1. Animal Testing Pros and Cons Free Essay Example

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  2. Argumentative essay against animal testing. Argumentative Essay Animal

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  3. Animal Testing

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  4. Descriptive essay: Argumentative essay animal testing

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  5. pros and cons of animal testing

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  1. The Flaws and Human Harms of Animal Experimentation

    Annually, more than 115 million animals are used worldwide in experimentation or to supply the biomedical industry. 1 Nonhuman animal (hereafter "animal") experimentation falls under two categories: basic (i.e., investigation of basic biology and human disease) and applied (i.e., drug research and development and toxicity and safety testing).

  2. Scholarly Articles on Animal Experimentation: History, Legislation

    "Animal Experimentation." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2021. View Fast Facts >> Access Through Your Library >> See More Articles >> Animal experimentation, also called animal testing, has contributed to many important scientific and medical discoveries.

  3. Ethical and Scientific Considerations Regarding Animal Testing and

    This Overview provides a brief summary of the ethical and scientific considerations regarding the use of animals in research and testing, and accompanies a Collection entitled Animals, Research, and Alternatives: Measuring Progress 50 Years Later, which aims to spur ethical and scientific advancement. Introduction

  4. A History of Regulatory Animal Testing: What Can We Learn?

    Since 1 January 2013, a new EU directive, 2010/63/EU, aiming to harmonise the European internal market, has stated that "wherever possible, a scientifically satisfactory method or testing strategy not entailing the use of live animals shall be used", and a growing number of scientists now question the translatability of the results of animal tes...

  5. Alternatives to animal testing: A review

    Using animals for the purpose of research is one of the extended uses. Various animals like mice, rats, hamsters, rabbits, fishes (examples - zebra fish, trout), birds (mainly chicken), guinea pigs, amphibians (xenopus frogs), primates, dogs, cats etc. are being used in research for a long time (CULABBR, 1988). Drug testing and toxicological ...

  6. Reevaluating the Practice of Animal Testing in Biomedical Research

    The phrase "animal testing" refers to the range of experiments performed on living animals for the purpose of studying diseases and biology, the effectiveness of newly developed pharmaceuticals and medications, and the safety of consumer products like cosmetics, cleaners, and food additives. In the context of biomedical research, animal ...

  7. A guide to open science practices for animal research

    Translational biomedical research relies on animal experiments and provides the underlying proof of practice for clinical trials, which places an increased duty of care on translational researchers to derive the maximum possible output from every experiment performed.


    There are several reasons why the use of animals is critical for biomedical research: • Animals are biologically very similar to humans. In fact, mice share more than 98% DNA with us! • Animals are susceptible to many of the same health problems as humans - cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc.

  9. (PDF) Animal experimentation: A look into ethics, welfare and

    PDF | On Nov 1, 2017, Marcos Rassi Fernandes and others published Animal experimentation: A look into ethics, welfare and alternative methods | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ...

  10. (PDF) The ethics of animals testing

    The ethics of animals testing Authors: Bogdan Marinescu Victor Babes National Institute of Pathology Cristin Coman Cantacuzino Institute Abstract The progress of medical science could not have...

  11. Extending Animal Cruelty Protections to Scientific Research

    INTRODUCTION On November 25, 2019, the federal law H.R. 724 - the Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture Act (PACT) prohibiting the intentional harm of "living non-human mammals, birds, reptiles, or amphibians" was signed. [1] This law was a notable step in extending protections, rights, and respect to animals.

  12. Ethical considerations regarding animal experimentation

    Go to: Summary Animal experimentation is widely used around the world for the identification of the root causes of various diseases in humans and animals and for exploring treatment options. Among the several animal species, rats, mice and purpose-bred birds comprise almost 90% of the animals that are used for research purpose.

  13. Animal Testing and its Alternatives

    This involves generating, integrating and analyzing data from diverse sources including animal studies, epidemiology, clinical reports, in vitro assays, and various omics approaches. While the ...

  14. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: Sage Journals

    Alternatives to Laboratory Animals. 2.7 5-Year Impact Factor: 2.2. JOURNAL HOMEPAGE. SUBMIT PAPER. ATLA is a peer-reviewed journal, intended to cover all aspects of the development, validation, implementation and use of alternatives to laboratory animals in biomedical research and toxicity testing.

  15. Is Animal Testing Ever Justified?

    The E.P.A. Administrator Andrew Wheeler said the agency plans to reduce the amount of studies that involve mammal testing by 30 percent by 2025, and to eliminate the studies entirely by 2035,...

  16. Animal research is an Ethical issue for humans as Well as for Animals

    from happening is governments' continued insistence on animal testing. Yet the evidence is clear that reliance on animals as surrogate humans puts patients at risk, can delay medical progress, and can cause effective treatments to be wrongly discarded. There is a compelling case to be made that animal research is an ethical issue for humans as

  17. Recent efforts to elucidate the scientific validity of animal-based

    Responses to our analyses of animal drug/toxicology tests, and continued defence of animal drug testing. Following the publication of each of our three, complementary papers in 2013, 2014 and 2015, we wrote to dozens of representatives of pharmaceutical companies, regulators and other stakeholders, requesting feedback, thereby hoping to build on our work and open some dialogue on this ...

  18. Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective

    The amorality of human experiments prior to animal testing in animals was also an ethical argument raised ... From the impact of Singer's and Regan's works in society and the academic world, "animal ethics" would emerge as a whole new field of philosophical and bioethical studies, and, with it, new and diverse ethical views on animals ...

  19. The Ethics of Animal Experimentation

    Many medical research institutions make use of non-human animals as test subjects. Animals may be subject to experimentation or modified into conditions useful for gaining knowledge about human disease or for testing potential human treatments. Because animals as distant from humans as mice and rats share many physiological and genetic similarities with humans, animal experimentation can be ...

  20. Reviewing the animal literature: how to describe and choose between

    Another one synthesises the animal and human (population) evidence on low-energy sweeteners (intervention) and body weight (outcome). 55 The main shortcut taken in this second scoping review is the lack of a risk of bias assessment for the included animal studies, besides the paper selection probably not being performed by two independent ...

  21. OpenAI Unveils A.I. That Instantly Generates Eye-Popping Videos

    Feb. 15, 2024, 1:15 p.m. ET. In April, a New York start-up called Runway AI unveiled technology that let people generate videos, like a cow at a birthday party or a dog chatting on a smartphone ...

  22. The Emergence and Development of Animal Research Ethics: A Review with

    The Emergence of Animal Research Ethics. In his contribution to The Routledge Companion to Bioethics, Tom L. Beauchamp (2014, p. 262) calls animal research ethics "a recently coined term".It is, indeed, only in the last decade, that animal research has been discussed extensively within the framework of philosophical research ethics, but the term "animal research ethics" goes back at ...

  23. Preventing disasters: Academic Minute

    Today on the Academic Minute: Ilan Kelman, professor of disasters and health at University College London, explores some options for responding to the increasing number of disasters. ... Duke Stops Assigning Point Values to Essays, Test Scores. Quick Takes . Maryland House Passes Legacy Ban.