy
Before you begin you can ask the class to brainstorm any words they already know to do with the British Monarchy. Stick on the board pictures of the Queen and other members of the Royal family that you can get hold of as stimuli.
- To get an initial overview of the British Royal Family take a look at the kids pages of the official British Monarchy website. There is a great ABC of words associated with the Royal family which include C for crown jewels and U for uniforms. You can even colour online pictures of corgis and guards.
- The children, in pairs, could research two letters each from this page on a computer and feedback to the class on what they found out.
- Make a class Royal dictionary where the write a couple of sentences each on each letter associated word. They should do this neatly on a sheet of A4 which when they have all finished you can punch holes in and attach with ribbon.
Beefeaters Woodlands Junior School have created some great webpages about beefeaters and the Tower of London: http://projectbritain.com/Beefeaters.htm http://projectbritain.com/london/tower.htm
- Use the text to practise the past simple with your older primary classes. This tense coincides neatly with this topic which is fixed in the past.
- It’s important that the children get to see some real pictures like these to make the subject seem real to them. Use visual support as much as possible.
Henry VIII This King was an interesting character and could easily become the subject matter for one of your classes. Have a look here at his and other Royal figureheads’ biographies: https://www.royal.uk/henry-viii-r1509-1547 https://www.royal.uk/search?tags=encyclopaedia
These texts might be a little too lengthy for your students but why not simplify them.
- Copy and print them and extract some key sentences from the text and remove some of the verbs. In small groups they have to put the verbs back into the sentences.
- You can move on to them inventing a new king or queen and compiling a biography for them using the same format. E.g. He had three wives. He was born in 1654. He loved to eat chicken and potatoes.
Royal birthdays The fact that the Queen celebrates two birthdays a year dates back to King Edward VII’s reign when he decided that because the English weather made his November birthday difficult to celebrate that he should have a second in the summer. Read this page to find out more: https://www.royal.uk/queens-birthday
Using the king or queen they have created in the previous activity they can organize a royal birthday celebration. This can revolve around what presents to bring them. Ask questions such as:
- What presents does a king/queen want for their birthday?
- What entertainment does a king/queen want for their birthday party?
- Do kings/queens like to watch clowns or listen to poetry?
- Do they like watching pop concerts?
Garden parties These get-togethers are a way for chosen members of the public to meet the Royal family in a semi-formal setting. Have a look on the website and see what is normally on the menu and how much food they normally need: https://www.royal.uk/garden-parties
- Make your own menus for a Royal garden party – again for the same King or Queen they have already invented. They could invent strange foods or have a special theme for their garden party.
- Design the invitations and remember to include all the necessary information about where to come and for what time. You may need to give them a written frame to work from for the invitations.
- Decide what type of clothes guests must wear. In June 2006 there was a children’s literature themed based party held at Buckingham palace. Some people came dressed up as characters from books. You could use this as an example of the type of imaginary party they could hold.
Family Trees A family tree and more importantly family history, is the foundation upon which a Royal Family is composed.
- Show them an example of a royal family tree introducing extended family member titles such as cousin, uncle, aunt, niece and nephew.
- To maintain continuity they can then invent a family tree for their invented King or Queen using labels for each family member.
- They could present their royal figure to the class and/or display their family tree on the wall.
Follow up suggestions It would be worthwhile to collate all the work they have done on the one fictitious character and display it on the wall. They could, in their small groups or pairs, display a family tree, the invitation and the menu for the garden party, the King’s birthday present list and his biography.
Research and insight
Browse fascinating case studies, research papers, publications and books by researchers and ELT experts from around the world.
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World History Edu
- British Monarchs / Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II: 10 Major Achievements
by World History Edu · December 29, 2019
Queen Elizabeth II (1926-2022)
Why was Queen Elizabeth II so important? What were some of her major contributions to her nation and the world at large? Worldhistoryedu.com presents 10 major accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth II – Britain’s longest-serving monarch.
Facts about Queen Elizabeth II
Birth Day and Place – April 21, 1926; Mayfair, London, the UK
Death and Place of Death – September 8, 2022; Balmoral Castle, Scotland, United Kingdom
Successor – King Charles III
Predecessor – King George VI
Born – Princess Elizabeth of York
Mother – Queen Elizabeth (Queen mother)
Father – King George VI (1895- 1952)
Spouse – Prince Philip , the Duke of Edinburgh (married on November 20, 1947)
Sibling – Princess Margaret (1930- 2002)
Children – Charles, Prince of Wales (now King Charles III); Princess Anne, Princess Royal; Prince Andrew, the Duke of York; and Prince Edward, the Earl of Wessex
Notable Great-Grandchildren – Prince George, Prince Louis, Princess Charlotte, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, Sienna Mapelli Mozzi, August Brooksbank, Savannah Anne Kathleen, Mia Grace
Reign – 1952 – 2022
Coronation Date – June 2, 1953
Most famous for – Longest-serving British monarch in history; and her apolitical approach to dealing with things
Major Achievements of Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II Achievements
Loved by her country and millions across the world
In the past few years, many British royal family members – such as Meghan Markle, Prince Harry, Sophie, Countess of Wessex, Prince William, and Kate Middleton – have taken up the mantle and become extremely popular. However, none of that compares to the sheer amount of confidence and admiration that the British public, as well as the Commonwealth, have for Queen Elizabeth II.
Her tenacity displayed during patchy years in the 80s and 90s went on to solidify her claim as one of the greatest of British monarchs in history. Although she never granted a single interview all throughout her over 70 years on the throne, Elizabeth II never let her people down when it came to communicating heartfelt emotions. These, and many others, are some of the reasons why the Queen was beloved my many.
Credited with injecting vigor and vitality into the British monarchy
In a time where monarchies across the world seem to be losing steam and public appeal, Queen Elizabeth II steered the British monarchy into a path of continuous relevance and impact.
Born in 1926, you could say that the Queen saw it all: World War II ( WWII) , the Korean War , the Cold War , the Falkland Islands War, the Iraq War, and early ones like the Brexit crisis . In spite of all that, she showed nerves of steel in shepherding her country out of some pretty difficult situations. And even as Princess Elizabeth, she notably played a vital role in keeping the nation upbeat and strong during the Battle of Britain in WWII .
- How Was Queen Elizabeth II Brought Up As a Child ?
- Important Facts about Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Ceremony
- Longest Serving Queens and Kings in Britain’s History
She was the longest-serving monarch in British history
Queen Elizabeth II holds the record of being Britain’s longest-reigning monarch. Succeeding her father King George VI in 1953, Elizabeth carried herself in a manner that befits a true monarch for well over seven decades. Her ability to keep up with the changing times earned her enormous praises from all corners of the world.
Her first milestone came in 2002, when she celebrated 50 years on the throne. This was followed by her Diamond and Sapphire Jubilee celebrations in 2012 and 2017, respectively. In February 2022, the Queen reached an even greater milestone when she celebrated her platinum jubilee, marking a whopping 70 years on the throne.
In terms of longevity on the throne, Elizabeth II beat her great great-grandmother, Queen Victoria , England’s second longest reigning monarch. It speaks volumes for a monarch to be regarded in the same light (or even better) as Queen Victoria.
Head of the Commonwealth
HM Queen Elizabeth II flanked by the Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth Nations, at Windsor Castle (1960)
When Elizabeth became queen in 1952, she became the head of Commonwealth realms – a group of sovereign territories and protectorates that consider the Queen as the head of state. As at 2022, there are 14 states that fall under the Commonwealth realm, including Jamaica, Grenada, Australia, the Bahamas, Canada, etc. These countries are also members of the Commonwealth of Nations of which the Queen serves as the head.
The Commonwealth of Nations are a group of 54 independent countries (mostly former colonies of the British Empire) that work together to promote socio-economic and cultural ties among themselves.
It is estimated that the Commonwealth of Nations alone account for a third of the world’s population; majority of these countries are in Africa.
As head of the Commonwealth, the Queen has been instrumental in bringing several socio-economic benefits to those countries. For example, the Commonwealth Games , which is held every four years, is a global event that helps to promote corporation among those 54 nations using the power of sports. In some regard, it is almost like the Olympics. It has also been estimated that the her Royal Highness visited over 110 countries during her long reign as queen.
Weathered the storm during her “annus horribilis”
What did Elizabeth say to the years that marked her “annus horribilis”? Our guess is that she must have said something like “bring it on!”
Imagine having 3 out of 4 children of yours all divorcing in the same period? Now, throw in a few more misfortunes, say your home getting burnt; and then a few years later, losing your daughter-in-law in a freak accident. Unfortunately, those were the exact series of events that Elizabeth II went through during the early 1990s. She even termed that era (1992 to be specific) as her “annus horribilis”, meaning a horrible year in Latin. Three of her children – Prince Charles (now King Charles III), Prince Andrew, and Princess Anne – had their marriages bedeviled by enormous problems, hence, all three got divorced.
Elizabeth II was the best person to truly epitomize the term “what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger”. She remained resolute all throughout those horrific events and guided her family into brighter days.
Served as important symbols for national identity and pride
Queen Elizabeth II Achievements | Image source: Royal.uk
Fast forward to the 21 st century and you can’t help but notice how the Queen never ceased to inject high doses of commitment and passion into her job. A true matriarch of the royal family, Elizabeth II was responsible for making the monarchy once again relevant to the ideals and aspirations of the newer generations on social media . For example, she kept up with the trends of the fast-changing internet environment. In 1997, she launched a website that details the charitable activities and works of the royal family.
In order to show her support of digital communication platforms, she made her first tweet in 2014. Five years later, in March 2019, the Queen made her first Instagram post during her visit to the British Science Museum, London. Elizabeth II was always a big fan of healthy and constructive communication via tech tools. As far back as 1976 , the Queen became the first monarch (also one of the first people in the world) to send an e-mail.
Helped pass the Crown Act of 2013
Up until 2013, the succession to the English crown heavily favored princes over princesses. What this meant was that princes were closer in line to the throne than their older sisters. However, this all changed in 2013 when the British Parliament enacted the Crown Act (2013). The act states that succession will be dissociated from the gender of those in line to the throne. This was a very empowering thing to do, and the Queen made sure that the act got passed . By so doing she championed gender equality and equality of opportunities in her country. For example, the Queen’s great-grand child Princess Charlotte (the daughter of Prince William and Kate Middleton) is closer in line to the English throne than her younger brother Prince Louis.
- Everything that You Need to Know about Queen Elizabeth II’s Children
- Queen Elizabeth II’s Sister – Princess Margaret
Her reign saw the decolonization of several countries
Since 1952, Elizabeth has been the head of the Commonwealth, a group of countries and territories scattered across the world. Most notable of those countries were Canada, South Africa, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), New Zealand, and Australia. From the early 1950s up to the 1990s, the Queen helped many of those countries in gaining independence or some sort of autonomy. This was particularly crucial in Africa, where virtually all of Britain’s colonies gained independence during her reign.
Although her role is largely ceremonial, it must be noted that Elizabeth II still serves as the head of state of about 15 countries (as of 2021), including Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, and a few others.
In 1977, the Queen showed so much leadership during the Patriation process in Canada . The process resulted in Canada removing the sway the British Parliament had on Canadians. However, Canadians still kept the Queen as the head of state.
She survived a couple of assassination attempts
On June 13, 1981, a 17-year-old by name Marcus Simon Serjeant fired six shots at the Queen, who was by then riding a horse (a 19-year-old Burmese horse) during the Trooping the Color ceremony in London. Luckily, the shots that were fired were blank, and the Queen was not harmed. What is remarkable about this incident is the level of composure the Queen exhibited while being under obvious threat. Tried under the 1842 Treason Act, the assailant, who was by the way a former air cadet from Kent, was slapped with a five-year prison sentence.
Then in October, 1981, the Queen’s life came under another threat when she visited Dunedin, New Zealand. The assailant was Christopher John Lewis, a 17-year-old man, who was armed with a .22 rifle. Christopher fired a single shot from an empty toilet stall in a story building close to where the Queen’s convoy passed. Christopher missed and was immediately apprehended by the police. For his crimes, the deranged man was sentenced to three years in a psychiatric prison. He would later take his life while serving his time.
Queen Elizabeth II of England
The first British Monarch to address the U.S. Congress
The relationship between the U.S. and Britain is one that has been described as unbreakable by many experts. However, it was not always like this, bearing in mind that America was once a British colony, and that the two sides fought against each other during America’s long-struggle for independence , i.e. the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).
Therefore, Queen Elizabeth II’s address to the joint session of the United States Congress on Thursday, 16th May, 1991 was a very historic moment for both countries. By so doing, the Queen became the first British monarch to attain this feat.
In a 15-minute speech that received three rousing ovations, the Queen praised the strong cultural and economic bond between her country and the United States, siting the two countries continued cooperation in the Persian Gulf War.
Donning a purple and white hat, Elizabeth II began her speech with a slightly self-deprecating joke about her diminutive stature, which caused laughter to spread across the floor. She then moved to much serious issue, calling on politicians in both countries to maintain the harmony between Europe and America. She stated that greatest progress emerged when the two nations on different sides of the Atlantic acted in solidarity and unity.
Boosted the morale of Britain during WWII
Queen Elizabeth II (then Princess Elizabeth) serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service during WWII
With the outbreak of World War II (WWII) in 1939 , the Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) – who was in her early teens by then – was eager to contribute , in any manner possible, to the defense of her people. Due to her important role in the society, i.e. being the heiress presumptive, Elizabeth was able to lift up the spirits of children all across the nation. She periodically made radio broadcasts during the war in a bid to bring joy to her people. The first of such radio broadcasts came via the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) in a program called Children’s Hour.
Queen Elizabeth II Achievements | Queen Elizabeth II BBC broadcast during WWII
- Timeline of Important Events in World War II
- World War One: 7 Major Causes
As WWII heated up, she would go on to serve as a mechanic and then a driver in the women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service. Her bravery in the face of adversity was unmatched in her royal family.
FACT CHECK : At worldhistoryedu.com, we strive for utmost accuracy and objectivity. But if you come across something that doesn’t look right, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below.
Tags: Balmoral Castle British Queens and Kings Commonwealth Crown Act 2013 Elizabeth II achievement King Charles III
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- Comments 37
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Omg I know the truth of her now
she is still alive right ?
no–deceased September 8, 2022
This website is helpful. Using it to study the queen for homework 🙂 and why does this ask for your email to post a comment??
Err ok,kinda useful but…
This was VERRRRRRy helpful for my project thank you
very helpful for homework
This is very help full for my project thank you.
this is very helpful because I have a school assiment about writing a biography about a famous person and I chose queen Elizabeth and this is helping me a lot.
i am learning about her so this is great
I have a project about queen elizabeth II lol
me too! LOL
this is so amazing
I am doing this in my work so woooooooooooooooo hoooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Doing this for my work on slides why ask email im not doing my real name
They ask for email because it wants to notify you.
She died 8 September 2022
LONG LIVED THE QUEEN ITS LIKE THE MOVIE COMING BACK TO AMERICA LOL
compared to people like Gandhi, Mother Theresa, Martin Luther King she was a non-achiever. Essentially she achieved nothing for the “greater good” and primarily for her family
queen elizabeth is the best
Thank you this helped me for my project
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Queen Elizabeth I & Three Goddesses Wiki Commons
QUEEN ELIZABETH I
Born: 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace, London. Full Name: Elizabeth Tudor. Appearance: Golden red hair and brown eyes. Parents: King Henry VIII (1491-1547) and his second wife Anne Boleyn (c.1504, executed 19 May 1536) Children: The Queen did not have any children. Marital Status: Never married. Religion: Protestant (Anglican). Elizabeth was Supreme Governor (effectively head) of the Church of England (and Wales) Ruling House: Tudor Ruled: England, Wales, Ireland. Elizabeth was also titled Queen of France, as was traditional for the English monarch, but she did not actually rule France. Accomplishments: Spoke several languages fluently, including Latin and French; played several musical instruments; excelled at horse riding and hunting; skilled in needlework. Siblings: 1 Queen Mary I (1516-1558) daughter of Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536), Henry's first wife. 2. King Edward VI (1537-1553) son of Jane Seymour (c.1507-1537), Henry's third wife. 3. Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond (1519-1536), Henry's illegitimate son by Elizabeth Blount (c.1502-1540). Main Childhood Home: Palace of Hatfield, Hertfordshire. Governesses and Carers: 1. Margaret Bourchier, Baroness Bryan (c.1468-c.1552). 2. Blanche Herbert, Lady Troy (c.1473-c.1557)) 2. Katherine Ashley (c.1506-1565). 3. Blanche Parry (c.1508-1590). Tutors: 1. William Grindal (died 1548) 2. Roger Ascham (1515-1568)
Imprisoned in the Tower of London: Elizabeth was brought to the Tower by Traitor's Gate on Palm Sunday 1554 and imprisoned in the Bell Tower until May. Queen Mary and her advisors believed Elizabeth had conspired with the traitor Sir Thomas Wyatt (1521-1554) to seize the throne for herself and Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon (1527-1556). Imprisoned Woodstock Manor: Elizabeth was confined here for a year after being released from The Tower of London. She was actually lodged in the Gate House as the Manor itself was dilapidated. Her keeper was Sir Henry Bedingfield (c.1509-1583). Accession to the throne: 17 November 1558. Coronation: 15 January 1559, Westminster Abbey. Main Palaces: Hampton Court Palace Whitehall Palace Greenwich Palace Palace of St James Richmond Palace Windsor Castle Nonsuch Palace Palace of Westminster (All these palaces, except Windsor Castle, were in or near London.) Favourite Courtiers: 1. Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (c.1533-1588). 2. Sir Christopher Hatton (1540-1591) 3. Sir Walter Raleigh (c.1552-1618). 4. Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex (1566-1601). Most trusted Ministers of State: 1. William Cecil, Baron Burghley (1520-1598). He was Elizabeth's chief advisor for 40 years. The working relationship between Elizabeth and Cecil is the longest working relationship between monarch and minister in British history. 2. Sir Francis Walsingham (c.1532-1590). 3. Robert Cecil (1563-1612). He was made Earl of Salisbury in the reign of King James I. Some important families of the time: 1. Dudleys 2. Sidneys 3. Howards 4. Talbots 5. Herberts 6. Bacons 7. Devereuxs.
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'Operation London Bridge' maps out the 10 days after Queen Elizabeth's death
Members of the public leave floral tributes at the Cambridge Gate, the entrance to the grounds of Windsor Castle, on Friday, after Queen Elizabeth II died at the age of 96. Adrian Dennis/AFP via Getty Images hide caption
Members of the public leave floral tributes at the Cambridge Gate, the entrance to the grounds of Windsor Castle, on Friday, after Queen Elizabeth II died at the age of 96.
Queen Elizabeth II is being mourned by her family, fans and admirers. In Britain, her death at age 96 has thrown a state apparatus into motion that has sat idle for 70 years — since Elizabeth's father, King George VI, died in 1952.
The British government dubbed the intricate protocol of handling Elizabeth's death "Operation London Bridge." It ranges from succession rules to the process of bringing the queen's coffin from Balmoral Castle in Scotland to London.
Queen Elizabeth II dies at 96, surrounded by the royal family at Balmoral estate
The London Bridge plans were leaked to Politico last fall. Some of the details may have changed since then — but using them as a guide, here's a brief look at what the documents say will happen in the first 10 days after the end of the queen's record-setting reign:
Day Zero (Sept. 8)
The royal household notifies the public of the queen's death. Prince Charles immediately succeeds to the throne upon his mother's death. He will be known as King Charles III. His wife, Camilla, becomes queen consort. The couple stay at Balmoral overnight.
Flags fly at half-staff across the British government, and will remain so until 8 a.m. on the morning after the queen's funeral. Charles issues a brief statement , as does U.K. Prime Minister Liz Truss .
Numerous commemorations are planned, from moments of silence to military gun salutes and remembrances in honor of Elizabeth.
The royal family posts an online Book of Condolence on its website.
Day 1 (Sept. 9)
The king announced a period of royal mourning, to be observed until seven days after the queen's funeral on Monday, Sept. 19.
Two 96-round gun salutes honoring the queen — one round for each year of her life — were fired at 1 p.m. local time Friday in London, in Hyde Park and at the Tower of London.
Members of the Honourable Artillery Company prepare for a 96-gun salute to the late Queen Elizabeth II at Tower Bridge in London. The tribute is one of dozens of events planned to mark the monarch's death. Eamonn M. McCormack/Getty Images hide caption
Members of the Honourable Artillery Company prepare for a 96-gun salute to the late Queen Elizabeth II at Tower Bridge in London. The tribute is one of dozens of events planned to mark the monarch's death.
Both houses of Parliament delay their start until noon, when they observe a moment of silence for the late queen. Members then begin delivering tributes , with proceedings expected to run until about 10 p.m.
St. Paul's Cathedral holds a service of prayer and reflection for Elizabeth, starting at 6 p.m. local time. The service is open to up to 2,000 members of the public and is streamed online.
On Saturday morning, the Accession Council met at St. James's Palace in London, where it formally declared Elizabeth's death and proclaimed the new sovereign's accession to the throne . Charles then read and signed a centuries-old oath to uphold the security of the Church in Scotland and ensure continuity of government.
On the same day, senior members of Parliament took an oath of allegiance to King Charles III. The two houses continued their tributes and framed a message of condolence to the king.
Meanwhile, in Scotland, a procession will transport the queen's coffin from the Palace of Holyroodhouse to St. Giles' Cathedral in Edinburgh on Monday, Sept. 12. The king and other members of the royal family will take part in the procession and attend a service at the cathedral, after which the public will be able to pay their respects.
On Tuesday, the Royal Air Force will transport Elizabeth's body from Scotland to London.
On Wednesday, a ceremonial procession by the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery will accompany her coffin from Buckingham Palace to Westminster. There, the Archbishop of Canterbury will conduct a short ceremony, after which she will lie in state at Westminster Hall for several days. The public will be able to visit for 23 hours of each day.
As final funeral preparations are being made in London, Charles will travel to Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, visiting leaders in the United Kingdom.
Day 11 (Sept. 19)
On Monday, Sept. 19, a state funeral service will be held at Westminster Abbey, triggering an observance of two minutes' silence in the U.K. World leaders, including President Biden, are expected to attend. Immediately after the service, another procession will take place from Westminster to Wellington Arch in Hyde Park.
Prince Philip Is Memorialized In An Intimate Funeral Ceremony
Afterward, her coffin will be transported to Windsor Castle, where a final service will be held in St. George's Chapel. Finally, the queen will be buried on the castle grounds next to her husband, Prince Philip, who died in April 2021 .
Elizabeth I was a Tudor queen who ruled England from 1558 - 1603.
She was the daughter of Henry VIII , and the final Tudor monarch.
Her reign has often been described as a ‘Golden Age’ of culture, wealth and exploration. More recently, some historians have questioned the extent to which we should call Elizabeth’s reign a ‘Golden Age’. This guide will look at what has driven these historians to ask these questions, and explore how glorious and stable Elizabeth’s reign truly was.
Video about Elizabethan rule
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Video transcript video transcript.
Elizabeth I reigned from 1558 until 1603. Her reign is commonly referred to as a golden age. By looking at three aspects of her reign, we can investigate how golden it actually was.
Elizabeth's leadership: Elizabeth is often viewed as a strong, powerful female ruler in a world run by men. This view is supported by her refusal to marry the men her adviser suggested, her tight control over nobles and Parliament and the lavish lifestyle she led at court. But her refusal to marry raised the question of who would reign next, leading to many troublesome plots from others who had claims to the throne.
And for many people, life during her reign was not that golden. A growing population meant there was more demand for food and goods, so the cost of living rose and wages fell as there were more people available to do the work. At the same time, tax was increased to pay for Elizabeth's war with Spain and to defeat the many rebellions she faced.
All of this meant poverty levels rose and social problems such as crime and homelessness increased. It wasn't until the end of her reign that Elizabeth introduced laws to help tackle these problems.
Religious tolerance: Elizabeth enacted the Middle Way, a religious settlement that allowed different types of Christianity to practise their faith privately, as long as they recognised her role as Head of the Church. But in reality, Catholics were unhappy that the state religion was now Protestant, and Protestants were unhappy about the compromises allowed to Catholics. And Elizabeth persecuted Catholic priests and nobles who crossed her.
The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588: Catholic Spain, with the support of the Pope, planned to overthrow Elizabeth to stop the spread of Protestantism in England. The English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada and more than a third of the Spanish ships failed to return home.
Elizabeth often gets credit for the victory, but in reality it was a mixture of skilled English commanders like Sir Francis Drake and their more modern, lighter boats, inexperienced Spanish commanders and bad weather that prevented the Spanish invasion.
Elizabeth's reign was undoubtedly a time of great prosperity, influence and success for some, but there were many problems regarding religion, foreign relations and the poverty of working people that raises questions about whether her reign was a golden age for everyone.
Expansion of wealth
For certain groups in society, the Elizabethan era was a time of growing wealth and riches:
Land that had been taken from the monasteries under Henry VIII was bought by men who wanted the status of a country landowner.
Profits from the wool trade meant increased wealth for some.
Trading companies supported by the queen were set up, and they were designed to make big profits.
Elizabeth also supported sailors who gained riches by attacking the ships of other countries, such as Spain, and taking the valuable goods on board. Often these goods had been forcibly taken from the Americas, which was being colonised by European powers.
Although it wasn’t until after the Elizabethan era that England became one of the world’s biggest slave trading nations, Elizabeth I did profit from the trade in enslaved people because of her relationship with privateers such as John Hawkins and Francis Drake. Both became involved in the trade as part of their activities at sea. John Hawkins led a raid that violently captured 300 people in West Africa and transported them to Spanish plantations in the Americas. Hawkins swapped the enslaved people for pearls and sugar, making so much money that Elizabeth invested in his future journeys and provided ships, supplies and guns. She also gave him a unique coat of arms, bearing an image of an enslaved African.
In Elizabethan times, the nobility showed off their expanding riches by building new styles of houses. They moved away from the design of earlier Tudor homes, in which every room centred around a communal great hall, and instead built their homes in 'E' and 'H' shapes.
'E’ and ‘H’ shaped homes allowed servants to be housed in separate wings to the family. Chimneys allowed for individual rooms to have their own fireplaces. This meant separate rooms could be created for eating, sleeping and leisure.
In the centre of the ‘E’ or ‘H’ home, long galleries with ornate plasterwork or wood carving allowed indoor exercise on rainy days; they were also places to show off portrait collections.
Large windows were placed in these homes. One example of an Elizabethan stately home is Hardwick Hall, in Derbyshire. Built by Robert Smythson for the Elizabethan noblewoman Bess of Hardwick, it was one of the most luxurious homes in England. Glass was very expensive during the Elizabethan era, and some people used to say that “Hardwick Hall [was] more glass than wall”.
More on The Tudors
Find out more by working through a topic
Africans and their lives in Tudor England
- count 5 of 5
Who was Henry VIII?
- count 1 of 5
The Reformation and its impact
- count 2 of 5
Who was Elizabeth I?
- count 3 of 5
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Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources .
Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.
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Victoria was the only child of Prince Edward (Duke of Kent) and Princess Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Prince Edward (1767-1820) was the fourth son of King George lll.
Find out more about Victoria's family tree.
Victoria was part of a family of Germans, mainly called George, who came from Hanover.
Click here to find out about Victoria's family .
Victoria's first language was German. At three years old she learnt to speak English and French. Later she learnt to speak Hindustani because she was ruler of India as well.
Victoria didn't go to school. She was taught at home. As well as learning languages, Victoria studied history, geography, and the Bible. She was taught how to play the piano and learned how to paint, a hobby that she enjoyed into her 60s.
Queen Victoria came to the throne when she was only 18 years of age on June 20, 1837 . Her coronation was a year later on 28 June 1838.
Victoria had nine children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe. Most of Queen Victoria's children married into other royal families of Europe.
Queen Victoria reigned for exactly sixty-three years, seven months, and two days (June 20, 1837 - January 22, 1901). Queen Victoria is our longest ever serving monarch.
Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.
Queen Victoria loved singing and she enjoyed painting and drawing. She loved going to the opera.
Britain became the most powerful country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.
The number of people living in Britain more than doubled, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.
Factories and machines were built to meet this demand and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.
Railways, originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time.
Queen Victoria died on 22 January, 1901 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She was 81.
Queen Victoria was survived by 6 children, 40 grandchildren and 37 great-grandchildren, including four future sovereigns of England: Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI.
She is buried in a mausoleum at Frogmore, Windsor.
See our timeline of Kings and Queens of England
Queen Victoria had 9 children. Find out more here
©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013 primaryhomeworkhelp.com
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Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK
Queen Eleanor's C of E Junior School "A caring, supportive community, grounded in a Christian ethos, where children are inspired to explore their potential and develop skills for life."
- Year Groups
From now on, apart from spellings, the homework sheets will no longer be printed off for every child.
Please talk to your class teacher directly if you need a printed copy.
Please ensure that you listen to your child read at least 3 times a week and record in their homework diaries as these will checked weekly by your child's class teacher.
If your child is already a proficient reader, they are expected to update their reading records themselves, however we request for you to sign their reading records weekly before Friday.
All homework will be set on Monday.
Homework wc 26.02.24
This week all the spellings are words with q sound spelt qu. The children only need to practise the spellings they are set for a test on Monday 11th March 2024.
This week's timetables are the 7 x table. Feel free to use either Times Table Rockstars or the below sheet to practise in preparation for the test on Friday 1st March 2024.
This week's English homework is to describe a battle between a member of your family (it could be you) and a mythical beast of your choice. Last week, you should have planned it (using the sheet attached below) and this week you should write it in your English homework book. This is your secobd week for this. It is due in on Monday 4th March 2024.
This week's maths homework is MyMaths. Please logon and complete by Monday 4th March 2024.
For British Science Week, we are taking part in the nationwide poster competition. This year, the theme is TIME . You could create a poster showing how a certain type of technology has changed over time, or even the advancement of time-telling technology itself. Budding poster makers could also go futuristic show us how they think the world might look in years to come, or perhaps look at nature – lifecycles, lifespans, evolution and hibernation – nature is full of timely topics. The rules are it must be one page of A4 or A3, it can be completed as a team or as an individual, it must be original and created by the students – you can’t use a template. Posters will be judged in three categories: Creativity, Content, Effective Communication. Entries must be handed to Miss Oliver by the 15th March.
Poster Competition Science Week
Creative Writing Homework - battle scene
homework Q words
homework Q words1
week 7 - 7 x table