School History

Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses Facts & Worksheets

Ancient greek gods and goddesses facts and information activity worksheet pack and fact file. includes 5 activities aimed at students 11-14 years old (ks3) & 5 activities aimed at students 14-16 year old (gcse). great for home study or to use within the classroom environment., download ancient greek gods and goddesses worksheets.

Do you want to save dozens of hours in time ? Get your evenings and weekends back? Be able to teach Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses to your students?

Our worksheet bundle includes a fact file and printable worksheets and student activities. Perfect for both the classroom and homeschooling!

Download free samples

Resource Examples

Click any of the example images below to view a larger version.

Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses Resource Collection 1

Student Activities

Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses Student Activities & Answer Guide 1

  • The legend of Romulus and Remus
  • Structure of the Roman Republic
  • The Roman Empire: Society and the Triumvirates
  • Decline and fall of an empire
  • The Five Good Roman Emperors

Key Facts And Information

Let’s know more about ancient rome.

  • In the 8th century, a small civilization along the Tiber River located in central Italy grew to be one of the largest empires in history. At the height of the Roman Empire, its territory encompassed the continents of Europe, parts of western Asia, northern Africa, and the Mediterranean. By the 5th century AD, the once greatest empire saw its decline. Among the legacies left by this enormous civilization was the widespread use of Romance languages from Latin roots, including Italian, French Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish.

Grecian mythology: Stories of gods and goddesses

Story of Creation

  • According to Greek mythology, there was only empty darkness in the beginning. The only thing that existed was Nyx, a bird with black wings, until Eros, the god of love, emerged from the golden egg it had laid.
  • Half of the shell became the sky, Uranus, while the other became the earth, named Gaia. Eros made the two fall in love, which later produced children and grandchildren.
  • Of all the children of Cronus, one of the original Titans, Zeus ordered his sons Prometheus and Epimetheus to fill the Earth with men and animals.
  • After he finished making men, Prometheus gave fire as a gift. However, Zeus disliked his son’s action. As punishment, he chained him to a mountain.
  • One of Zeus’ sons created a beautiful woman, named Pandora, to whom the gods and goddesses offered gifts. Zeus’ present was in a box, which he ordered her not to open. But out of curiosity, Pandora opened the box and released Zeus’ punishment to mankind - sickness, pain, greed and envy.

Twelve labours of Heracles

  • Commonly known as Hercules, Heracles was the son of Zeus to a mortal named Alceme. He was known for his strength and bravery. Driven mad by Hera, Heracles killed his own children. As a punishment, he was ordered to perform tasks of labour.
  • With bare hands, Heracles killed the Nemean Lion.
  • The monster with nine serpent heads, the Hydra was killed by cutting off the heads and sealing the wounds with fire.
  • He captured and presented the Golden Hind to Eurystheus.
  • He captured and brought the Erymanthian boar to Mycenae.
  • He rerouted the rivers Alpheus and Peneus to clean the poisonous Augean Stables.
  • Using a rattle, he slayed the violent Stymphalian birds.
  • With bare hands, he wrestled with the Cretan Bull.
  • By digging a ditch to calm down Diomedes’ flesh-eating mares, Heracles was able to sew their mouths and return them back to Eurystheus.
  • Deceived by Hera, Hippolyta (Queen of the Amazons) attempted to kill Hercules to protect the precious belt. However, Heracles killed her and took the belt.
  • He stole the cattle of the giant Geryon.
  • In order to steal the apples of the Hesperides, the evening nymphs, Heracles asked the help of god Atlas, who was then holding up the heavens.
  • He killed the three-headed dog, Cerberus, that guarded the entrance of the underworld.

Perseus: The Slayer of Gorgon Medusa

  • Son of Danae (daughter of Acrisius, King of Argos) and Zeus, Perseus was mentioned in an oracle that he would cause the death of his grandfather. As a result, Perseus and Danae were cast off the sea using a wooden cast. When the cast reached the shore of Serifos, both were made slaves by King Polydectes.
  • Medusa was born a mortal. Her exceptional beauty led Poseidon to impregnate her while at the Temple of Athena. Because of this, Athena cursed Medusa with snakes for hair and exiled her to a cave.
  • As part of the curse, all who gazed on Medusa would turn to stone.
  • With the help of Hermes, Athena, and Hades, Perseus beheaded Medusa. The Gorgon's head was then used to rescue Andromeda, an Ethiopian princess, from a sea monster named Cetus.
  • Perseus sought the help of the Graeae, the three sisters of the Gorgons who shared a single eye and a tooth among them.

The Tragedy of Oedipus

  • According to an oracle, Oedipus, son of King Laius of Thebes and Jocasta, would kill his father. Due to the prophecy, the king ordered a servant to tether his son’s ankles and abandon him on a mountaintop.
  • Despite the king’s order, the servant saved Oedipus by giving him to a shepherd. Young Oedipus was soon adopted by King Polybus of Corinth.
  • At Delphi, Oedipus discovered his fate through an oracle. While on his way to Thebes, he encountered King Laius and killed him.
  • During this time, Thebes was ruled by Creon, Jocasta’s brother. Creon promised that whoever can solve the riddle of the Sphinx would gain the kingdom of Thebes. Oedipus solved the riddle, became the ruler of Thebes, and married Jocasta.
  • Oedipus only discovered that he killed his father and married his mother when Thebes was plagued. As an oracle exposed the cause of the plague, Jocasta hung herself out of disgust.
  • Upon seeing the dead body of Jocasta, Oedipus stabbed his eyes and was sent to exile.

Troy and the Trojan Horse

  • One of the most interesting war stories among the Greeks was the Trojan War. The conflict began when Paris, a Trojan prince, abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta.
  • When the Trojans refused to send Helen back, Menelaus persuaded his brother Agamemnon to attack Troy. Agamemnon and his troops, including heroes Achilles, Patroclus, Odysseus and Ajax, sailed to Troy.
  • After years of battle, the Greeks deceived the Trojans by sending a huge wooden horse as a gift.
  • The horse concealed a small group of skilled warriors.
  • The final year of the war was depicted in Homer’s Iliad. Historians believe that this epic war probably reflected a real war that occurred between the invading Greeks and people of Troas in 1200 BC, because of control over the Dardanelles.

Greek deities: The Twelve Olympians

Genealogy of major Greek deities based on mythology

  • Ancient Greeks practised polytheism, meaning they believed and worshipped several gods and goddesses that represented certain aspects of human life. For the ancient Greeks, religion guided their personal and everyday life. These deities were depicted in human form and characters. Most of the time, they directly intervened in human affairs and even bore child with them.
  • There were said to be 12 or 13 deities that comprised the list of Olympian gods. In Greek mythology, they were the major deities that resided on Mount Olympus. The Elder gods or Titan gods were the ruler of the cosmos prior to the Olympian gods.
  • To honour their gods and goddesses, ancient Greeks built temples or naos and designated them as patrons of cities. For example, Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty, passion and love, was the patron of the city of Corinth.
  • According to ancient Greek religion, Zeus was the sky and thunder god and the youngest of the sons of Cronus and Rhea. Etymologically, his Roman equivalent name was Jupiter, who possessed the same power.
  • He was seen as the god who maintained order, and the ruler upon all gods. He assigned each deity its roles. Although Zeus did not physically father many gods, he was considered the father of them all.
  • His union with Hera, his sister, produced other gods, including Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus. He was also the father of many deities and heroes, such as Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Athena, Perseus and Heracles.
  • In addition to thunder, he was also characterised by animal imagery, like an eagle, bull and oak.
  • According to mythology, Zeus grew greater and more powerful than his father. He was the reason why his other siblings escaped their father’s stomach. He also freed the Cyclopes and Cronus’ brothers from Tartarus.
  • Then, Zeus collaborated with his brothers and sisters, Cyclopes and Hecatonchires, to overthrow Cronus. They also cast the Titans to Tartarus, which was a region in the underworld. One myth recounts that there was a Titan punished by holding the sky, because he fought against Zeus.
  • As a result of overthrowing the Titans, Zeus and his brothers shared the responsibilities of the world. Zeus was accountable for the sky and air. Poseidon got the waters, and Hades the underworld.
  • Hera is the goddess of marriage, women, family and childbirth in ancient Greek religion. She is the wife and sister of Zeus. Hera is given the title “queen of the gods”, for she rules over Mount Olympus.
  • In ancient Greek mythology, Hera can be demonstrated by a cow, lioness and the peacock.
  • The Greeks devoted the first temple constructions to honour the goddess Hera. Her first temple was built at Samos about 800 BCE. Later, it was replaced by a bigger temple called the Heraion of Samos.
  • Hera was famous for being the matron goddess. Ancient Greek mythology tells that her marriage to Zeus was conducted in sacred marriage rituals. These marriage rituals were carried by the Greeks, and they believed that Hera presided over weddings. Grecians carved a great sculpture of Hera seated as a bride.
  • Poseidon’s Roman equivalent is Neptune. Poseidon is the god of the sea, storms and earthquakes. In Pylos and Thebes, he was regarded as a chief deity.
  • He was thought to be the protector of sailors. His mythology recounts that he stood with the Greeks against the Trojans, during the “Trojan War“. However, a Greek hero Odysseus incited Poseidon’s fury by blinding his son.
  • Poseidon appeared as a beast (a horse-like beast), demonstrating the world of the dead “river spirit”. Greeks believed that when earthquakes happened, they reflected Poseidon’s anger. Shipwrecking and storms at sea were also attributed to his mood.
  • Poseidon more than other Greeks. They usually prayed and asked for safe voyages. Ancient Greeks have performed rituals to honour Poseidon when sailing. These religious rituals included animal sacrifices, like sinking horses. He was symbolised by a horse, bull, dolphin, trident and a fish.
  • Demeter is the Greek goddess of agriculture, fertility, sacred law and the harvest. She was named “she of the grain”, and the “lawbringer”. She also persisted on the cycle of life and death.
  • Demeter was worshipped at Eleusis, a little town near Athens, and celebrated with two main festivals. Demeter had a very close bond to her daughter Persephone. Myths recount that Persephone was also the daughter of Zeus. Persephone was named the “queen of the underworld”.
  • Another story argues that Persephone, the virgin, was kidnapped by Hades, the god of the underworld. Her mother searched for her non-stop. In effect, all the living plants in nature were left to dry and die.
  • Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and war. Athena’s role was to protect many cities in ancient Greek, especially the city of Athens.
  • Most of her sculptures usually depict her wearing a helmet, and holding a spear.
  • Athena is symbolised by owls, the Gorgonian, olive trees and snakes.
  • Athena had temples built for her in the central part of the city, on the top of the fortified Acropolis. In addition to the Parthenon, Greeks constructed other numerous temples to honour Athena across ancient Greece.
  • Aside from being the goddess of wisdom, Athena was also known as the helper of heroes. In mythology, she guided Odysseus on his journey back to Ithaca. Moreover, other heroes, such as Heracles, Perseus, Diomedes, Cadmus and Bellerophon also received help from Athena.
  • Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. He was born in Mount Cynthus on the island of Delos and was represented by a python, raven, lyre, laurel wreath, swan, bows and arrows.
  • Apollo is the god of archery, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, music and dance, the Sun and light, poetry and art.
  • It was believed that Apollo was the protector of the young. He healed them, and helped them grow. Apollo is also associated with children’s education.
  • Delphi and Delos are the cult centres of Apollo. Many temples were built for Apollo in Greece, as well as in Greek colonies.
  • In ancient Greek mythology, Apollo is often depicted with his Muses at Olympus. He uses his lyre made by god Hermes. Paeans were hymns often sung to honour Apollo.
  • Based on Homer’s Iliad, Apollo infected the Greek encampment with plague.
  • Artemis is the Greek goddess of hunting, wild animals, the wilderness, moon, and chastity. She is the twin sister of Apollo, and the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Artemis was pictured with many symbols including a bow, arrow, quiver, hunting knives, moon, deer and cypress.
  • Ancient Greeks believed that Artemis could curse women with grief or relief. In the same way Apollo was the protector of children, Artemis protected young girls.
  • She was worshiped side by side with Eileithyia, as the deity of childbirth and midwifery. Stories recount that Artemis preferred to remain a virgin.
  • Artemis’ temple was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
  • Son of Zeus and Hera, Ares is the god of war. He is often personified with violence, conflict, and other brutal aspects of war. Similar to his sister, Athena, he represents military strategies.
  • His symbols are the sword, chariot, flaming torch, spear, shield, helmet, dog, boar and vulture.
  • Unlike Athena, there were minimal temples built to honour him. Among the remarkable was a statue built in Sparta, which highlighted the military spirit of the city-state.
  • Despite the rarity of temples, Ares was often honoured with sacrifices when the Greeks were going to war.
  • Aphrodite is the goddess of love, pleasure, procreation, passion, fertility and beauty. She is symbolised by myrtles, sparrows, roses, doves and swans. Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus and Dione.
  • The Aphrodisia was the main festival celebrated in honour of Aphrodite. This festival was celebrated annually. Greek priests would spill the blood of doves in the temple, as a sacrifice.
  • In mythology the beauty of Aphrodite sparked wars between gods. In order to avoid conflict, Zeus married her to Hephaestus.
  • Along with Hera and Athena, Aphrodite was one of the contenders for a golden apple in the story of the Judgement of Paris. When Zeus refused to choose who was the fairest of the three, Paris, son of the King of Troy, chose Aphrodite.
  • Aphrodite is often depicted as a perfect maiden, a female counterpart of Apollo. She is sometimes represented alongside Eros due to their ability to ignite love.
  • Hephaestus is the Greek god of blacksmithing, metalworking and craftsmen. He made all the weapons and armouries of the gods in Olympus, and so is symbolised by a hammer, tongs, a volcano and an anvil.
  • Compared to other gods, Hephaestus was the only one depicted with physical deformities. Because of this imperfection, he was initially cast out of heaven.
  • His marriage to Aphrodite was arranged by Zeus.
  • In addition to being the god of metalworking, Hephaestus was considered to be the patron of the arts.
  • A temple in Athens was built to honour him. The arrow of Eros and armour of Achilles were both crafted by Hephaestus.
  • Hermes is the god of travel, communication, commerce and diplomacy. He is also known as the messenger of the gods. Hermes’ role is to protect merchants, orators and travellers. It is believed that he can travel quickly between worlds (divine world, human world and the underworld).
  • Son of Zeus and Maia. Myths depicted Hermes as the “trickster God” who is symbolised by a rooster, winged helmet, tortoise, lyre and talaria.
  • Ancient Greeks worshiped him as he “who connects the living with the dead”.
  • Hermes was highly honoured in the city-states of Corinth and Argos. In Arcadian and Boeotian art, Hermes is depicted carrying a ram, which associated him with the patron of shepherds.
  • Hestia, firstborn of Cronus and Rhea, is the goddess of the hearth, fire, the home, and the state. Hestia highlighted the social, religious, and political stability. Her duty was to provide domestic and religious care for the family. She symbolises warmth.
  • To honour Hestia, every city in ancient Greece had a public hearth. Inside Greek homes, meals began and ended by making an offering to her.
  • Despite her small appearance in mythology, Hestia is considered the most compassionate of all the gods and goddesses.
  • Despite the intentions of Poseidon and Apollo, Hestia refused to get married. She remained childless and devoted herself to caring for Greek families.

logo

Greek Myths Worksheets

Theogony: Clash Of The Titans

Theogony: Clash Of The Titans

Τhe Three Sisters Of Fate

Τhe Three Sisters Of Fate

Pandora's Box

Pandora’s Box

Mythical Blueprint

Mythical Blueprint

Godly Association

Godly Association

Perseus And Medusa

Perseus And Medusa

Pandora's Enigma

Pandora’s Enigma

Cupid And Psyche

Cupid And Psyche

Echoes Of Narcissus

Echoes Of Narcissus

Minerva And Arachne's Web

Minerva And Arachne’s Web

Theseus And The Minotaur

Theseus And The Minotaur

Icarus And Daedalus

Icarus And Daedalus

Divine Portraits

Divine Portraits

Myth Or Reality

Myth Or Reality

Godly Guesswork

Godly Guesswork

Mythical Tales Explored

Mythical Tales Explored

A Legendary Profile

A Legendary Profile

Myth-Making Magic

Myth-Making Magic

All about these worksheets.

These worksheets can enhance student understanding and appreciation of Greek mythology, a body of myths and legends from Ancient Greece. These stories, involving gods, heroes, and creatures, have had an enduring influence on Western culture, shaping our literature, art, philosophy, and even our understanding of the human condition.

Our Greek Myth worksheets offer a structured approach to studying these complex narratives, allowing students to analyze characters, themes, motifs, and symbolism in these ancient tales. In doing so, these worksheets not only enrich a student’s knowledge of Greek mythology but also hone their reading comprehension and critical thinking skills.

Greek myths are full of exciting, dramatic stories that capture students’ imagination, making learning fun and engaging. Second, because these myths have influenced many aspects of Western culture, understanding them can provide a foundation for interpreting later works of literature, art, and philosophy. Moreover, since these stories explore universal themes such as love, honor, justice, and fate, they can stimulate profound discussions about ethics and human nature.

They can also serve to enhance reading comprehension and understanding. When students grapple with the complex narratives, unfamiliar settings, and archaic language often found in these myths, they learn to extract meaning from challenging texts. The worksheets’ guided questions and exercises can support students in this process, prompting them to analyze the text more deeply and reflect on its meaning. As students engage with these exercises, they not only gain a better understanding of the myth at hand but also develop more general skills that can improve their reading comprehension, such as making inferences, identifying themes, and analyzing characters.

There is a diverse range of exercises that one might expect to find on Greek Myth Worksheets, catering to different learning objectives and skill levels:

Story Analysis – These exercises involve reading a myth and answering questions about its plot, characters, setting, and themes. This is a fundamental way to ensure understanding of the text and promote deeper analysis.

Character Study – This type of exercise requires students to analyze a character from a Greek myth, looking at their motivations, relationships, actions, and development over the course of the story. Such exercises foster a deep understanding of character and characterization.

Comparative Analysis – These tasks might ask students to compare two myths, two characters, or the portrayal of a theme across different myths. Comparative exercises promote critical thinking and broaden students’ understanding of the subject.

Creative Writing – In these exercises, students might be asked to write their own myth or to continue or rewrite a story from a different perspective. This not only fosters creativity but also deepens students’ engagement with the conventions of Greek mythology.

Vocabulary Exercises – Since Greek myths often contain unfamiliar or archaic vocabulary, exercises might be included to help students learn these words, improving their overall language skills.

Symbolism and Motif Analysis – Many Greek myths use symbols and motifs. Students can be asked to identify these and analyze their meaning, enhancing their ability to interpret symbolism in literature.

Theme Discussion – Greek myths explore many profound themes. Exercises might involve discussing these themes, relating them to the students’ own experiences, or comparing them with the treatment of these themes in other works of literature.

Myth and Culture – Exercises might ask students to explore the influence of Greek myths on modern Western culture, such as references in later works of literature, in art, or in everyday phrases and expressions.

The worksheets may cover a wide range of Greek myths, including stories about Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hercules, Perseus, Medusa, Pandora, and many others. They often explore the adventures, challenges, and moral lessons depicted in these myths.

What Are The Most Widely Shared Greek Myths?

Greek mythology encompasses a rich body of stories, but there are a few tales that are especially prominent and influential. Here are some of the most commonly told Greek myths:

The Creation of the World (Theogony) – In Hesiod’s “Theogony”, the universe begins with Chaos. From Chaos came Gaea (Earth), Tartarus (the underworld), and Eros (love). Gaea gave birth to Uranus (sky), who became her husband and fathered the Titans. The Titans were overthrown by their children, the Olympian gods, led by Zeus.

The Twelve Labors of Hercules (Heracles) – Hercules, the son of Zeus and a mortal woman, was renowned for his extraordinary strength. After being driven mad by Hera and killing his family, Hercules was ordered to perform twelve nearly impossible labors as penance, including slaying the Nemean lion and the Hydra, capturing the Golden Hind of Artemis, and cleaning the Augean stables in a single day.

Pandora’s Box – Pandora, the first woman, was created by the gods as part of Zeus’ punishment for mankind after Prometheus stole fire for them. Pandora was given a box and told never to open it. However, her curiosity got the best of her, and when she opened it, all the evils of the world escaped, leaving only Hope inside when she closed it again.

The Trojan War – The Trojan War, fought between the city of Troy and the Greeks, was sparked by the Trojan prince Paris abducting Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war lasted for ten years and culminated with the Greeks deceiving the Trojans by presenting them with a giant wooden horse (the famous “Trojan Horse”) filled with Greek soldiers, which led to the fall of Troy.

The Odyssey – This epic by Homer follows the Greek hero Odysseus’s ten-year journey home after the Trojan War. Odysseus encounters numerous obstacles along the way, including the one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus, the enchantress Circe, and the deadly Sirens.

Perseus and Medusa – Perseus, the son of Zeus and a mortal woman, is best known for killing Medusa, a Gorgon whose gaze turned people to stone. With gifts from the gods, including a mirrored shield from Athena, winged sandals from Hermes, and a sword and helm of invisibility from Hephaestus, Perseus beheaded Medusa while looking at her reflection to avoid her deadly gaze.

Daedalus and Icarus – Daedalus was a skilled craftsman who, with his son Icarus, was imprisoned in a tower by King Minos. Daedalus created wings from feathers and wax to escape. Despite Daedalus’s warnings, Icarus flew too close to the sun. The wax in his wings melted, and he fell into the sea and drowned.

King Midas and the Golden Touch – After showing hospitality to Dionysus, the god of wine, King Midas was granted a wish. Midas wished that everything he touched would turn to gold. However, this gift turned into a curse when he found he couldn’t eat, drink, or even touch his daughter without turning her to gold. He begged Dionysus to take back his gift, which the god agreed to do.

Mensa For Kids Logo

An Introduction to Greek Mythology

Greek mythology is not only interesting, but it is also the foundation of allusion and character genesis in literature. In this lesson plan, students will gain an understanding of Greek mythology and the Olympian gods and goddesses.

Learning Objectives After completing the lessons in this unit, students will be able to:

  • Understand the Greek view of creation.
  • Understand the terms Chaos, Gaia, Uranus, Cronus, Zeus, Rhea, Hyperboreans, Ethiopia, Mediterranean, and Elysian Fields.
  • Describe the Greek view of the world’s geography.
  • Identify the names and key features of the Olympian gods/goddesses.
  • Create their own god/goddess.
  • Create their own myth explaining a natural phenomenon.
  • D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths by Ingri and Edgar Parin D’Aulaire
  • The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
  • The Mighty 12: Superheroes of Greek Myths by Charles Smith
  • Greek Myths and Legends by Cheryl Evans
  • Mythology by Edith Hamilton (which served as a source for this lesson plan)
  • A paper plate for each student
  • Internet access to look up relevant sites

Note: Do not give student(s) the filled-in copy of the Gods/Goddesses chart. That is your answer key.

Lesson 1: Greek Creation Mythology

Although when we think of mythology we think of a collection of stories, there is a beginning to them. Understanding the beginning of the story, the creation of the world, gives us a framework to build upon as we learn about the different myths.

The short answer to how the Greeks viewed the creation of the world is this: Scary old gods came first; they got stomped down by their kids, who were better looking, younger gods. These gods created humans. Humans and gods fought for supremacy, and the humans won a few rounds but eventually got trounced and became more and more miserable.

Now, the longer answer: In the beginning, the universe was without form. It was not nothing; there was matter, but it was unorganized, shapeless, mixed up and dark. This was called Chaos.

After Chaos, more divinities, or gods, came into being.

Gaia, the Earth, held up Uranus, the sky. Gaia and Uranus had a bunch of kids. First they had a bunch of monsters including the Cyclops, and then they created the Titans as the second generation. Uranus hated all the Titans and was actually quite ugly about it — but there are only a couple of Titans that you need to remember: first, Oceanus, the god of the sea, and then Cronus, the strongest and best one of all. Gaia was pretty ticked at Uranus for being a jerk, so she helped Cronus overthrow him.

So, let’s keep this straight. Cronus is Uranus’s son. Cronus became the king (bye-bye Uranus), and married his sister, Rhea — another Titan. It’s like a soap opera. This was called the Golden Age because men, who had been made by a Titan named Prometheus, were living in harmony. Everything was hunky dory.

It didn’t last, though, because Cronus heard a prophecy that one of his sons would dethrone him, so every time his wife, Rhea, had a baby, he swallowed it. Rhea got a little sick of seeing all of her children swallowed alive, so she tricked Cronus when her sixth child, Zeus, was born; she wrapped up a rock to look like a baby and had Cronus swallow that instead. Zeus rescued his previously swallowed siblings, and all was right with the world.

Greek view of the world graphic

The Greek view of the world was a little different than ours. The Greeks believed that the world was flat, but circular, like a paper plate. At the center of the Universe was Greece.

Their world was divided by the Mediterranean, which means "Middle of the Lands" in Latin. The river Ocean flowed around the world in a clockwise motion.

In the north lived the Hyperboreans — an extremely happy people for whom life was sweet. When the old people became tired of living, they threw themselves into the sea. This was a land of constant vacation where people were said to live for 1,000 years. In the south lived the Ethiopians. In Greek drama, mention is often made of various gods being in Ethiopia, meaning really far away. So, if I say I parked in Ethiopia this morning, would that mean I’m close to my office or far away? The Ethiopians were said to be on good terms with the gods and liked to entertain them. To the west were the Elysian Fields. This was the closest the Greeks got to the idea of heaven; only the best and brightest of the dead people got to go there.

  • Read The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki.
  • Draw your own representation of the Greek view of the world on the paper plate using colored pencils and the map on the previous page as a guideline. Be sure to include the Ethiopians, the Hyperboreans and the Elysian Fields on your map.
  • Directions for Paragraph: Begin with a topic sentence. Here is an example: The Greek view of the world both resembles and differs from the contemporary view.
  • Next, list two ways the views are similar. Here are examples: The Greek view resembles the contemporary view in that: Additionally, the views are similar because:
  • Next, list two ways the views are different. Here are examples: However, the Greek view is not the same as the contemporary view because the Greeks believed The Greeks also thought
  • Last, you will state a conclusion. Here’s an example: Therefore, even though the views have similarities, they differ in important ways.

Lesson 2: The Olympian gods

Use the information in this lesson to begin to fill in the gods and goddesses chart at the end of this lesson; you will also need to do your own research to complete it. Now that you understand the way that the Greeks viewed the beginning of the world, you are ready to learn about the Olympian gods.

First, we have to explore exactly what we mean by "Olympian gods." Mount Olympus is a real mountain in the north of Greece. Gradually, it became associated less and less with an actual mountain and more with an imaginary place high above the earth. According to the ancient Greeks, the gate to Olympus was made of clouds and it was guarded by four goddesses, the Seasons. Each god had his or her own dwelling place, but Olympus was home base.

There were up to 14 gods considered Olympian gods. Seven of them were Zeus and his siblings, and seven others were children of Zeus. Sometimes only 12 will be listed. The Greeks and Romans shared mythology, so you will find two names for most gods.

Zeus

Zeus was the king of the hill. He was dominating, powerful and had a soft spot for pretty women. He could be terrifying when angry. His symbols were the thunderbolts, or lightning bolts made for him by the Cyclopes (his uncles); the eagle; and the scepter, or rod. Please copy this information onto your chart.

Hades

Hades, or Pluto, was the god of the underworld and of the dead. He was called the same names by the Romans, but they also sometimes called him Dis or Dis Pater. He was Zeus’s brother and married Persephone after kidnapping her against her will. He was gloomy and frightening.

Poseidon

Next, we have Poseidon, or Neptune, as the Romans called him. He was Zeus’s brother, and he was the god of the sea and also earthquakes. He often is shown with a three-pronged spear called a trident that was made for him by his nephew, Hephaestus, and/or a fish.

Hera

Our first goddess is Hera. She sits on the right side of Zeus and is his wife. Of course, she’s his sister, too, but that’s the way it was on Olympus. Hera’s Roman name is Juno, and she is the queen of the gods. She is the guardian of marriage and was well-loved by the Greeks; it’s kind of sad that she’s the goddess of marriage but her own marriage was so bad. She was often jealous of her husband’s girlfriends and did mean things to them, even the ones who didn’t want anything to do with him, but she could be tender and loving as well. The peacock was her symbol. In fact, the circles in a peacock’s tail are said to be the eyes of her 100-eyed servant, Argus.

Athena

Next is Athena, or Minerva, the daughter who sprang fully formed from the head of Zeus after a major headache. She is the goddess of wisdom and war and also the protector and namesake of the city of Athens. She preferred reason to violence unless she was pushed. She turned Arachne into a spider for bragging that she could spin better than Athena. She was very competitive and is often pictured with her helmet and a spear. She carried Zeus’s shield, called the aegis. The owl was her bird. Can you see it in her hand?

Apollo

Apollo was a twin. His Roman name was the same as his Greek name. He was the god of the sun or light, poetry, music and medicine and was famous for his oracles (wise women to whom he gave his power to predict and interpret the future). He was very proud and also protective of his mother and sister. His symbols were the gold bow and arrows, and he often appears golden and shining. He wears a laurel wreath in memory of Daphne, who didn’t want to be his lover and prayed to Mother Earth for help escaping him; she was turned into a laurel tree.

Artemis

Artemis was Apollo’s twin. Her Roman name was Diana, and she was the goddess of hunting, chastity and the moon. She protects women and small children, is fiercely independent and particularly dislikes men. In pictures, she is seen accompanied by three hunting hounds, a bow and a fawn.

Ares

Ares or, as he is known by his Roman name, Mars, was the god of war. He would fight on both sides, if possible. He was young, strong and handsome, and liked to dress in battle clothes even when he wasn’t fighting.

Hephaestus

Hephaestus, or Vulcan, was born lame and was further crippled when he was thrown from Olympus by his mother, Hera, in a rage. He was the only Olympian with a disability. He was unhappily married to Aphrodite and worked as a blacksmith in the gods’ forge.

Aphrodite

Hephaestus’s wife, Aphrodite, whose Roman name was Venus, was the goddess of love and beauty. She was born out of sea foam when the blood of Uranus dropped into the ocean. She was the mother of Eros and was irresistibly charming, fickle, vain and competitive. Her symbol was a cestus, or magic belt, that made everyone fall in love with the wearer; sometimes she would lend it to humans. This is a famous painting of the birth of Venus, or Aphrodite, by Botticelli.

Dionysus

Dionysus was the partier of the mountain retreat. He was Zeus’s son by another woman, who was driven crazy by Hera and her jealousy. Dionysus went all around teaching people how to make wine and having a good time. Eventually, Hestia gave up her throne for him, and he lived on Olympus. He was the god of wine, of course, and also vegetation.

Hermes

Hermes, or Mercury, was the god of science and invention, but he is best known as the messenger of the gods. He is often pictured with a winged helmet and sandals. He is said to have invented the alphabet, boxing and gymnastics! In this painting by Goltzius, you can see his helmet with wings; he’s not wearing his famous sandals, though.

Demeter

Demeter was the goddess of the crops and the harvest. She is also known as Ceres (Roman) and sometimes Deo. Her symbols include a torch, a crown, a scepter and stalks of grain. She is often portrayed with her daughter, Persephone, who was kidnapped by Hades and taken to the underworld. By the time she was rescued, she’d eaten six pomegranate seeds, so she couldn’t escape the underworld entirely. Her mother was so frantic that winter draped the land and no crops would grow. A deal was struck, and Persephone was allowed to return to her mother for half of the year. So each year, when she returns to the underworld, fall comes, then winter — but when she returns to her mother, spring and summer come again.

Hestia

Hestia was Zeus’s sister and the goddess and protectress of hearth and home. She is also known by her Roman name, Vesta. She was gentle and kind and was very popular with the Greeks. She didn’t have a lot of adventures, so she’s rarely pictured in art.

Now, use at least two sources in addition to what you read here to fill in your chart (next page) completely. Write down the sources you used on the back of the chart.

Book suggestions

  • (If your library doesn’t have these, check around Dewey Decimal No. 398.2. That’s where Greek mythology is.)

Web references

  • Some Great Greek Myths
  • Mythography
  • Encyclopedia Mythica

The Olympian gods

Lesson 3: Mythology biographical poem

A biographical poem, or biopoem, uses a simple but specific structure to describe the most important facts about someone. Your assignment is to write a biopoem about one of the gods or goddesses you have studied. You may choose any god or goddess (except Aphrodite, because she’s the example below). The blanks bewlow are for your rough draft. When you’re done, copy your final version onto a separate sheet of paper and, if you would like, decorate it.

Follow this format exactly, please:

Build a hero

Example (you may not use this goddess):

Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, Desire, Beauty and Fertility. A daughter of Zeus and Dione; wife of Hephaestus. Lover of sons Aeneas and Cupid and brother Ares. Who protects sailors. Who needs a chariot. Who fears War, Athena and Hera. Who gives Helen to Paris, a magic belt to Hera, and Medea to Jason. Resident of Mt. Olympus. Venus.

Lesson 4: Olympians quiz

Time to test yourself — and beware, answers may be used more than once!

Quiz section 1

  • If you could have dinner with one god or goddess, who would it be and why?
  • Which god or goddess do you think would make the best president and why?
  • Imagine that Zeus has come to you and said that Olympus is lacking a god or goddess, and he needs you to help. Invent a new Olympian and describe him or her below.

Quiz section 2

Lesson 5: Putting it all together

Myths are a way of understanding the world. This lesson has been about Greek mythology, but every culture has myths. Myths define social customs and beliefs, explain natural and psychological phenomena, and provide a way for people to discuss things that cause anxiety.

Mythology is all around us. Here are just a few examples of places we find myths today:

  • Days of the week — Wednesday (Woden or Odin — Norse god); Thursday (Thor — Norse god); Friday (Freya — Norse goddess); Saturday (Saturn — Roman god who ruled before Jove)
  • Cars — Toyota Avalon and Cressida, Cadillac El Dorado, Honda Odyssey, Mercury
  • Shoes — Nike
  • Tires — Midas
  • Astronomy — Constellations like Orion, the Argo, all of the planets and the Pleiades. The Milky Way itself was supposedly the road over which the stars traveled to Jupiter’s palace.
  • NASA — The first part of U.S. space program was Project Mercury, named after the messenger of the gods because the project’s purpose was to send a message to the Soviets that America was in the space race. The Gemini Project was next; Gemini is Latin for "twins," and the project was called this because the capsule held two astronauts. Apollo astronauts rode on Saturn rockets.

Myths also make great stories. They come up in literature all over the place, from really serious stuff like Dante to comic strips. Myths inspire music; actually the word music comes from the mythological muses who inspired art of all kinds. Painters such as Michelangelo and Botticelli were inspired by myths. Even children’s movies are a good place to look for myths; you will find them everywhere, including Snow White, Star Wars and The Lord of the Rings. Can you find at least three examples of mythology connections in the world?

Lesson 6: Create your own myth

Hopefully myths inspire you, too, because you are about to create your own myth! As you know, myths were often used to explain natural phenomena. Your challenge is to create your own myth to explain some natural phenomenon or land formation. It could be anything from the origin of hurricanes to how the Grand Canyon or a mountain range was created. You will tell this myth in a story format.

Here are the guidelines:

  • Your story must involve at least two Olympian gods or goddesses. It may contain other gods or goddesses as well.
  • Your story must explain some natural phenomenon (such as a weather event) or some geological feature (a mountain range, a large valley, a sea, an ocean, a polar ice cap, etc.).
  • Your story should be at least 350 words.
  • Your story must have a clear beginning, middle and end.
  • Your story should clearly show that you know something about Greek mythology. You will do this by including details about the Olympian gods and goddesses that show you know their powers, symbols and personalities.

Here are some ideas to get you thinking:

  • Where did the Rocky Mountains come from?
  • Where did the Mississippi River come from?
  • What made the North and/or South Pole(s)?
  • Why is Earth the third planet from the sun?
  • Why is it dark at night?
  • What is in the middle of the earth?

Mythology rubric

This series of lessons was designed to meet the needs of gifted children for extension beyond the standard curriculum with the greatest ease of use for the educator. The lessons may be given to the students for individual self-guided work, or they may be taught in a classroom or a home-school setting. Assessment strategies and rubrics are included at the end of each section. The rubrics often include a column for "scholar points," which are invitations for students to extend their efforts beyond that which is required, incorporating creativity or higher level technical skills.

Notification Bell

Greek Gods and Goddesses

Loading ad...

Profile picture for user novakem

  • Google Classroom
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Download PDF

Greek Gods and Goddesses

Homeschool Giveaways

Homeschool Giveaways & Freebies

HOME INFO ADVERTISE

Learn about presidents and elections!

Learn how Homeschool Notebooking can ignite a love of learning in your kids!

Human Anatomy Notebook

Greek Mythology Resources and FREE Printables

By Sarah Shelton on February 22, 2020

My kids loved learning about Greek Mythology when we were studying about Ancient Greece in history! If you are studying about Ancient Greece this year, then you will be sure to come across learning about the Greek myths. Or maybe your kids are just interested in learning about the myths on their own in a unit study. There are so many fun resources and FREE printables available to do your own unit study on Greek mythology! Explore all these Greek Mythology Resources and FREE Printables we found for you!

Do you wonder if it’s right as a Christian to teach about Greek mythology? We share some thoughts on Why Teaching About Greek Mythology in Your Christian Homeschool is Not Bad . 

FREE Printables: gods and goddesses:

  • 20 Free Printable Greek gods and goddess cards (you will need to scroll down the page)
  • Greek god mythology Bingo Cards
  • Greek god checklist worksheet

Greek god coloring pages:

Greek myths printables:.

  • Greek Myth Activities 
  • Greek Myth Resources and Ideas
  • Greek Mythology Matching Card Game
  • 25+ Greek Mythology Worksheets and Printables Greek Mythology Printable Pack for ages 2-9

Greek Mythology Crafts and Activities:

Griffin Printable Craft

Easy Medusa Craft

Greek Mythology Inspired Labyrinth Craft

Greek Mythology Minotaur Masks

More Greek Mythology and Ancient Greece Printables:

  • Greek Mythology Worksheets and Printables
  • 25+ Greek Mythology FREE Worksheets and Printables
  • People of Ancient Greece Notebooking

Opt In Image

We value your privacy and promise never to send you spam; you can unsubscribe at anytime. View our  Privacy Policy  for more information on how we process your data.

greek gods worksheet pdf

Sarah is a wife, daughter of the King and Mama to 4 children (two homeschool graduates) She is a an eclectic, Charlotte Mason style homeschooler that has been homeschooling for over 20 years.. She is still trying to find the balance between work and keeping a home and gardens. She can only do it by the Grace of God, coffee and green juice

greek gods worksheet pdf

Be sure to check out the open and go homeschool curriculum and resources over at www.dailyskillbuilding.com

greek gods worksheet pdf

IMAGES

  1. FREE Greek Mythology for Kids Printable Book

    greek gods worksheet pdf

  2. Greek Gods Facts, Worksheets & Ancient Myths For Kids

    greek gods worksheet pdf

  3. Roman and Greek Gods Names Worksheet

    greek gods worksheet pdf

  4. Let your children identify the parts of the Greek Gods and Goddesses

    greek gods worksheet pdf

  5. The Ancient Greek Gods

    greek gods worksheet pdf

  6. Greek Mythology Worksheets Pdf

    greek gods worksheet pdf

VIDEO

  1. God of War

  2. Greek gods are in the BIBLE! Part 1

  3. Greek Gods vs Norse gods #godofwar #gow

COMMENTS

  1. PDF Great Greeks!

    1. Write the name and description of each of the Olympian Greek gods or goddesses. 2. Find the symbols, animals, and plants/trees/flowers associated with the Greek gods and goddesses. Fill in the chart below. Name of God Symbol(s) Animal(s) Plants/Trees/Flowers Zeus Athena Poseidon Demeter Hades Hera Hestia Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis

  2. Free Greek Mythology Worksheets and Printables

    We have got you covered with this list of Greek Mythology Worksheets and Printables and a Greek Myths Worksheet instant download. Greek Belief Systems Allusions to Greek Mythology are everywhere in our society and in the literature our children will read when they are high school students and in college.

  3. KM C754e-20160310085013

    Greek Gods and Goddesses The Greeks believed that in the beginning of the earth there was a huge void called Chaos. From this void, eventually, came the Titans led by Chronos. Zeus, the son of Chronos, was the leader of the next race of gods—the Olympians. These were the gods and goddesses worshiped by the ancient Greeks.

  4. PDF Greek mythology

    The Greek gods Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades were the three sons of the Titans Cronus and his wife Rhea. The three brothers rebelled against Cronus in the War with the Titans and divided up the dominions of the Titans.

  5. PDF Mythology Packet and Questions

    First, Zeus ordered the gods' handyman, the maker of things - Hephaestus - to make Zeus a daughter. Hephaestus made a woman out of clay, a beautiful woman. He brought her to life, and then brought her to Zeus. Zeus named his lovely new daughter Pandora. Zeus knew that Epimetheus was lonely.

  6. PDF Greek Mythology Activities

    A good way to introduce mythology is to read a myth together as a class. The story of Demeter and Persephone is a well-known myth, and it introduces students to one of the key themes of Greek mythology: for good or ill, the actions of immortals have an impact on mortals. MATERIALS gWhat Is a Myth reproducible, pages 9-10

  7. Greek Mythology Worksheets

    Word list includes: Poseidon, Zeus, Athena, Dionysus, Aphrodite, Ares, Hestia, Demeter, Apollo, Hades, Hermes, Hephaestus, and Hera. 5th through 8th Grades View PDF Word Search: Symbols of Greek Deities In this word search, students are given the name of a symbol for a Greek deity.

  8. PDF GREEK GODS SERIES Zeus

    GREEK GODS SERIES Name: _____ Super Teacher Worksheets - www.superteacherworksheets.com Zeus Zeus was king of the gods on Mount Olympus, and the keeper of law and order. This sky and weather god was renowned for his weapon of choice: thunderbolts. He's associated with powerful, commanding symbols like eagles, bulls, and oak trees ...

  9. Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses Facts & Worksheets

    HERA. Hera is the goddess of marriage, women, family and childbirth in ancient Greek religion. She is the wife and sister of Zeus. Hera is given the title "queen of the gods", for she rules over Mount Olympus. In ancient Greek mythology, Hera can be demonstrated by a cow, lioness and the peacock.

  10. PDF GREEK GODS SERIES Hera

    GREEK GODS SERIES Hera ANSWER KEY Super Teacher Worksheets - www.superteacherworksheets.com 200069 She was his sister and his wife. marriage and family She was the queen of the gods on Mount Olympus. Answers may vary: He was not Hera's son. The goddess of marriage and family was also queen of the gods on Mount Olympus.

  11. Greek Gods and Goddesses Worksheets and Activities

    Worksheet 1: Greek Gods Crossword 1 This crossword reviewsthe Greek pantheon. Worksheet 2: Greek Gods Crossword 2 Another crossword that review the Greek pantheon. Worksheet 3: Greek Gods Crossword 3 Yet another crossword that reviews the names of Gods and Goddesses in Greek mythology. Worksheet 4: The Olympians Word Search

  12. Greek Mythology Worksheets and Teaching Activities

    Greek Gods and Goddesses: T hese worksheets mainly focus on the twelve Olympian gods, but some worksheets also cover the lesser gods and the primordial gods. Greek Gods and Goddesses. More worksheets: Medieval Ages | Vikings | Ancient Egypt. Activities and worksheets for teaching Greek myths.

  13. Greek Myths Worksheets

    These worksheets can enhance student understanding and appreciation of Greek mythology, a body of myths and legends from Ancient Greece. These stories, involving gods, heroes, and creatures, have had an enduring influence on Western culture, shaping our literature, art, philosophy, and even our understanding of the human condition.

  14. An Introduction to Greek Mythology

    Myths are a way of understanding the world. This lesson has been about Greek mythology, but every culture has myths. Myths define social customs and beliefs, explain natural and psychological phenomena, and provide a way for people to discuss things that cause anxiety. Mythology is all around us.

  15. 15 Greek mythology English ESL worksheets pdf & doc

    This worksheet contains reading comprehension exercises to the text "A Story about Medusa and Athena", a famous Greek myth. There is a true/false task, ... 4244 uses Restiva Centaur Reading A simple reading about centaurs, followed by some questions for discussion/writing. Fully editable, so you can modify the vocab to suit your students. 3762 uses

  16. PDF Name: Dads, Greek God Style

    Fathers of ancient Greek mythology should be admired. b. Uranus was the most terrible god, according to Greek mythology. c. Zeus was the most heroic of all the ancient Greek gods. d. Fathers in Greek mythology did powerful, strange, and often terrible things. 2. Who was Heracles? a. Uranus' son b. Cronus' son c. Cronus' grandson d. Uranus ...

  17. Greek Gods and Goddesses worksheet

    Greek Gods and Goddesses worksheet | Live Worksheets Home Worksheets Greek Gods and Goddesses Greek Gods and Goddesses novakem Member for 4 years 10 months Age: 10-17 Level: elementary Language: English (en) ID: 44792 12/03/2019 Country code: HU Country: Hungary School subject: History (1061782) Main content: Ancient Greece (2001407)

  18. Greek Mythology Resources and FREE Printables

    Greek Mythology Worksheets and Printables. 25+ Greek Mythology FREE Worksheets and Printables. People of Ancient Greece Notebooking. Sarah Shelton. Sarah is a wife, daughter of the King and Mama to 4 children (one who is a homeschool graduate)! She is a an eclectic, Charlotte Mason style homeschooler that has been homeschooling for almost 20 ...

  19. Greek Mythology

    Greek Mythology - Gods and Goddesses (Beginner) Series Title: 3D printing Lesson Plans Creator: George A. Smathers Libraries Publication Date: 2017 Language: English Subjects Subjects / Keywords: Mythology, Greek -- Three-dimensional printing Genre: lesson plan ( aat ) Notes Abstract: Intended for the 2nd grade ( en ) General Note:

  20. PDF Mythology Lesson Plans

    Myths are stories that give people a relationship with the universe, the passing of time, and with their environment. Some myths give the official view of creation, others are a way to explain natural events. Myths were passed on by spoken word, and their function was to explain, to teach lessons, and to entertain.

  21. PDF Name: Greek Gods and Goddesses

    Name: 200046 Super Teacher Worksheets - www.superteacherworksheets.com Greek Gods and Goddesses Across 5. goddess of love and beauty 9. mountain where many of the major gods lived 12. herald of the gods; messenger god 13. god of the skies, thunder, and law and order; king of the heavens 14. goddess of the harvest, agriculture, and fertility 15. god of wine and festivities

  22. PDF Ancient Greece Activities

    Motivate students by watching a video on Greek mythology. Check your local library and video stores for stories about the Greek gods or heroes. Remind students that movies may not accurately portray the story plot. Later in the unit when discussing mythological passages, you can refer to the videos and critique them. Middle East Egypt Greece ...

  23. PDF Greek and Roman Gods

    Here is a list of the names of the Greek and Roman gods. They shared a lot of the same stories, but used different names. It would be helpful to print this page and keep it handy. Lord of the sky and supreme ruler of the gods. Known for throwing lightening bolts. Ruler of the sea. Brother of Zeus. Carried a three-pronged spear known as a trident.